Joerg Barandat – WATERINTAKE 07/2015 Oktober – November – Dezember 2015

W A T E R I N T A K E

7/2015

Oktober – November – Dezember

17.12.2015

http://www.cop21paris.org/

Paris Agreement on Climate Change

http://newsroom.unfccc.int/paris/

https://unfccc.int/meetings/paris_nov_2015/meeting/8926.php

ADOPTION OF THE PARIS AGREEMENT, FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1

https://unfccc.int/documentation/documents/advanced_search/items/6911.php?priref=600008831

COP21: Reporting from the UN-Water Side Event …

VIDEO … On Monday, 7 December 2015, UN Water hosted a panel discussion on the Pivotal role of water in climate change adaptation and mitigation. The event brought together representatives from national and local government with private sector, to discuss the impacts of climate change on water …

https://vimeo.com/148350644

SWP – November 2015

Das Pariser Abkommen 2015: Weichenstellung für das Klimaregime

http://www.swp-berlin.org/publikationen/swp-studien-de/swp-studien-detail/article/das_pariser_abkommen_2015_weichenstellung_fuer_das_klimaregime.html

151202 Sakurai klima_gipfel_katastrophe_welt

WASSERSTANDSMELDUNGEN

White House launches ‚moonshot for water‘

December 15, 2015 The White House launched an ambitious effort to enlist the private sector in its efforts to reclaim and conserve water … saying it’s critical for the country to better manage water supplies that are under increasing pressures from climate change … The strategy, known informally as a "moonshot for water," focuses on encouraging technological advances and private-sector investment to rebuild water projects like reservoirs, boost data collection, support water-sharing agreements and find new technologies to recycle and conserve water … Interior Secretary Sally Jewell … announced the creation of a new Natural Resource Investment Center to help coordinate research and investment on water conservation and water rights management. She also announced a Water Summit to be held at the White House on March 22, which is World Water Day …

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2015/12/15/obama-administration-launches-all-out-push-water/77356070/

E.P.A. Broke Law With Social Media Push for Water Rule, Auditor Finds

DEC. 14, 2015 The Environmental Protection Agency engaged in “covert propaganda” and violated federal law when it blitzed social media to urge the public to back an Obama administration rule intended to better protect the nation’s streams and surface waters, congressional auditors have concluded … An E.P.A. official … disputed the finding. “We use social media tools just like all organizations to stay connected and inform people across the country about our activities … At no point did the E.P.A. encourage the public to contact Congress or any state legislature” …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/15/us/politics/epa-broke-the-law-by-using-social-media-to-push-water-rule-auditor-finds.html?_r=0

The “Water Wars” Trap

Dec. 9 2015 Climate change may threaten security, but countries won’t be going to war over water any time soon … despite melting glaciers, increasing water scarcity, and a run on resources, there is not a single ongoing “water war” being fought on the planet—nor has there been one in 4,500 years. Yet some media outlets are calling what’s happening in Syria and Iraq a water war and warning about potential future conflicts in Nebraska, India, China, and Turkmenistan … Drama sells … war is expensive. To control water, you must control territory, and then you must move the water to your own territory. There are simply cheaper solutions than waging a war … There are many examples of how, even in times of acute armed conflict, countries cooperated over their shared water. Israel and Palestine consistently cooperate over water issues much more than they would lead anyone to believe. The Sri Lankan government and the Tamil Tigers cooperated over water before the war ended. Pakistan and India signed the Indus Waters Treaty amid tensions in 1960. Cooperation has been the norm, not the exception …

http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2015/12/water_wars_caused_by_climate_change_aren_t_something_we_need_to_worry_about.html

Streit um Grundwasser – Gräbt Hamburg der Nordheide das Wasser ab?

09.12.15 Schadet es der Umwelt, dass Hamburg der Nordheide jährlich Millionen Kubikmeter Grundwasser entnimmt? Darüber wird seit Langem gestritten. Nun könnten Pendler das Ass im Ärmel von Hamburg Wasser sein. Nach Berechnung von Hamburg Wasser verbrauchen auch die Heidjer selbst in Hamburg viel Wasser: 93.000 niedersächsische Pendler arbeiten in der Hansestadt – allein die verbrauchen 4,3 Millionen Kubikmeter Wasser im Jahr …

http://www.welt.de/regionales/hamburg/article149777866/Graebt-Hamburg-der-Nordheide-das-Wasser-ab.html

Water: Getting the salt out

December 8, 2015 Researchers develop a simple way to remove salt and some other dissolved substances from polluted water … the new system uses electricity to steer the ions dissolved in water in a particular direction. This separates them from a stream of fresh (unsalty) water …

https://student.societyforscience.org/article/water-getting-salt-out

Chinese Glacier’s Retreat Signals Trouble for Asian Water Supply

DEC. 8, 2015 … The extreme effects predicted of global climate change are already happening in western China. Glacier retreat here and across the so-called Third Pole, the glaciers of the Himalayas and related mountain ranges, threatens Asia’s water supply. Towns and villages along the arid Hexi Corridor, a passage on the historic Silk Road where camels still roam, have suffered floods and landslides caused by sudden summer rainstorms. Permafrost is disappearing from the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau, jeopardizing the existence of plants and animals, the livelihoods of its people and even the integrity of infrastructure like China’s high-altitude railway to Lhasa, Tibet …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/09/world/asia/chinese-glaciers-retreat-signals-trouble-for-asian-water-supply.html?_r=0

Klimawandel: Nordbayern könnte das Wasser ausgehen!

07.12.2015 Trockenheit und wenig Schnee könnten vor allem in Nordbayern für längerfristigen Wassermangel sorgen … Der Klimawandel könnte für Bayern drastische Folgen haben: Immer mehr heiße Tage, weniger Schnee und wärmere Flüsse und Seen sagt der Klima-Report Bayern voraus – und warnt vor Wasserknappheit …

http://www.abendzeitung-muenchen.de/inhalt.klima-report-bayern-klimawandel-nordbayern-koennte-das-wasser-ausgehen.b58b3032-914d-4f85-9e62-3a1d0f740f18.html

IT-Sicherheitsgesetz und Branchenstandards sollen Wasserversorgung schützen

07.12.15 Die sich verschärfende Terrorgefahr ruft die Anfälligkeit der Infrastrukturen ins Bewusstsein. Diese so genannten „Kritischen Infrastrukturen“, wozu auch Energieversorgung und Wasserversorgung zählen, sind die elementaren Lebensadern unserer Gesellschaft … ist am 25. Juni 2015 das IT-Sicherheitsgesetz in Kraft getreten, das auch die vermehrt in der Wasserversorgung zum Einsatz kommende IT schützen soll …

http://www.lebensraumwasser.com/2015/12/07/it-sicherheitsgesetz-und-branchenstandards-sollen-wasserversorgung-schuetzen/

Are humans using too much water?

December 6, 2015 Scientists find humans could be consuming freshwater at an alarming rate, depleting the crucial natural resource … Over the period of 1955 to 2008, freshwater was consumed by humans at an average rate of about 4,370 cubic kilometers each year, or 1048 cubic miles each year, the scientists report. That’s up 3,563 cubic kilometers per year from 1901 to 1954 … Planetary boundaries have been proposed by researchers as limits to which humans can sustainably use resources. By Dr. Jaramillo and colleague Georgia Destouni’s estimates, that proposed boundary is 4000 cubic kilometers per year, which we’ve already passed …

http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2015/1206/Are-humans-using-too-much-water

siehe auch:

December 4, 2015 Humans are using up far more of Earth’s water than previously thought

http://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/humans-are-using-up-far-more-of-earth-s-water/article_858b315a-af23-543d-8cbc-19d8f2ff5922.html

December 3, 2015 Alarming research finds humans are using up far more of Earth’s water than previously thought

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2015/12/03/alarming-research-says-humans-are-using-up-far-more-water-than-previously-thought/

Air strike on Syrian water plant that left 3.5million people with ‚reduced‘ supply is condemned by charity

3 December 2015 … An air strike on a water treatment plant in Syria that cut supplies for 3.5million people has been branded an ‚alarming‘ example of the war’s toll on local populations. It’s not yet clear who carried out the air strike on the facility last week, but UNICEF claims it shows how the rules of war – designed to protect civilians – are being broken daily …

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3344115/Air-strike-Syrian-water-plant-left-3-5million-people-reduced-supply-condemned-charity.html

Unexpected miracle in the Holy Land – Israel has found a way to create an essential resource

December 1, 2015 … Go anywhere in Israel — most of which is a desert and the rest of which is semi-arid — and turn any faucet: Pure water, safe to drink, will flow … It’s a miracle — right up there with turning water into wine. The most complete explanation for how that miracle has been achieved and what it could mean for the world is the subject of a new book, Seth Siegel’s “Let There Be Water: Israel’s Solution for a Water-Starved World.” … He recounts how Israeli leaders, since the earliest days of the modern Jewish state, have made water a top priority, second only to defending their people from those sworn to drive them into the sea. That led to innovations, some well-known, such as using drip irrigation to make deserts bloom using relatively tiny quantities of water; some mundane but necessary such as conservation, extensive sewage treatment and recycling. And in recent years, enormous strides have come about thanks to the development of cost-effective methods to turn seawater – the same seawater in which Israelis’ enemies have hoped to drown them – into fresh water …

http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/dec/1/clifford-may-water-in-israel/

NASA scientist: Southeast faces a scarcity of water

December 1, 2015 … Satellite data show declining water storage in Southeast … Climate change will dry out Southern half of U.S., models show … With care, Catawba River could be a steady water supply until 2100 …

http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/local/article47457280.html

The Water Wars Waged By Islamic State

Nov 25, 2015 … The Islamic State’s use of natural resources to achieve its strategic goals has been much discussed. Oil, one of the group’s biggest sources of funding, plays an especially important role in its calculations … But what is less talked about, although no less important, is the Islamic State’s use of water in its fight to establish a caliphate. Its tactics have brought water to the forefront of the conflict in Iraq and Syria, threatening the very existence of the people living under its oppressive rule. If the Islamic State’s opponents do not move to sever the group’s hold over Iraqi and Syrian water sources — and soon — it may prove difficult to liberate the region from the Islamic State’s hold in the long term … Since the group began expanding its territorial claims in western Syria, it has used water as a tool in its broader strategy of advancing and establishing control over new land … a close look at the group’s movements clearly indicates that the Tigris and Euphrates rivers hold a central role in its planning. Recognition of the Islamic State’s intention to organize its new caliphate around the Tigris-Euphrates Basin may prove helpful in the long-term fight against the group … While the oil and natural gas fields it seized along the way were a means for the group to threaten military forces and make money, the bodies of water and infrastructure were a means to hold the entire region hostage. Historically, the Euphrates and Tigris rivers have been an important source of contention between Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran. The lack of cooperation and coordination between these countries on sharing the mighty rivers has led to a failure to regulate their use and an overconsumption of resources … With no regional coordination and poor security along the rivers themselves, terrorist groups — including the Islamic State — have been able to use water as both a target and a weapon. Not only have they destroyed water-related infrastructure such as pipes, sanitation plants, bridges and cables connected to water installations, but they have also used water as an instrument of violence by deliberately flooding towns, polluting bodies of water and ruining local economies by disrupting electricity generation and agriculture. Since 2013, the Islamic State has launched nearly 20 major attacks (as well countless smaller assaults) against Syrian and Iraqi water infrastructure … With water at the core of its expansionist strategy, the Islamic State has also ensured that bodies of water and their corresponding infrastructure have moved to the forefront of the ongoing conflict in the Middle East. The control of major water resources and dams has, in turn, given the Islamic State a firm grip on the supplies used to support agriculture and electricity generation … Because of its importance to both electricity generation and agricultural production, water has the power to run or ruin an economy. And since bodies of water often extend beyond any one country’s borders, history shows that the competition for water resources can often only be settled peacefully through regional cooperation … There is no doubt that the Islamic State has a very clear strategy, one that extends even beyond Syria and Iraq and into the wider region. The group has established bases throughout North Africa, following a similar path of controlling key resources and using them as weapons against the populations and governments it seeks to coerce or destroy. It is time that nearby states and the international community re-examine what they know about the Islamic State’s tactics and formulate a new plan of action. Forces fighting the Islamic State must look at the region as a single integrated basin and bring bodies of water — and by extension, the populations dependent on them — to the forefront of their strategies. Water has always formed the core of civilizations; the Middle East — not to mention an Islamic State caliphate — is no different.

http://www.forbes.com/sites/stratfor/2015/11/25/the-water-wars-waged-by-the-islamic-state/

Danke für diese Hinweis nach Berlin-Mitte! J.B.

Karte:

https://www.stratfor.com/sites/default/files/styles/stratfor_large__s_/public/styles/stratfor_large__s_/public/main/images/ISIS-Water-Strategic-Locations-112415-2.jpg

Siehe auch:

SWP Wasser als Waffe: Der IS an Euphrat und Tigris

Die systematische Instrumentalisierung von Wasser birgt Zielkonflikte für den IS

– November 2015 … Im Zuge seiner territorialen Ausbreitung hat der Islamische Staat (IS) strategisch bedeutsame Wasserressourcen und weite Teile der Wasserinfrastruktur in Syrien und im Irak unter seine Kontrolle gebracht. Als Teil ihrer Expansionsstrategie eroberte die Miliz mehrere wichtige Staudämme an Euphrat und Tigris und hat vor allem seit 2014 Wasser auf unterschiedliche Weise als Waffe eingesetzt. Von außen lässt sich diese Praxis mit ihren fatalen Folgen kaum unterbinden … Das Risiko, dass der IS die Waffe Wasser in ihrer verheerendsten Form in Syrien und im Irak einsetzt, steigt letztlich also dann, wenn die Miliz massiv attackiert und zum weiträumigen Rückzug gezwungen wird …

http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/wasser_als_waffe_der_is_an_euphrat_und_tigris.html

Danke für diesen ganz schnellen Tipp nach Wuppertal! J.B.

UNHCR water project aids road safety in Kyrgyzstan

24 November 2015 … For children in this Kyrgyzstan village which was once torn apart by ethnic strife, a daily trek to get buckets of drinking water posed an unexpected danger: traffic … "Whenever my sister and I fetched water, we were afraid to cross the busy road," said 12-year-old Abdulaziz. "We needed to ask adults to help us."… The project was also welcomed by local children in Tashtak who no-longer have to brave the busy highway to get water – among them eight-year-old Otabek. "We’re happy to have clean drinking water near our houses" …

http://www.unhcr.org/56541cca6.html

France installs sensors to prevent attack on water supply at climate summit

23 November 2015 Sensors should signal if there is any contamination of the water supply at the summit that begins 30 November, with up to 45,000 people attending … “A terrorist could very well take advantage of this gathering to strike,” said Jean-Louis Fiamenghi, head of security for French water and waste company Veolia …

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/23/france-installs-sensors-attack-water-supply-climate-summit

Is Brazil nearly out of fresh water?

November 22, 2015 As the drought in Southeastern Brazil drags on, the people of Sao Paulo are struggling with stringent rationing. What accounts for the water crisis and how could it be remedied? …

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2015/1122/Is-Brazil-nearly-out-of-fresh-water

Tenth round of tripartite talks on Ethiopian dam expected

21 Nov 2015 … The talks include the Egyptian, Sudanese and Ethiopian ministers of foreign affairs and of irrigation. Informed sources told … that the reason behind the delay was "the Ethiopian irrigation minister’s foreign commitments and official visits.” In September, Dutch consultancy firm Deltares, one of two foreign consultancy firms hired to study the effects of the GERD, withdrew from the assessment of the dam, saying that the conditions imposed by the tripartite national committee — which includes representatives from Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, as well as the French consultancy firm BRL — did not provide sufficient guarantee that an independent high-quality study could be carried out … Egyptian officials have repeatedly expressed concerns that Ethiopia’s $4.2 billion hydroelectric dam on the Blue Nile, the construction of which is said to be at least 40 percent complete and is set to finish in 2017, would negatively affect its share of the Nile water. According to the irrigation ministry, Egypt is suffering from a water deficit of 20 billion cubic metres, which it compensates through water recycling, an inadvisable process in the long term.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/170321.aspx

Knappes Gut: Wasser für die Wüstenstadt Lima

20. November 2015 Perus Hauptstadt Lima ist eine Wüstenstadt. Dort regnet es fast nie. Die Herausforderung in Sachen Trinkwasserversorgung ist gewaltig. Es kommt aus den Anden. Dort schmelzen die Gletscher … Damit gehe die natürliche Speicherfunktion der Anden verloren, heißt es bei der KfW. Die Folge: Im Winter würde der Rimac mehr Wasser führen, im Sommer weniger. Der Wasserstand unterliege durch verstärkte Regenfälle möglicherweise sehr hohen Schwankungen. Eventuell drohen dann der Wüstenstadt sogar Überschwemmungen …

http://www.badische-zeitung.de/wirtschaft-3/knappes-gut-wasser-fuer-die-wuestenstadt-lima–113883340.html

The world is running out of WATER and this maps shows where will dry up first

Nov 19, 2015 SCIENTISTS have developed the first ever global map showing ALL the groundwater we have hidden beneath the Earth’s surface …

http://www.express.co.uk/news/science/620607/World-running-out-WATER-map-shows-where-dry-up-first

Siehe auch:

16. November 2015 Erster Grundwasser-Atlas – So viel Wasser hat die Erde

http://www.wiwo.de/technologie/umwelt/erster-grundwasser-atlas-so-viel-wasser-hat-die-erde/12595778.html

Bezugsseite: http://web.uvic.ca/~tgleeson/research.html

How declining snowpack threatens water supplies

November 13, 2015 A new study examines how far-reaching effects of diminished snowpack could be … Data shows reduced snowpacks – the seasonal accumulation of snow – will likely imperil water supplies by 2060 in regions from California’s farmlands to war-torn areas of the Middle East, according to a team of scientists in the United States and Europe …

http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2015/1113/How-declining-snowpack-threatens-water-supplies

In Südafrika wird das Wasser knapp

12.11.2015 Die schwere Dürre und eine Hitzewelle treffen nicht nur die südafrikanische Landwirtschaft. Auch die Wirtschaftsmetropole Johannesburg stellt sich auf das Schlimmste ein … Die betroffenen Landesteile sind wichtige Lieferanten von Mais, Weizen, Zitrusfrüchten und Zucker. Nach Schätzung des Branchenverbands Grain SA muss Südafrika bis im April 770 000 Tonnen Mais importieren. Normalerweise ist das Land ein Nettoexporteur des Grundnahrungsmittels und versorgt Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swasiland und Simbabwe. Auch der Viehwirtschaft geht es nicht besser. Mehrere zehntausend Stück Vieh seien schon verdurstet, teilte ein anderer Agrarverband mit …

http://www.nzz.ch/wirtschaft/wirtschaftspolitik/duerre-und-hitze-1.18645497

Wasserkrise schafft Innovationen und lockt Investoren

10. November 2015 … Kaum vorstellbar, aber die Wasserkrise in Kalifornien hat auch etwas Gutes. Die wirtschaftlichen Folgen der historischen Dürre in Höhe von rund 2,7 Milliarden US-Dollar motivieren Industrie, Agrarbetriebe, Wasserversorger und Investoren, innovative Technologien für effizienteres Wassermanagement zu entwickeln. Einiges dürfte auch in Europa und in Deutschland Auswirkungen auf die technologische Ausstattung der Wasserversorgungssysteme und Haushalte haben … Effiziente und intelligente Wassertechnologien werden wie heute schon die Energie-Technologien in Zukunft immer wichtiger werden …

http://www.lebensraumwasser.com/2015/11/10/wasserkrise-schafft-innovationen-und-lockt-investoren/

These two guys found an affordable way to turn salt water into drinkable water using the power of ocean waves

9.11.2015 … two recent graduates from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Justin Sonnett and Chris Matthews, think they’ve found a solution to help ease the world’s growing thirst using nothing but ocean water. It’s called the Swell Actuated Reverse Osmosis System, SAROS, and it’s a way to remove the salt from saltwater using high-pressure pumps that can harness energy drawn from the vertical motion of waves. Thanks to SAROS, once undrinkable saltwater can have the salt removed so it can be consumed like any other glass of freshwater. Of course, the most interesting aspect of SAROS is how it uses the motion of waves to generate the energy to power itself. Here’s

http://uk.businessinsider.com/saros-relies-on-the-power-of-ocean-waves-to-create-drinking-water-2015-11

Rural Arizona county seeks help protecting water as Middle East farm companies arrive

Nov. 6, 2015 Leaders of a rural Arizona county want help from the governor and other state officials to protect their water supply as companies from the Middle East move to the state to grow alfalfa they intend to ship overseas to feed their cattle. Companies from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have bought thousands of acres of land in the Arizona desert for large-scale farm operations. China-based companies have done the same in other parts of the West. Some of the companies are moving to the U.S. and elsewhere after running low on water in the Middle East … County leaders are worried about the future water supply and believe the companies should pay more in property taxes and fees based on water depletion … Water users there must do little more than register the wells with the state and put the water to beneficial use, which includes farming. As a result, Scottsdale, Tucson and Phoenix have bought land in La Paz County in hopes of harvesting groundwater and sending it back to their communities through a canal system … That land can be worth millions — in part because of the water below.

http://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2015/11/06/arizona-county-aims-to-protect-water-as-foreign-firms-arrive

Beyond China, other Southeast Asian countries plan for significant hydroelectric additions

October 29, 2015 … China’s substantial development of hydroelectric power … has overshadowed the relatively large hydroelectric expansion plans of other Southeast Asia countries. Combined, the smaller countries of Southeast Asia plan to construct 61 gigawatts (GW) of new hydroelectric generating capacity through 2020. If all planned projects are completed, these countries will more than double their 2012 hydroelectric capacity … Many countries in Southeast Asia are planning to access the immense hydroelectric potential of the lower Mekong River, which flows through or borders China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam … Despite the strong electrification potential of these projects, there are major concerns about the environmental impacts of damming the Mekong River system and other rivers in Southeast Asia. An independent assessment prepared for the Mekong River Commission recommended a 10-year delay in the current hydroelectric project schedule to evaluate environmental concerns.

http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=23552

ZDF Planet e

18.10.2015 Flucht vor dem Klimawandel

http://www.zdf.de/planet-e/planet-e.-dokumentation-ueber-klimafluechtlinge-bzw.-umweltfluechtlinge-40546542.html

15.10.2015 Auf der Flucht vor Dürre, Stürmen und Wassermangel

http://www.zdf.de/planet-e/volker-angres-leiter-der-zdf-umweltredaktion-zu-klimafluechtlingen-bzw.-umweltfluechtlingen-40553212.html

20.09.2015 Das Armutszeugnis: Auf der Spur der UN-Millenniumsziele

http://www.zdf.de/planet-e/planet-e.-dokumentation-zu-den-un-milleniumszielen.-die-reichen-nationen-haben-den-armen-menschen-ein-versprechen-gegeben-die-millenniumsziele.-was-ist-aus-ihnen-geworden-carsten-behrendt-und-marcus-niehaves-begeben-sich-auf-spurensuche.-40110030.html

Turkey offers water to Greek Cyprus to contribute to peace on island

October 17 2015 … Turkey has officially begun to supply fresh water to Turkish Cyprus via a much awaited pipeline project, with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan saying the water may be shared with the Greek side of the divided island …

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-starts-supplying-water-to-turkish-cyprus-via-undersea-pipeline.aspx?pageID=238&nID=89997&NewsCatID=341

Bill Heffernan castigates all parties for ‚playing politics with water‘

15 October 2015 Liberal senator says promising farmers more water ‘is complete garbage’ unless the science is right: ‘Put the politics to bed, for god’s sake’ … has accused all parties – including his own – of “playing politics” with water policy and making promises to rural communities that were the equivalent to offering “free beer” because the science says they can never be delivered. Bill Heffernan gave the extraordinary spray in a Senate adjournment debate as the forecast “monster El Niño” and looming drought again catapults divisive water politics into the forefront of debate … Water is also a critical issue in South Australia, reliant on flows remaining in the system as the Murray reaches the sea …

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/oct/15/bill-heffernan-castigates-all-parties-for-playing-politics-with-water

How Israel Is Solving the Global Water Crisis

October 2015 … Israel could not have made the desert bloom without its incredible innovations in water technology. As the world becomes more aware of the importance of conserving water, they are turning to Israel for exports and expertise. The world is in a water crisis, one that will grow more severe in the coming decade … Though this water crisis overlaps with the more widely-discussed problem of climate change, it is different in many ways. It is more acute and more concrete … Its causes are less controversial. Its dimensions are more easily measured. And its catastrophic effects are playing out more clearly and more quickly. It is also a problem that can be decisively solved without anything remotely resembling the economic restructuring and political acrobatics required to address climate change. Fully effective solutions to the water crisis have already been found. They only need to be implemented. The world’s water problem is being caused by multiple simultaneous factors … None of these causes are going away. Solutions will come only from changing the way we find and use water. To make sure supply stays ahead of demand, we need to talk about where we get water, how we use it, and what happens to it afterwards. We need methods for procuring usable water, not just from lakes and rivers and rain, but also from the sea and our own waste. We need farming methods that use much less water, and better ways to prevent leakage and contamination. We need policies that encourage all of these things without undercutting economic growth and our way of life. If we had to start today, it would take decades to come up with the answers … But we don’t have to start today. All these solutions have been in the works for more than half a century … The country that has dedicated the greatest resources, innovation, and cultural attention to the problem of water scarcity is Israel. Founded on a dry strip of land smaller than New Hampshire, saddled with absorbing millions of immigrants, Israel has been worrying about water for a very long time. Today, it leads the way in solving problems of water supply, spearheading efforts to deal with water leakage, farming efficiency, recycling waste, desalination, pricing policy, and education. This has resulted in a water revolution unlike anywhere else on earth; a revolution not just of technology, but of thought, policy, and culture. For this reason, Israelis will be at the heart of any effort to solve the global water crisis … Israel has become a global leader in the water sphere, with water-tech exports reaching $2.2 billion in 2013 … But Israeli innovations in agriculture aren’t just about using less water; they’re also affecting which crops we grow. And that, it turns out, depends a lot on finding seeds that can use less fresh water to grow more food … Probably the most advanced system is employed by Hagihon, the public company that runs Jerusalem’s water system. With over 700,000 residents, Jerusalem has by far the largest population of any single city in Israel; Hagihon serves over a million Israelis. The holy city is especially challenging, with its mountains and valleys making water pressure unreliable. And as anyone who’s lived in Jerusalem knows, its residents aren’t exactly homogeneous. They are a cacophonic mix of secular-Israeli, ultra-Orthodox, and Palestinian Arab communities, meaning water use habits are highly inconsistent … In the last few years, Hagihon has hired a whole range of hi-tech companies to give Jerusalem one of the most advanced water systems in the world. The biggest problem is finding and fixing leaks. Every day, sensors in the pipelines, powered by little hydroelectric pinwheels, record the sounds of rushing water in 10-second increments. Then they transmit them, via the cellular network, to a central computer that analyzes the sounds and crunches the data—because it turns out flowing water in a pipe sounds different when there’s a leak. GPS-guided robots crawl through sewers looking for leaks, too. Hagihon can track down small leaks in the infrastructure and get them fixed well before they ever become big ones, saving a huge amount of water. Starting this year, they’ll be fixing leaks by injecting a special putty that plugs them automatically, like the can of foam you have in the trunk of your car to fix flat tires. So for the first time ever, leaks can be fixed without waiting for a team to dig a hole in the ground … But fixing leaks isn’t the only way Jerusalem uses high-tech to deal with its water issues. World-class cybersecurity experts protect the system from sabotage. In a computerized world, a single terrorist hacker could destroy a whole city’s water system by manipulating pressure levels or purification systems … How successful has Hagihon been? Successful enough to bring Jerusalem’s overall water losses down to around 11 percent, with more developed neighborhoods as low as 6 percent. By comparison, most European countries are around 20-40 percent. The state of California passed a law in 2009 mandating that its cities get the number down to 20 percent by 2020. Less developed countries suffer from a much higher rate of loss—in Cairo it’s around 60 percent—and the demand for Israeli knowhow is growing. Recently, Hagihon has added consulting to its portfolio, and has joined with two other companies, including another Israeli one, to revolutionize water technology in the city of New Delhi, whose population of 16 million people is twice that of Israel … All these methods point to the possibility that we can dramatically reduce our demand for water without sacrificing our way of life. But what if we could do more than that? What if we could get more water to begin with? Here, too, Israel is leading the way … Israelis, despite all their success in lowering demand, have grown so much in population and economic development that they now go through about the same 500 billion gallons per year that nature has given them. As the population and economy keep growing, they’re going to use a lot more. But they’ve long known this day was coming, and for decades they’ve been looking for answers. In recent years, they’ve made major breakthroughs, turning both seawater and sewage into something they can use … In the last decade, however, a country that until only a few years ago was floating the idea of importing water from Turkey on barges, has now fulfilled a dream nearly a century in the making: Water independence … Over the last 10 years, desalination plants using reverse-osmosis technology have sprung up around the world. What does this mean for the world? It means that, suddenly, water scarcity has become something you can solve simply and decisively. All you need is a coastline and a lot of money, but nothing beyond the financial capacity of any national government. For the cost of a few fighter jets, you can build a world-class RO plant and pump the water into the system. Suddenly, water has transformed from a problem of natural resources to a problem of finding the political will and the budget. Today any country that doesn’t have enough water has only its leaders to blame … Today, nearly half the water used for agriculture in Israel comes from highly treated waste. Yet in Siegel’s mind, the biggest single source of our global water crisis is not in the climate or the lack of adequate technology. It is, rather, in our own minds … The Israeli solution? Change the way water is priced. It’s something you learn about in an introductory economics course: In a free market, prices carry important information between producers and consumers, telling us when something is scarce, when we need more of it, and where … When government subsidies cause prices to be much lower, however, we lose that information and our behavior becomes distorted. Water costs money, but we act as though it doesn’t, and we waste it in huge amounts … The world may be full of water, but usable water for humans is not free. The costs of the human water cycle are enormous, a fact Americans are only now beginning to understand … Israel is the only country on Earth with something resembling real pricing for water use, and has proven that it’s possible to accelerate solutions through smart pricing. Yet while real pricing is new, the idea that water conservation is a state of mind goes back much farther, again dating to Israel’s early years. Live with an Israeli, and you’ll discover that water scarcity is deeply important to them. Here’s a fight I’ve had a bunch of times with my wife, in which I am obviously boneheadedly wrong: When I brush my teeth, I keep the water running the whole time. She stomps over and turns it off. “I’m still brushing!” I warble through the foam. But she is Israeli, and has learned from childhood that haval al kol tipa. Loosely translated, it means, “Every drop counts.” Every Israeli you meet has had it drummed into them that faucets shouldn’t be left on. Water conservation has been a part of elementary-school education in Israel for generations. In the 1980s, Israel became the first country on earth to mandate dual-flushing toilets, and every Israeli knows that you press a different button to flush after you pee. It’s just a part of the culture. Despite my strong belief that people and governments should take responsibility for preserving the natural world, I have never been an environmental activist. I do believe companies should be punished for polluting, and citizens should be taught to clean up after themselves. My problem has always been with the radicalism that defines so much environmental activism. It indulges in tiresome stereotypes about Western greed, storms the offices of the people and agencies who are often working to solve the very problems being protested, and builds narratives that inevitably cast anyone promoting economic growth as a villain. I find myself never quite trusting its data or its prescriptions or its predictions. It doesn’t help that the predictions rarely come true. The water crisis is different. This isn’t about blame. To the contrary, one of the biggest causes of the water shortage is the tremendous success that markets have had in bringing hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and into a lifestyle that consumes much more water. And it’s hard to blame subsistence farmers who are just following traditions and doing what they know. If you can boil the problem down to one sentence, it would be this: If every political decision-maker and major consumer on earth internalized the fact that usable water is a limited, quantifiable resource rather than just a gift from the heavens, the revolution would take hold … It’s also crucial that this battle for new thinking about water be kept separate from the larger, politically complex issue of climate change. While part of the water crisis is a result of it, and therefore subject to international power struggles and different attempts to assign blame, for the most part every nation can and should take responsibility for its own failures, because every country has the resources to fix the problem, if it has the will to do so …

http://www.thetower.org/article/how-israel-is-solving-the-global-water-crisis/

[Danke für diesen Hinweis nach Berlin-Mitte! J.B.]

Siehe auch:

Singapore and Israel show the world how to tackle dangerous water shortages

November 07, 2015 … The good news is that rapid improvement is possible. Just decades ago, Singapore and Israel faced profound water challenges. Yet both countries have driven sustainable growth in part by putting sound water management at the center of national policy …

http://qz.com/543392/singapore-and-israel-show-the-world-how-to-tackle-dangerous-water-shortages/

A Megacity Without Water: São Paulo’s Drought

Oct. 13, 2015 Drought and bad management mean São Paulo is running out of water …

http://time.com/4054262/drought-brazil-video/

Water rights pit growth against rivers

October 13, 2015 Water management across Washington has to change, according to the state’s Supreme Court. It ruled the Department of Ecology must protect river flows despite population growth … Regardless, the City will move forward and explore all options to continue to provide urban services to our citizens and meet our obligations under the Growth Management …

http://www.king5.com/story/tech/science/environment/2015/10/12/yelm-water-rights-farmer/73846116/

Danone und Nestlé verweigern Dialog zum nachhaltigen Umgang mit der Ressource Wasser

08.10.2015 … Offensichtlich ist das Thema heikel: Danone, der zweitgrößte Wasserabfüller der Welt, hat unsere Anfragen überhaupt nicht beantwortet. Und Nestlé verweigerte eine Stellungnahme zur übermäßigen Wasserentnahme in Kanada und Pakistan. Die Branche geht also auf Tauchstation? Permoser: Nein, soweit würde ich nicht gehen. Es gibt auch sehr ermutigende Beispiele: Coca Cola Icecek (CCI), ein türkischer Getränkeabfüller mit einem Einzugsgebiet von der Türkei über den Irak bis Pakistan, hat nicht nur am schnellsten, sondern auch mit einer fundierten Stellungnahme geantwortet. Grundsätzlich erkannten alle Unternehmen, die uns geantwortet haben, das Menschenrecht auf Wasser an. Allerdings greifen sie zu unterschiedlichen Maßnahmen, um dieses Recht umzusetzen …

http://www.finanznachrichten.de/nachrichten-2015-10/35190554-danone-und-nestle-verweigern-dialog-zum-nachhaltigen-umgang-mit-der-ressource-wasser-016.htm

Court blocks Obama’s water rule nationwide

10/09/15 A federal court ruled Friday that President Obama’s regulation to protect small waterways from pollution cannot be enforced nationwide … Waters of the United States has become one of the most controversial environmental regulations under Obama. Republicans, nearly 30 states and a wide range of business interests say that it is a major overreach of federal power, putting the EPA in charge of nearly every square inch of private and state land. The EPA and the Army Corps, which enforce the rule together, said it was necessary to clarify the federal government’s authority and ensure protection of small waterways that are connected to bigger ones, as called for under the Clean Water Act. The … decision means those small waterways will, for the time being, go without Clean Water Act authority. The stay is not the final word on the regulation, since the court still needs to go through the process of making a full ruling on it. After that, it can be appealed up to the Supreme Court.

http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/256493-court-blocks-obamas-water-rule-nationwide

Perth’s water worries: how one of the driest cities is fighting climate change

6 October 2015 From locating leaky pipes with acoustic listening to reusing wastewater, Western Australia’s capital is using technology to bridge the water gap … Western Australia’s Water Corporation, a government agency, works with every business in the state that uses more than 20m litres of water a year to make savings. The Water Efficiency Management plan, introduced as part of a range of mandatory water efficiency measures that apply to all sectors of the community, provides businesses with free training, help in data-gathering, and a certification scheme that allows them to promote themselves as water-conscious companies. If they don’t meet certain requirements, however, they are at risk of fines and will be ineligible for the recognition scheme. A total of 330 businesses have reportedly saved enough water to fill the equivalent of 20,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools since the Water Corporation started this project in 2007. Garden City Shopping Centre, for example, has started using acoustic listening equipment to locate pipe leaks, helping to reducing water use by 10%, while the Crown Promenade hotel has cut its water use by 25% by reducing the flow of its taps and installing dual-flush toilets, among other things, according to Water Corporation …

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/oct/06/perth-western-australia-drought-climate-change-water

Die Palästinenser haben mehr Wasser als je zuvor

Oktober 5, 2015 – Aufklärung eines populären Irrtums … Als Israel danach die Kontrolle übers Westjordanland übernahm, baute es zahlreiche Siedlungen und verband sie durch Pipelines, schloss die palästinensischen Städte und Dörfer entlang dieser Pipelines jedoch ebenfalls an fließendes Wasser an. Die zur Verfügung stehende Wassermenge stieg kontinuierlich an, und die Zahl der Orte mit fließendem Wasser erhöhte sich stetig. Im März 2010 gab es in 641 von 708 Orten eine kommunale Wasserversorgung, inzwischen sind 16 weitere Dörfer hinzugekommen. Stand heute haben 98,5 Prozent der Palästinenser im Westjordanland einen Wasseranschluss – das sind erheblich mehr, als es beispielsweise bei den Einwohnern in Syrien und Jordanien der Fall ist …

http://juedischerundschau.de/die-palaestinenser-haben-mehr-wasser-als-je-zuvor-135910220/

Ausgleich: Regenarmer Norden Bayerns bekommt Wasser aus dem Donauraum

04.10.2015 Auch in Zeiten des Klimawandels muss sichergestellt sein, dass der regenarme Norden Bayerns ausreichend mit Wasser versorgt wird. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, investiert der Freistaat auch zukünftig in einen großräumigen Ausgleich zwischen dem wasserreichen Donauraum und dem trockeneren Norden Bayerns …

http://www.wochenblatt.de/nachrichten/schwandorf/ueberregionales/Ausgleich-Regenarmer-Norden-Bayerns-bekommt-Wasser-aus-dem-Donauraum;art5580,329676

‚River from the Sky‘ brings life-changing water

2015/10/01 Leider keine Textkopien möglich J.B.

http://edition.cnn.com/2015/10/01/world/cnn-heroes-agrawal/

Tackling water challenges an ‘urgent task’ as world moves forward on Global Goals

27 September 2015 – United Nations Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson today urged swift action on the newly-adopted Global Goals directly related to the protection and equitable use of the planet’s precious water resources, as discussion continued at UN Headquarters on the post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda. … “Worldwide, water demand is projected to grow by over 40 percent by 2050 … Population pressures, climate change and energy and agricultural needs have made finding sustainable solutions to water-related challenges an urgent and crucial task for ever more regions in the world … The litmus test for this new agenda will be implementation … how to translate this vision into realities on the ground. Substantially transforming societies and economies requires political will, vigorous efforts, as well as ingenuity and innovation” … “Water must never be a reason for rivalry or competition,” he said. “Water must be a source of cooperation and of shared security and prosperity. Let us remember that water is our primary source of life. So this is also, fundamentally, an existential challenge and a moral obligation” …

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=51988#

California Water Crisis

BROWN IS THE NEW GREEN

Water plan proposal for endangered salmon – Farmers angry over new water plan

December 08, 2015 State water officials want to hold more water in Lake Shasta, so they can release enough cold water for the salmon in the dry summer months. But farmers are angry saying it could ruin our food supply …

http://abc7news.com/weather/farmers-angry-over-new-water-plan-proposal-for-salmon/1114968/

California’s priority should be water, not high-speed rail

November 22, 2015 What’s more important to you? Having reliable, clean and safe drinking water, or being able to catch a not-so-fast train between Los Angeles and San Francisco? In the midst of a record drought, to most Californians the answer is simple: Water is far more important than a botched bullet train. However, some elected officials don’t have their priorities in order. They believe spending money on a train to nowhere should take precedence over the needs of California families, food producers and workers …

http://www.sacbee.com/opinion/op-ed/soapbox/article45780555.html

Solutions to California’s Water Crisis Have Already Been Implemented Abroad

Nov. 20, 2015 Technology that can improve California’s drought resiliency, even without rain … The expanded reuse of treated wastewater is one of the most important solutions that California can capitalize on, according to dozens of expert who talked to NBC Bay Area. According to both California’s Water Resources Control Board and the independent, non-partisan Milken Institute of Jerusalem think tank, only about 7 percent of wastewater is reused in California. Scientists say hundreds of millions of gallons of treated wastewater are dumped into the ocean every day from California. While Gov. Brown issued an executive order that would fast-track permitting for water recycling facilities, and the $7.5 billion water bond calls for increased investment in the technology, the experts say California has a long way to go to catch up to a country like Israel. Israel recycles about 85 percent of all its water, sometimes for a second or third time. In addition, 60 percent of all crops in Israel are irrigated with recycled urban wastewater …

http://www.nbcbayarea.com/investigations/Solutions-to-Californias-Water-Crisis-352348071.html

California governor extends mandate to save water as state prepares for fifth year of drought

November 13, 2015 Gov. Jerry Brown … extended his executive order requiring Californians to conserve water as the state prepares for a fifth year of drought … The goal of this is not necessarily to deal with next year, but to recognize the fact that we may well be in our own millennial drought …The problem of this drought is it’s beyond anything in our experience …

http://www.startribune.com/governor-extends-california-water-saving-measures-in-drought/347977721/

Los Angeles considers officially ‚drought shaming‘ water violators

1 November 2015 City considers new measures against those who use more water than they should, including publicly naming and shaming perpetrators …

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/nov/01/los-angeles-california-drought-shaming

Siehe auch:

October 31, 2015 California drought: Will public shaming stop water-use violators? … more aggressively … aiming for a behavioral shift in water use via public shaming and hefty fines …

http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Society/2015/1031/California-drought-Will-public-shaming-stop-water-use-violators

October 31, 2015 California fines 4 water agencies $61K for waste

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2015/10/31/water-fines-california/74912138/

2.10.2015 Inspektoren und Nachbarn jagen Wasser-Sünder

http://www.nzz.ch/panorama/alltagsgeschichten/inspektoren-und-nachbarn-jagen-wasser-suender-1.18622890

October 30, 2015 Las Vegas outs its water hogs — at least when asked

http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-vegas-water-hogs-20151030-story.html

Oct. 29, 2015 More than 150 people charged with stealing water

http://www.wsbtv.com/news/news/local/exclusive-150-people-arrested-charged-stealing-wat/npByZ/

Could Solar Energy Be California’s Next Cash Crop?

October 30, 2015 Strapped by drought, farmers are increasingly sowing solar panels rather than seeds … All of that clean energy needs real estate, and farmers have land available. Now, almost a third of California’s big solar facilities—those capable of generating one megawatt or more—stand on croplands or pastures …

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/energy/2015/10/151030-farmland-agriculture-solar-energy-conversion/

Peter H. Gleick – Breaking Western Water Taboos

10/26/2015 The recent severe drought in the western United States and California in particular has shined a spotlight on a range of water-management practices that are outdated, unsustainable, or inappropriate for a modern, functional 21st century water system. Unless these bad practices are fixed, no amount of rain will be enough to set things right. Yet a discussion of many of these bad practices has been taboo for fear of igniting even more water conflict. Well, water conflict is here and no strategy that can fix our problems should be off the table. We have to move away from business-as-usual approaches … The good news is that there are still vast untapped opportunities for improving water-use efficiency, increasing stormwater capture, widening use of high-quality recycled water, saving ecosystems, and recharging overdrafted aquifers. But to do so requires that we can challenge long-held beliefs, assumptions, and taboos and that we replace our 19th century water institutions and 20th century decaying infrastructure with 21st century solutions. Anything less condemns us to perpetual water conflict rather than moving us along a path to a sustainable water future …

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-h-gleick/breaking-western-water-ta_b_8393592.html

Water and Power: Looking for drought solutions on other side of the world

October 26, 2015 …your guide to the California drought from the Los Angeles Times …

http://www.latimes.com/la-me-water-power-20151027-story.html

Lawmaker looks at proposal to ship water from Alaska to parched California

October 14, 2015 A proposal to ship 9 billion of gallons of water a year from Alaska to drought-plagued California caught the eye of U.S. Rep. Janice Hahn, D-Calif., who calls it "an idea worth exploring" … , Hahn said she arranged an exploratory meeting last week with Alaska Bulk Water CEO Terry Trapp, several California water officials and representatives from the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach … Trapp said his plan would bring water by tanker ships from Blue Lake in Sitka, where his company has rights to up to 9 billion gallons per year of what he described as "some of the most pure water on Earth" …

http://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2015/10/14/shipping-water-alaska-california/73934396/

Siehe auch:

October 9, 2015 North to Alaska for L.A.’s water?

http://www.latimes.com/opinion/editorials/la-ed-hahn-water-plan-20151009-story.html

October 25, 2015 Congresswoman wants to ship water from Alaska to end drought

http://twitchy.com/2015/10/25/congresswoman-party-of-science-calif-wants-to-ship-water-from-alaska-to-end-drought/

For growing numbers of California winemakers, a slightly-thirsty grape vine is ideal

Oct. 3, 2015 … Wine grapes, California’s No. 3 cash crop, in general are far less thirsty than the state’s No. 2 cash crop, almonds. But with 615,000 acres of wine grapes in production in California, wine industry trends in water use clearly have an impact on the overall water supply … To get the water right, more and more producers, including Mondavi, use a range of high-tech moisture sensors … Dry-farm and deficit growers believe deeper roots give the grapes their taste of terroir, or place. "We didn’t start dry-farming because of the drought, and when the drought’s over, we’re still going to dry farm," Leeds said. "It’s for the health of the vine, and I’ll go to bat against anyone over the health of the vine" …

http://www.usnews.com/news/us/articles/2015/10/03/more-california-winemakers-using-less-water-to-grow-grapes

«Wasser ist zu günstig»

23.10.2015 Kalifornien befindet sich in der schlimmsten Dürre seiner Geschichte, doch das Silicon Valley bietet kaum Lösungen für das Problem. Für Investoren sind Wassertechnologien offenbar zu wenig rentabel … Auch der Umstand, dass der Wassermarkt stark reguliert ist, schrecke Investoren ab, sagt Makower. Anders als etwa bei Solaranlagen könnten Haushalte nicht einfach Wiederaufbereitungsanlagen für Abwasser installieren. Die Technologien dafür gebe es bereits, doch die zahlreichen Auflagen schreckten Investoren ab. Ein weiterer Punkt ist, dass Investitionen in derart aufwendige wassersparende Innovationen nicht so schnell Gewinn abwerfen, wie es etwa bei Startups der Fall ist, die sich auf Videospiele oder Smartphone-Anwendungen konzentrieren. Bei letztgenannten Unternehmen können Geldgeber bereits nach drei bis fünf Jahren mit Gewinnen rechnen. Im Fall von Wassertechnologie-Firmen hingegen könne das bis zehn Jahre dauern …

http://www.nzz.ch/finanzen/aktien/wasser-ist-zu-guenstig-1.18634318

Der Oase geht das Wasser aus

21.10.2015 Staudämme und Aquädukte haben Kalifornien in ein künstliches Paradies verwandelt. Nach Jahren der Dürre verschärft sich der Verteilkampf um die knappe Ressource …

http://www.nzz.ch/nzzas/nzz-am-sonntag/der-oase-geht-das-wasser-aus-ld.2659

WASSERQUELLEN

UN-Water

Eliminating Discrimination and Inequalities in Access to Water and Sanitation

25.10.2015 Policy and Analytical Brief …

http://www.unwater.org/fileadmin/user_upload/unwater_new/docs/UN-Water_Policy_Brief_Anti-Discrimination.pdf

siehe auch:

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

The Right to Water and Sanitation Toolkit

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/ESCR/Pages/Water.aspx

stratfor

WATER SCARCITY – Examining Impacts Around the World

https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/515194/B2C_content/B2CWF1/Water_Scarcity-slideshare_-final.pdf

Danke für diesen Hinweis an einen Kameraden in der FüAkBw. J.B.

Compendium of Water Quality Regulatory Frameworks: Which Water for Which Use?

01.12.2015 Water quality issues are complex and dynamic in nature and need urgent attention and action. Improving efficiency of water use requires regulatory frameworks that better reflect how different water uses require different water qualities, such as water from industrial processes being reused in agriculture. Drafting regulatory instruments to better manage water qualities that are ‘fit for purpose’ can benefit from the wide range of standards and guidelines currently available. The Compendium contains a selection of recent water quality guidelines and standards for different uses. The immediate target group is public officials and regulators – decision makers at large …

http://www.unwater.org/fileadmin/user_upload/unwater_new/docs/Compendium%20of%20Water%20Quality%20-%20Main%20Report_4.pdf

Summary:

http://www.unwater.org/fileadmin/user_upload/unwater_new/docs/Compendium_of_Water_Quality_Summary_3.pdf

Mapping Choices: Carbon, Climate, and Rising Seas — Our Global Legacy

November 2015 … This report assesses and lists global nations and urban agglomerations at risk by projected total population exposure, percent exposure, and differences in exposure to locked-in long-term sea level rise under warming scenarios …

http://sealevel.climatecentral.org/research/reports/mapping-choices-carbon-climate-and-rising-seas-our-global-legacy

Karte:

http://choices.climatecentral.org/#12/53.5535/9.9922?compare=temperatures&carbon-end-yr=2100&scenario-a=warming-4&scenario-b=warming-2

Videos:

http://sealevel.climatecentral.org/maps/google-earth-video-global-cities-at-risk-from-sea-level-rise

Water Diplomacy

Issues of Complexity Science and Negotiation Theory

August 27, 2015 … Water access, demand, usage and management become complex due to the crossing of multiple boundaries: political, social and jurisdictional, as well as physical, ecological and biogeochemical. The complexity of many water issues lie in the interconnections and feedbacks among variables, processes, actors and institutions operating in the knowledge and political communities. Consequently, many water management issues become contingent due to the dynamic changes that occur in the knowledge and political communities as well as the interactions and feedback that operate within and between these two communities … This six-part series – Water Diplomacy: Issues of Complexity Science and Negotiation Theory – will introduce and exemplify foundational ideas from complexity science and negotiation theory to illustrate how WDF can connect theory and practice to resolve complex water problems …

http://blog.waterdiplomacy.org/2015/08/water-diplomacy-issues-of-complexity-science-and-negotiation-theory/

Exploring the interconnections and interdependencies at play in California’s water problem

September 1, 2015 … Multiple analyses of the problem have made demons and victims out of various sectors and stakeholders. However, complex relationships among contributors to the problem make it impractical to assign blame or attempt to find full resolution in a single sector. Conventional solutions that seek to “optimize” water use (in terms of dollars of value, pollution factor, or food calories grown per dollar, for example) lead to reductive analyses that ignore the interrelationships and second- and third-order benefits—and costs—of water uses and proposed solutions. Some outside parties have suggested that this is just a storage issue: more dams and reservoirs would solve the problems exacerbated by drought. These limited opinions highlight that while many in California see the complex interactions and connections between the interests of domestic, industrial, agricultural, and natural systems stakeholders, there are those who hold a singular perspective on the cause and solution to the current water shortage … A networked view of the system surrounding water in California is necessary to both understand and prescribe how decisions about sharing water are made, what criteria are considered in those decisions, and who does the deciding …

http://blog.waterdiplomacy.org/2015/09/exploring-the-interconnections-and-interdependencies-at-play-in-californias-water-problem/

Coping with Uncertainty and Feedback in the Nile Basin

October 6, 2015 … In complex scenarios such as the Nile case, high levels of uncertainty make fixed or optimized solutions impractical. “…[T]he option of optimal design is not available to mere mortals. The number of combinations of specific rules that are used to create action situations is far larger than any set that analysts could ever analyze even with space-age computer assistance” (Ostrom 2005, 31). Additionally, addressing questions about how much and what quality of water is needed—and how it should be distributed among the parties—is necessarily subjective, and changes with time. Achieving water security for the riparian countries of the Nile involves making judgments and tradeoffs among competing values while keeping equity and sustainability as guiding normative anchors. Actionable answers to these questions are not fixed, and will require analysis and process to arrive at contingent resolutions …

http://blog.waterdiplomacy.org/2015/10/coping-with-uncertainty-and-feedback-in-the-nile-basin/

Abbildung Nile Systems flows: http://blog.waterdiplomacy.org/blog2014/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/nile_flows_NBI_CEDARE_2012.png

Water-Alternatives

Virtual water and water footprints: Overreaching into the discourse on sustainability, efficiency, and equity

… In this paper, I describe why the notions of virtual water and water footprints are not appropriate for analysing issues pertaining to those topics. Both notions lack a supporting conceptual framework and they contain too little information to enhance understanding of important policy issues. Neither notion accounts for the opportunity cost or scarcity value of water in any setting, or the impacts of water availability and use on livelihoods. In addition, countries trade in goods and services – not in crop and livestock water requirements. Thus, the notions of virtual water and water footprints cannot provide helpful insight regarding the sustainability of water use, economic efficiency, or social equity. Gaining such insight requires the application of legitimate conceptual frameworks, representing a broad range of perspectives from the physical and social sciences, with due consideration of dynamics, uncertainty, and the impacts of policy choices on livelihoods and natural resources.

http://www.water-alternatives.org/index.php/alldoc/articles/vol8/v8issue3/298-a8-3-6

Groundwater as a source of conflict and cooperation: Towards creating mutual gains in a Finnish water supply project

Community planners, decision-makers and authorities frequently encounter conflicts revolving around natural resource management as well as around urban planning … our research investigates one contentious groundwater project in the Tampere Region in Finland. Conflict assessment clarified the divergent interests of the multiple parties. Drawing on negotiation theory, this study illustrates how polarised positions and competitive framing, as well as the influence of historical baggage, may form an insurmountable barrier to successful negotiation. While the acknowledgement of various interests should form the heart of the integrative negotiation process, excessive energy is used for argumentation to protect predefined goals with as minor concessions as possible. Addressing the collaborative approach, we suggest multiple ways towards creating mutual gains and cooperation in future water supply projects.

http://www.water-alternatives.org/index.php/alldoc/articles/vol8/v8issue3/295-a8-3-3

Deutsche Welthungerhilfe

Welthunger-Index 2015: Krieg und Hunger

12. Oktober 2015 …[S.30] … Zweifellos haben Anzahl und Schwere klimabezogener Katastrophen zugenommen (Guha-Sapir, Hoyois und Below 2014) … Vor allem bei der Betrachtung des Verhältnisses von Konflikten und Umwelt ist es wichtig, methodologisch sachlich zu bleiben. Bisher zeigt sich der Gesamtzusammenhang von Klimawandel, Hunger und Konflikten recht ermutigend. In den letzten 50 Jahren gingen Kriege und Hunger zurück, trotz des fortschreitenden Klimawandels und der zunehmend häufigen und verheerenden Naturkatastrophen. Auf Länderebene hat es – trotz Befürchtungen, das nächste Jahrhundert würde von „Wasserkriegen“ gekennzeichnet – in grenzüberschreitenden Flusseinzugsgebieten vom Indus bis zum Jordan sogar mehr Kooperationen als Konflikte gegeben (Islam und Susskind 2013). Ein Beispiel für diese positive Wende ist die Vereinbarung vom März 2015, in der sich Äthiopien, Ägypten und der Sudan über die Aufteilung des Nilwassers einigten …

http://www.welthungerhilfe.de/welthungerindex2015.html

EU-ISS

Climate and power: ending the oil age?

27 November 2015 Decarbonisation will not be easy. While necessary for the climate in the long run, working through the costs and benefits of going green now is a domestic economic challenge with strategic implications for the world’s leading powers. Each country thus approaches international climate talks with the goal of ensuring that they come out as far ahead as possible. As such, the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris is a key moment for developing an international framework for moving forward on climate issues. What factors will influence their efforts to cut out carbon and adapt to a changing planet?

http://www.iss.europa.eu/de/publikationen/detail/article/climate-and-power-ending-the-oil-age/

CSIS

Energy 101: Climate

Nov 20, 2015 … Climate change is an important issue today, touching on virtually all facets of policymaking ranging from transportation to urban planning to economic policy, electricity, and international affairs. This module provides an introduction to climate change, including background on the science of climate change, sources of greenhouse gas emissions, and climate change policy.

http://csis.org/files/publication/151120_climate.pdf

WATERWISE

bpb

Geschichte im Fluss. Flüsse als europäische Erinnerungsorte

Die Wolga: http://www.bpb.de/geschichte/zeitgeschichte/geschichte-im-fluss/210090/die-wolga

Video

Anote Tong: My country will be underwater soon — unless we work together

October 2015 For the people of Kiribati, climate change isn’t something to be debated, denied or legislated against — it’s an everyday reality. The low-lying Pacific island nation may soon be underwater, thanks to rising sea levels …

http://www.ted.com/talks/anote_tong_my_country_will_be_underwater_soon_unless_we_work_together

Danke für diesen Hinweis an einen Kameraden in der FüAkBw. J.B.

WASSERKUNST

Xanten – So kam das Wasser in Roms Städte

11. Dezember 2015 Die Kunst der Römer, qualitätsvolles Wasser über viele Kilometer in ihre großen und kleinen Siedlungen zu leiten, war bemerkenswert. Eine Ausstellung im Kellergeschoss des Xantener Römermuseums lässt die Besucher staunen …

http://www.rp-online.de/nrw/staedte/xanten/so-kam-das-wasser-in-roms-staedte-aid-1.5622393

400 Jahre alte Kirche taucht aus Wasser auf

19. Oktober 2015 Eine Dürre im südlichen mexikanischen Bundesstaat Chiapas ließ den Wasserspiegel um 25 Metern sinken. Und plötzlich taucht eine 16 Meter hohe Kirche auf. Dieses spektakuläre Ereignis ist jetzt für viele Touristen anziehend …

http://www.galileo.tv/earth-nature/400-jahre-alte-kirche-taucht-aus-wasser-auf/

Siehe auch:

October 16, 2015 Colonial-era church surfaces as drought lowers water level in southern Mexico reservoir

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/10/16/colonial-era-church-surfaces-as-drought-lowers-water-level-in-southern-mexico/

… dann war da noch:

151128 Stuttmann das_heisseste_jahr

… und noch der Wettbewerb: Wasser in der Zukunftsstadt

… Schülerinnen und Schüler ab der 7. Klasse … Bis 15. März 2016 um 23:59 … Eure Ideen, wie man die Wasser-Probleme lösen könnte, sammelt der deutschlandweite Wettbewerb des Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF): Ihr notiert eure Ideen und konkreten Lösungswege oder dokumentiert eure Experimente. Sprecht eure Lehrer oder Eltern an und fragt sie, ob sie euch unterstützen … http://www.wasserinderzukunft.de

Frühlingshafte Weihnachtsgrüße von der Elbe! … und einen hab‘ ich noch:

Das Weihnachtskonzert: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIu1IGcxg08

Jörg Barandat

editorial@waternews.de

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