Joerg Barandat: WATERINTAKE 5/2015

W A T E R I N T A K E

5/2015

Mai / Juni

30.06.2015

High-Level International Conference on the implementation of the International Decade for Action “Water for Life” (2005-2015)

6-7 June 2015 in Dushanbe.

http://waterforlifeconf2015.org/eng/

CONFERENCE PROGRAM

http://waterforlifeconf2015.org/eng/programma/

Statement by the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the Opening Ceremony

… Tajikistan initiated the International Decade of Water For Life to raise awareness and galvanize action … Here in Central Asia, and far beyond, pressures on water resources are building. Yet water also has the power to connect. It can be a source of cooperation – and from that cooperation even greater good can flow. Bringing people together around how they might share a scarce and precious resource opens the door to bringing them together around wider issues of peace and security. Here, we can prove that true. The countries of this region are interconnected by shared water resources. Yet these resources are limited. Strains will only increase as populations grow, standards of living rise, and climate change accelerates. I will never forget my visit five years ago to the Aral Sea. It is one of the worst manmade environmental disasters on earth … It is crucial to reach consensus over the management of trans-boundary water resources in Central Asia. The United Nations – led by our Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy — is committed to supporting Central Asian countries find durable and sustainable solutions, in close cooperation with the rest of the UN family. Climate change is intensifying the need for us to act … we have our chance this year. The international community has agreed to adopt a universal, meaningful climate change in Paris this December. I salute President Rahmon’s [Staatspräsident von Tadschikistan J.B.] orientation towards green growth. I am following with interest his proposal to launch a new International Decade for Action “Water for Sustainable Development,” which would complement and support the achievement of the proposed Sustainable Development Goals – or SDGs — for water. Water’s place in the SDGs go well beyond access — taking into account critical issues such as integrated water resources management, efficiency of use, water quality, transboundary cooperation, water-related ecosystems, and water-related disasters. Water, like other areas of the post-2015 development agenda, is intricately interconnected with other challenges. One vital connection is women’s empowerment. Around the world, when it comes to water, women and girls do most of the “heavy lifting”. The burden of gathering drinking water falls largely on them … As we forge ahead with the post-2015 development agenda, it is crucial to involve women in decision making at all levels to ensure access and sustainable management of water and sanitation …

http://waterforlifeconf2015.org/eng/statement-by-the-un-secretary-general-at-the-opening-ceremony-of-the-high-level-international-conference-on-the-implementation-of-the-international-decade-for-action-water-for-life-2005-2015/

weiter zum Thema Wasser in Zentralasien unter: WASSERQUELLEN.

9-10 June 2015 Declaration of the High Level International Conference on the implementation of the International Decade for Action “Water for Life”

… We acknowledge that much progress has been achieved during the Decade, particularly in terms of implementation of integrated water resources management plans, water cooperation, level of project implementation, the involvement of women as important stakeholders and the development of the global water community, and specifically on monitoring, private sector involvement, knowledge, advocacy, awareness raising, intergovernmental and interagency coordination in a UN context and stakeholder participation, which has been facilitated by improved knowledge and advocacy raising efforts on specific Decade themes … acknowledge that today the water community is less fragmented and more able to engage in a coordinated manner, but that there are several gaps, including, inter alia, the need to develop Water Efficiency Plans and to address emergent water issues such as water-related disasters and water environment problems including waste water management, that resulted from discussions about the implementation of the Decade from national, regional and global perspectives, as well as from discussions about progress and achievements, lessons learned and best practices … exhort the international community to promote green economy in a context of sustainable development and poverty eradication and identify solutions along the water-food-energy-environment nexus through multipurpose and integrated water resources planning and management that also takes mining, extractive industries and tourism into consideration, to better understand and work for common answers and results to handle scarce water resources … also acknowledge the importance of water cooperation across sectors and at all levels, including transboundary, as one of the conditions to achieve water related goals, socio-economic growth and prosperity and public health and the important role of multilateral and bilateral arrangements, basin institutions, including aquifers, and other cooperative institutional platforms to catalyze action … We acknowledge that governments have the responsibility to ensure the sustainable management of water resources while taking into account competing demands and the interests of other stakeholders; it is important therefore to encourage stronger dialogue, as appropriate, and meaningful stakeholder participation at the local, national and international levels with the involvement of all relevant stakeholders including women and children …

http://waterforlifeconf2015.org/eng/declaration/

WASSERSTANDSMELDUNGEN

Tap dance: Water’s effect on Arab-Israeli relations

June 21, 2015 … The dramatic increase in Israel’s water supply over the past five years has opened the way for potential cooperation with its thirsty Arab neighbors. With a surplus of water – and that includes last year, the driest here on record – the country is in a better position to share with Palestinians or Jordanians. “If Israel’s water economy was 2 billion cubic meters per year five to seven years ago, today it’s approaching 3 bcm, and that’s a game changer,” says Gidon Bromberg, Israeli director of EcoPeace Middle East, a group that promotes peace through environmental initiatives. “If in the past sharing the natural water more freely with the Palestinians would have meant that Israeli farmers would have seen a cut in water allocation, that’s no longer the case.” In March, Israel doubled its sales of water to Gaza from 5 million cubic meters to 10 mcm. It has the capacity to supply an additional 10.5 mcm. Also in March, Israel and Jordan agreed to a water swap, in which Israel will provide water to northern Jordan from the Sea of Galilee, which will help to alleviate the stress on Jordan’s resources caused by a massive influx of Syrian refugees. In exchange, Jordan will build a desalination plant in Aqaba to provide water to southern Jordan and Israel …

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2015/0621/Tap-dance-Water-s-effect-on-Arab-Israeli-relations

Israel Bets On Recycled Water To Meet Its Growing Thirst

June 21, 2015 Recycling sewage water has helped free Israel, a desert country, from depending on rain. Treated sewage water provides close to a quarter of Israel’s demand for water, right behind desalination, the other major process that has eased Israel’s fear of drought. But making that water — from toilets, showers, and factories — clean enough to use is challenging … At Hebrew University’s Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Chefetz studies the effect that elements from pharmaceuticals and personal care products in treated sewage have on soil and food when used for irrigation … There is a lot to learn, he says. "We have no idea what [are] the consequences," he says, if a child is continuously exposed to even tiny amounts of medications by eating carrots or cucumbers. He says it’s important to figure out what’s safe, because using treated sewage water is important. "I’m not saying we need to stop irrigating with treated waste water," he stresses, noting agriculture in Israel and other Mideast countries is dependent on this source. "We don’t want to stop irrigation, we want to continue, knowing that it’s safe."

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/06/21/415795367/israel-bets-on-recycled-water-to-meet-its-growing-thirst

Global water supplies are ‘in distress’

June 16, 2015 More than a third of the world’s biggest aquifers, a vital source of fresh water for millions, are “in distress” because human activities are draining them, according to satellite observations. Scientists from Nasa, the US space agency, and the University of California, Irvine, analysed 10 years of data from the twin Grace satellites, which measure changes in groundwater reserves by the way they affect Earth’s gravitational pull. “Twenty-one of the world’s 37 biggest aquifers have passed sustainability tipping points . . . they are being depleted” … “Over a third are so bad that they are experiencing exceptionally high levels of stress” … The results … show that the Arabian Aquifer System, an important water source for more than 60m people, is the most “overstressed” in the world. It is followed by the Indus Basin aquifer of India and Pakistan and the Murzuq-Djado Basin in northern Africa. California’s Central Valley, currently at the centre of a political battle over water rights, was classed as “highly stressed” and suffering rapid depletion — mainly for agriculture …

http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/51f8c3ec-1383-11e5-aa7f-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3dnGvZPos

[Danke für den Hinweis auf diesen Beitrag nach Berlin-Gendarmenmarkt. J.B.]

150517 Wolverton WaterMoney

150622 Gralund Pope Francis

More than a thousand attend Cork ‘burn water bills’ rally

Jun 6, 2015 A “Burn the water bills” protest in Cork city centre attracted over a thousand people on Saturday afternoon … Campaigners say that more than 1.5 million water bills have been sent out by Irish Water since early April. They believe that more than a million of these have since passed the due date for payment. More than 70 residents in the Glanmire area of Co Cork gathered last Wednesday night to show their support for the growing national boycott of the controversial water charge bill. They assembled outside Glanmire credit union last Wednesday to bin their water bills. The binned bills were brought to the rally yesterday where they were burned along with thousands of other bills. Also last Wednesday householders at Willowbank in Fairhill on the northside of Cork city prevented the installations of water metres by Irish Water workers.

http://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/more-than-a-thousand-attend-cork-burn-water-bills-rally-1.2240396

siehe auch:

Video Jul 1, 2015 Thousands march in anti-water charges protest in Dublin

http://www.irishtimes.com/news/environment/thousands-march-in-anti-water-charges-protest-in-dublin-1.2257402

Iraq says ISIS is using water as a weapon

June 4, 2015 Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants have reduced the amount of water flowing to government-held areas in Iraq’s western Anbar province … It’s not the first time that water has been used as a weapon of war in Mideast conflicts and in Iraq in particular. Earlier this year, ISIS reduced the flow through another lock outside the militant-held town of Fallujah, also in Anbar province. But the extremists soon reopened it after criticism from residents … The reduced flow of water through the militant-held dam on the Euphrates River will threaten irrigation systems and water treatment plants in nearby areas controlled by troops and tribes opposed to the extremist group, provincial council member Taha Abdul-Ghani told The Associated Press. Abdul-Ghani said there would be no immediate effect on Shiite areas in central and southern Iraq, saying water is being diverted to those areas from the Tigris River. The United Nations had said on Wednesday that it was looking into reports that ISIS had reduced the flow of water through the al-Warar dam. "The use of water as a tool of war is to be condemned in no uncertain terms," the spokesman for the U.N. secretary-general, Stephane Dujarric … "These kinds of reports are disturbing, to say the least." He said the U.N. and humanitarian partners will try to "fill in the gaps" to meet water needs for the affected population …

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/iraq-says-isis-reduced-water-flow-to-anbar/

siehe auch:

09.06.2015 Mit Überflutungen Krieg führen …Die Geschichte der Niederlande ist eine des Deichbaus und der Überflutungen. Das Wasser wurde dabei bisweilen als Waffe eingesetzt … Wasserkriege im Nahen Osten: Auch heute noch setzen Militärs und paramilitärische Gruppen auf Wasser als Waffe. Beim Vormarsch des Islamischen Staats im Irak beispielsweise setzten die Islamisten im letzten Jahr Überflutungen gezielt ein, um den Kampf um die Stadt Falludscha zu entscheiden. Zudem wurden Befürchtungen geäußert, die Terrormiliz könnte den kurzzeitig eroberten Mossul-Damm sprengen, um kurdische und irakische Einheiten zurückzuschlagen. Bereits zuvor hatte Saddam Hussein durch beabsichtigte Trockenlegungen der mesopotamischen Sümpfe versucht, die dort lebenden Schiiten zu vernichten oder zur Flucht zu zwingen. "Strategisches Fluten ist eine höchst riskante Taktik. Sie geht nur auf, wenn ein gut durchdachter Sicherungs- und Notfallplan damit einhergeht …

http://www.spektrum.de/news/wenn-mit-wasser-krieg-gefuehrt-wird/1349905

Videos: NASA water data shows overstressed basins across the world

http://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2015/0617/NASA-water-data-shows-overstressed-basins-across-the-world-video

Hamburg Wasser warnt vor TTIP

04.06.2015 Das städtische Versorgungsunternehmen Hamburg Wasser bangt wegen des geplanten Freihandelsabkommens TTIP um die Trinkwasserqualität für seine rund zwei Millionen Kunden. "Die Wasserversorgung muss absoluten Vorrang haben", sagte Geschäftsführer Michael Beckereit … Umweltstandards dürften nicht aufgeweicht werden. Beim geplanten Freihandelsabkommen mit den USA befürchtet der Versorger beim Einsatz von Pestiziden im Obstanbau eine Angleichung von Grenzwerten zum Nachteil Europas … Auch die Folgen des möglichen Frackings betrachtet Hamburg Wasser mit Sorgen … Auch dies könne die Trinkwasserqualität gefährden, so die Befürchtung …

https://www.ndr.de/nachrichten/hamburg/Hamburg-Wasser-warnt-vor-TTIP,hamburgwasser114.html

Wasting water is a luxury we can no longer afford

29 May 2015 … Every aspect of our lives has a water footprint: we need water to grow food, make clothes, build offices and homes, construct cars, and do and make almost everything else we come into contact with. You will never see or touch most of the water you are responsible for using: a kilogramme of beef has a water footprint of 16,000 litres; a cup of tea needs 35 litres. A sheet of paper has a footprint of 10 litres of water; and just one of the microchips in your laptop took 30 litres of water to make. A kilogramme of cotton comes with a water footprint of 10,000 litres, on average, though this figure varies according to where it comes from – cotton from India can “cost” up to 22,500 litres per kilo. Meanwhile, at home, you will use almost 190 litres for a five-minute shower, 10 litres to brush your teeth, and between 10 and 30 litres for each toilet flush. … Ever since the beginnings of agriculture, 12,000 years ago, humans have found new and ever-more-wasteful ways to use water to build their growing civilisations. Cities and empires have been built on diverting rivers and moving water over vast distances to feed crops and people in ever-growing numbers. Perhaps it was fine to waste water in 6,000BC when there were only a million people spread across our vast planet. Today, there are 7 billion of us hankering after the same level of resource. Most of today’s profligate water use occurs in the richer nations – the average American uses around 575 litres of water per day, while Europeans somehow manage on 250 litres per day. Compare that to more than a billion people in developing countries who have to make do with less than 19 litres each, and double that population who don’t have access to basic sanitation … Human societies, unfortunately, can no longer afford that same luxury.

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/may/29/wasting-water-luxury-shortage-four-billion-people

Nestlé und der Kampf ums Wasser

29.05.2015 Nestlé eckt mit seinen Geschäftsgebaren immer wieder an … Der Plan von Nestlé SA, Quellwasser im US- Bundesstaat Oregon abzufüllen, hat zu einem Kampf mit Umwelt- Aktivisten und Abgeordneten geführt. Ihrer Meinung nach sollte kein Unternehmen von den Natur-Ressourcen der Region profitieren, während sich die Dürre im Bundesstaat ausweitet … Eine Dürre hat den Westen der USA fest im Griff. Das rückt Quellwasserabfüller wie Nestlé und andere Unternehmen wie Starbucks Corp. ins Rampenlicht. Sie verkaufen Wasser aus einer Region, in der Landwirte dazu gezwungen sind, Felder brach liegen zu lassen. Einigen Bewohnern droht sogar eine verpflichtende Senkung des Wasserverbrauchs und Politiker erwägen sogar, mit Hilfe einer Meerwasserentsalzungsanlage den Pazifischen Ozean anzuzapfen …

http://www.bilanz.ch/unternehmen/nestle-und-der-kampf-ums-wasser-416811

Jemen: 16 Millionen ohne sauberes Wasser

26. Mai 2015 Im Jemen haben zwei von drei Menschen keinen Zugang zu sauberem Trinkwasser. Dies berichtet die Organisation Oxfam … befürchtet nun die Ausbreitung tödlicher Krankheiten … Laut der Hilfsorganisation Oxfam hätten andauernde Luftangriffe, Bodengefechte und Treibstoffknappheit dazu geführt, dass die Gesamtzahl der Jemeniten ohne sauberes Wasser auf mindestens 16 Millionen gestiegen sei. «Dies entspricht den Einwohnerzahlen von Berlin, London, Paris und Rom zusammengenommen» … Die Menschen würden gezwungen, Wasser zu trinken, das die Gesundheit massiv gefährde …

http://www.srf.ch/news/international/jemen-16-millionen-ohne-sauberes-wasser

Weite Teile der Rebellen-Gebiete offenbar ohne Wasser

25. Mai 2015 … Durch die Kämpfe in der Ostukraine ist die Bevölkerung in weiten Teilen der von Rebellen kontrollierten Gebiete offenbar ohne Wasser. Eine Hauptversorgungsleitung in die Region sei durch Kämpfe beschädigt worden, erklärte am Sonntag der Kiew-treue Gouverneur der Region Lugansk, Gennadij Moskal. Fast alle Dörfer und Städte seien betroffen. Eine konkrete Zahl nannte Moskal nicht. Auch machte er keine Angaben, wer für die Zerstörung der Wasserleitung verantwortlich ist … Moskal teilte über Facebook mit, dass die ukrainischen Behörden die zerstörte Hauptleitung nicht reparieren wollten. „Sie werden aber einem Reparaturteam der Separatisten den Zugang erlauben“ …

http://www.focus.de/politik/ausland/ukraine-krise/ukraine-krise-separatistenchef-bei-anschlag-in-der-ostukraine-getoetet_id_4703521.html

Staatlich verordneter Strom aus Wasser

24.5.2015 Um die Wasserkraft in der Schweiz steht es schlecht. Die Kantone schlagen nun vor, die Verbraucher mit einer Quote zum Konsum von Strom aus Wasserkraft zu zwingen … Die Idee wird kommenden Mittwoch von den zuständigen Ständeräten in der Kommission für Umwelt, Raumplanung und Energie (Urek) diskutiert. Im Grundsatz sollen die Stromkonsumenten zum Verbrauch von Strom aus erneuerbaren Energien gezwungen werden. An ihrer Stelle sollen deshalb die Stromversorger gesetzlich verpflichtet werden, einen Strommix aus erneuerbaren Energien wie Sonne, Wind aber auch Wasser anzubieten. Die Anteile der jeweiligen Energieträger werden über eine Quote gesteuert, die regelmässig erhöht wird; so lange, bis der Strommix im Jahr 2050 gemäss den Zielen der Energiestrategie zu 100 Prozent aus erneuerbaren Energien besteht … Mario Cavigelli (cvp.), Bündner Energiedirektor … «Niemand konnte damals ahnen, dass die Strompreise dereinst so verzerrt sein würden.» Damit spricht er vor allem den deutschen Ökostrom an, der stark subventioniert wird und deshalb extrem billig ist. Demgegenüber ist die Schweizer Wasserkraft nicht mehr konkurrenzfähig. «Rund 60 Prozent des Schweizer Stroms stammen aus Wasserkraft. Doch im Gegensatz zur Energie aus Sonne oder Wind wird sie nicht subventioniert … Es ist Zeit für gleich lange Spiesse unter den erneuerbaren Energien. Die Wasserkraft gehört hier auch dazu.» … die Verbraucher müssten einen Mix mit einem 60-prozentigen Anteil inländischer Wasserkraft anbieten. Dadurch würde die bestehende Wasserkraft wieder rentabel. Unter Energiepolitikern wirft indes genau dieser Punkt Fragen auf: Ist eine derartige Bevorzugung inländischer Wasserkraft mit EU-Recht kompatibel? Ja, sagt Mario Cavigelli und verweist auf ein Rechtsgutachten, das die Initianten des Quoten-Modells in Auftrag gegeben haben. Darin bescheinigen Spezialisten für Energierecht das Quotenmodell als EU-kompatibel, zumal ein ähnliches in Schweden angewendetes Konzept der aktuellen Schweizer Idee Pate gestanden hat …

http://www.nzz.ch/nzzas/nzz-am-sonntag/staatlich-verordneter-strom-aus-wasser-1.18548268

Detroit water shutoffs to begin Tuesday

May 24, 2015 The water department has delivered about 3,000 shutoff notices to households with delinquent bills since May 11, giving those customers 10 business days to make arrangements to pay their bill. Water shutoff crews will begin cutting service Tuesday to Detroiters behind on their bills while officials continue to debate possible water bill subsidies for those living in poverty … The latest crackdown is raising fears of a growing public health crisis. Thousands already are living in southeast Michigan without running water …

http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/detroit/2015/05/24/detroit-water-shutoffs-poverty-unpaid-bills/27852135/

Obama Plans New Rule to Limit Water Pollution

MAY 22, 2015 The Obama administration is expected in the coming days to announce a major clean water regulation that would restore the federal government’s authority to limit pollution in the nation’s rivers, lakes, streams and wetlands. Environmentalists have praised the new rule, calling it an important step that would lead to significantly cleaner natural bodies of water and healthier drinking water. But it has attracted fierce opposition from several business interests, including farmers, property developers, fertilizer and pesticide makers, oil and gas producers and a national association of golf course owners. Opponents contend that the rule would stifle economic growth and intrude on property owners’ rights.Republicans in Congress point to the rule as another example of what they call executive overreach by the Obama administration … “Water is the lifeblood of healthy people and healthy economies,” Gina McCarthy, the E.P.A.’s [Environmental Protection Agency] administrator, wrote in an April blog post promoting the water rule. “We have a duty to protect it. That’s why E.P.A. and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are finalizing a Clean Water Rule later this spring to protect critical streams and wetlands that are currently vulnerable to pollution and destruction” … The rule is being issued under the 1972 Clean Water Act, which gave the federal government broad authority to limit pollution in major water bodies, like Chesapeake Bay, the Mississippi River and Puget Sound, as well as streams and wetlands that drain into larger waters. But two Supreme Court decisions related to clean water protection, in 2001 and in 2006, created legal confusion about whether the federal government had the authority to regulate the smaller streams and headwaters, and about other water sources such as wetlands … the new rule will clarify that authority, allowing the government to once again limit pollution in those smaller bodies of water — although it does not restore the full scope of regulatory authority granted by the 1972 law …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/23/us/politics/obama-set-to-strengthen-federal-role-in-clean-water-regulation.html

EPA – Release Date: 05/27/2015: Clean Water Rule Protects Streams and Wetlands Critical to Public Health, Communities, and Economy …

http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/bd4379a92ceceeac8525735900400c27/62295cddd6c6b45685257e52004fac97!OpenDocument

BEZUGSDOKUMENTE: EPA – Clean Water Rule

http://www2.epa.gov/cleanwaterrule

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense

Factsheet: http://usarmy.vo.llnwd.net/e2/c/downloads/395791.pdf

Clean Water Rule …

http://usarmy.vo.llnwd.net/e2/c/downloads/395793.pdf

http://usarmy.vo.llnwd.net/e2/c/downloads/396061.pdf

siehe auch:

June 10, 2015 What the new clean water rule means for metro areas … In May, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) finalized a long-debated clean water rule to limit pollution in a variety of streams, tributaries, and wetlands. Aiming to clarify what types of waters receive protection under the 1972 Clean Water Act, the rule offers greater regulatory certainty concerning upstream resources—critical to water quality—and marks a departure from the time-consuming, case-by-case regulatory process currently in place. Not surprisingly, the new rule has triggered a national political firestorm focused on the measure’s legal jurisdiction and EPA’s potential overreach, issues previously raised in two Supreme Court cases, but more salient questions loom over the rule’s long-term environmental impact at the state and local level. The rule will also have a number of economic implications for developers, utilities, and farmers, among numerous other public and private actors …

http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/the-avenue/posts/2015/06/10-new-clean-water-rule-metro-areas-kane-puentes

06/10/15 Senators vote to block Obama’s water rule … A Senate committee voted along party lines Wednesday to overturn the Obama administration’s new regulation asserting control over small waterways like streams and wetlands …

http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/244525-senators-vote-to-overturn-obamas-water-rule

05/28/15 Democrats buck Obama on water rule … “The only people with reason to oppose the rule are polluters who want to threaten our clean water,” said Brian Deese, Obama’s top environmental adviser … Farmers and ranchers have been among the most vocal opponents of the water rule, saying it would mandate expensive permits and federal review for common agricultural tasks like digging ditches and spraying fertilizer …

http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/243299-democrats-buck-obama-on-water-rule

MAY 27, 2015 Obama Announces New Rule Limiting Water Pollution … Republican lawmakers are advancing legislation on Capitol Hill meant to block or delay both the climate and clean water rules … Speaker John A. Boehner, Republican of Ohio, called the rule “a raw and tyrannical power grab that will crush jobs,” adding, “House members of both parties have joined more than 30 governors and government leaders” to reject the rule …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/28/us/obama-epa-clean-water-pollution.html

Global Finance and Global Warming

MAY 22, 2015 – Since 2008, when the global financial crisis nearly brought down the world economy, financial reform has been among the top items on policymakers’ agendas. But, as leaders move from fixing the problems of the past to positioning the financial system for the future, they must also grapple with new threats to its stability, particularly those stemming from climate change. That is why a growing number of governments, regulators, standard-setters, and market actors are starting to incorporate rules concerning sustainability into the financial system. In Brazil, the central bank views the integration of environmental and social factors into risk management as a way to strengthen resilience. And in countries like Singapore and South Africa, companies listed on the stock market are obligated to disclose their environmental and social performance, a requirement that investors and regulators increasingly view as essential to the efficient functioning of financial markets … As the threat from climate change becomes more evident, financing the response to its impact will become increasingly important. Developed countries have committed to mobilize $100 billion in annual financial flows to developing countries by 2020, but much more is needed. Above all, it is essential to place the financing challenge posed by climate change within the broader context of the green economy and sustainable development. The task for those charged with governing the financial system is to enable the orderly transition from high- to low-carbon investments and from vulnerable to resilient assets. According to the New Climate Economy initiative, $89 trillion will be spent on global infrastructure investment by 2030 – with an additional $4.1 trillion needed to make it low-carbon and resilient … Promising avenues for international cooperation are now opening up. For example, the G-20 finance ministers and central bank governors have just asked the Financial Stability Board to explore how the financial sector could address climate issues. Actions such as these will not only strengthen climate security; they will also contribute to a more efficient, effective, and resilient financial system.

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/global-finance-global-warming-by-naina-lal-kidwai-and-nick-robins-2015-05

Security risks: The tenuous link between climate change and national security

May 21, 2015 … The White House’s report on the national security implications of climate change is actually pretty measured and largely avoids waving red flags, but it overstates for effect, as do the President’s remarks to the Coast Guard Academy. The report gets right the notion that climate change will hit hardest where governance is weakest and that this will exacerbate the challenge of weak states; but it’s a pre-existing challenge and almost all weak states are already embroiled in forms of internal war—climate change may exacerbate this problem, but it certainly won’t create it. The White House report also asserts a link to terrorist havens, and of course there are risks here—but it’s far from a 1:1 relationship, and there’s little evidence that the countries where climate will hit governance worst are the places where the terrorism problem is most serious. The report also highlights the Arctic as a region most dramatically effected by climate change, and that is true—but so far what we’re seeing in the Arctic is that receding ice is triggering commercial competition and governance cooperation; not conflict. The security challenge from the Arctic is modest: the climate challenge of melting ice caps and potential release of trapped greenhouse gases is potential very serious indeed. Then there are the domestic effects. The report highlights that the armed services may be drawn in more to dealing with coastal flooding and similar crises, and that’s a fair point—though it’s a National Guard point more than its an armed forces point. That is to say, it’s about the question of whether we have enough domestic disaster response capacity: an important question, not obviously a national security question … We need urgently to pivot our scientific establishment away from the now well-trod field of predicting temperature shift to getting a much more granular understanding about the ways in which changing temperature will affect water sources, agricultural productivity, biodiversity, and dramatic weather events. And we need to treat those who willfully deny science—in climate and other areas—as a serious threat to our nation’s future. I’m just not convinced that national security is the right or best way to frame the arguments and mobilize the America public’s will around this critically important issue.

http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/order-from-chaos/posts/2015/05/21-climate-change-national-security-jones

California Water Crisis

BROWN IS THE NEW GREEN

150408 Cagle Governor Brown saving water in the bathroom

150204 Granlund Calif. water curbs

Navy bases do their part to conserve water in California drought

June 27, 2015 … For the Navy, the future arrived in 2008 when then-President Bush signed an executive order mandating water reduction by federal agencies. The order was expanded by President Obama in March. Since 2007, water use has been reduced by 23% at the nine bases in California and one in Nevada that are managed by an admiral and other officials at Navy Region Southwest, with headquarters on the San Diego waterfront. At Naval Base San Diego, the most populous of the 10 bases, some 1.5 million square feet of landscaping was replaced by drought-resistant plants or artificial turf, or just allowed to turn brown …

http://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-navy-water-20150628-story.html

Is California trying to take our water?

June 27, 2015 … Republican Gov. Doug Ducey and Democratic Rep. Raúl Grijalva don’t agree on much, but both worry California could take Arizona’s water. The conservative governor and the liberal congressman say Arizona must be vigilant to ensure its drought-parched neighbor doesn’t use federal action to grab some of Arizona’s Colorado River supply … Collaboration between the states and between the U.S. and Mexico has helped Colorado River management for 15 years, increasing the reliability of everyone’s water supply, while starting to solve some of the river’s worst environmental problems, said Pitt, the fund’s Colorado River program director. “Creating winners and losers threatens that progress.” Most importantly, California already holds all the cards on water due to the 1968 CAP law, said Kenney and water researchers John Fleck in New Mexico and Brad Udall in Colorado. While Arizona worries about a theoretical risk from California, it actually should be more concerned about ongoing efforts by Colorado, Utah, New Mexico and Wyoming to build dams and other projects that would take more Colorado River water this state uses, said Kenney. Those states are targeting unused water they already have the legal rights to. California has the most to lose if the Colorado River compact issue goes back to Congress, said Fleck, who is writing a book on river management that’s scheduled to be published next year by Island Press …

http://tucson.com/news/local/is-california-trying-to-take-our-water/article_9f374f9e-5045-58b7-9e3b-3af65e86f4aa.html

Troubled Delta System Is California’s Water Battleground

JUNE 24, 2015 Fighting over water is a tradition in California, but nowhere are the lines of dispute more sharply drawn than here in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, a 720,000-acre network of islands and canals that is the hub of the state’s water system. Giant pumps pull in water flowing to the delta from the mountainous north of the state, where the majority of precipitation falls, and send it to farms, towns and cities in the Central Valley and Southern California, where the demand for water is greatest. For decades, the shortcomings of this water transportation system, among the most ambitious and complex ever constructed, have been a source of conflict and complaint …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/science/troubled-delta-system-is-californias-water-battleground.html

California Golf Trip Lands Obama in a Water-Use Debate

JUNE 21, 2015 … Amid this crisis, Air Force One banked out of a crystalline blue sky and landed in what boosters have long described as “America’s desert oasis.” Having already exercised for nearly an hour in the gym of the InterContinental Hotel in San Francisco, the president — wearing a striped shirt with sleeves rolled up, light trousers and brown shoes — jogged down the stairs and posed for pictures with Representative Raul Ruiz and his two infant daughters. He was then driven through blocked streets to Sunnylands, the former Annenberg estate where political leaders and celebrities have come to rest and meet for decades. The Palm Springs area has the highest concentration of golf courses in California, with 122 in the Coachella Valley, where Rancho Mirage and Palm Springs both sit, said Craig Kessler, the government affairs director for the Southern California Golf Association …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/22/us/california-golf-trip-lands-obama-in-a-water-use-debate.html

Videos:

June 17, 2015 U.S. cities running out of water

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2015/06/17/24-7-wall-st-cities-running-out-water/28790905/

June 16, 2015 California Water Cuts Leave City Days Away From Running Out Of Water

http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2015/06/16/california-water-cuts-leave-city-days-away-from-running-out-of-water/

Drought versus dollars: California’s wealthiest balk at water restrictions

June 18, 2015 A wealthy Californian recently stopped watering the lawn, removed all the flowers, and made plans to replace them with drought-resistant vegetation. The result? A citation from the homeowners’ association, demanding the household resume watering the grass and replant the flowers. Drought-resistant vegetation was rejected for violating the community’s "theme of luxury homes" …

http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/USA-Update/2015/0618/Drought-versus-dollars-California-s-wealthiest-balk-at-water-restrictions

Rich Californians balk at limits: ‘We’re not all equal when it comes to water’

June 13, 2015 Drought or no drought, Steve Yuhas resents the idea that it is somehow shameful to be a water hog. If you can pay for it, he argues, you should get your water. People “should not be forced to live on property with brown lawns, golf on brown courses or apologize for wanting their gardens to be beautiful,” Yuhas fumed recently on social media. “We pay significant property taxes based on where we live,” he added in an interview. “And, no, we’re not all equal when it comes to water.” Yuhas lives in the ultra-wealthy enclave of Rancho Santa Fe, a bucolic Southern California hamlet of ranches, gated communities and country clubs that guzzles five times more water per capita than the statewide average. In April, after Gov. Jerry Brown (D) called for a 25 percent reduction in water use, consumption in Rancho Santa Fe went up by 9 percent …

http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/rich-californians-youll-have-to-pry-the-hoses-from-our-cold-dead-hands/2015/06/13/fac6f998-0e39-11e5-9726-49d6fa26a8c6_story.html

siehe auch:

17.06.15 Stars verschwenden Wasser – ab an den Pranger

… was die "staatliche Wasserpolizei" mit ihrer Strafandrohung nicht schafft, könnten jetzt die Bürger über die sozialen Netzwerke erreichen. Auf Twitter und YouTube haben sie sich lose zusammengeschlossen und stellen die Wasserverschwender an eine Art Internetpranger … auch Kim Kardashian lässt ihr Anwesen … nicht durch die Macht der Natur verschandeln. Luftaufnahmen zeigen ihr Millionenanwesen weiterhin mit grünem Park und blauem Swimmingpool. Und auch wenn ihre Sprecherin behauptet, "Kim und Kanye würden die Dürre ernst nehmen", für die Nachbarn ist das Grün auf dem Grundstück der Stars "einfach ekelhaft". Doch die 1000 Dollar Strafe für die Wasserverschwendung stört eine Kardashian offenbar nicht. Wer dem Ehemann für 100.000 Dollar eine Geburtstagparty im Stapels Center schmeißt, wo eigentlich die Los Angeles Lakers spielen, und ihm als Geschenk einen Basketballplatz bauen lässt, dürfte über das Wasserticket eher lachen. Schwester Khloé bringt die Arroganz der Reality-Stars deshalb auf den Punkt: "Rasen ist grün, so ist das einfach, und so muss es sein" …

http://www.welt.de/vermischtes/article142659584/Stars-verschwenden-Wasser-ab-an-den-Pranger.html

Nudist resort owners charged with stealing water

06/13/2015 In a case that highlights growing tensions brought on by California’s drought, the owners and two resident-employees of the Lupin Lodge nudist camp have been charged with felony conspiracy for allegedly stealing water last year from a neighboring property to keep their parched resort open … The complaint … alleges that Glyn Stout, 77, his wife Lori Kay Stout, 53, Michael Buckland, 38 and John Berryessa, 49, piped water from Hendry’s Creek to the drought-affected, clothing-optional business despite numerous warnings to stop …

http://www.mercurynews.com/bay-area-news/ci_28302284/nudist-resort-owners-charged-stealing-water

siehe auch:

June 16, 2015 Skinny-dipping nudists accused of stealing water … The nipples may be free at Lupin Lodge, but the water isn’t …

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/06/16/in-drought-stricken-california-skinny-dipping-nudists-accused-of-stealing-water/

California Cuts Farmers’ Share of Scant Water

JUNE 12, 2015 … Farmers with rights to California water dating back more than a century will face sharp cutbacks, the first reduction in their water use since 1977, state officials announced Friday. The officials said that rights dating to 1903 would be restricted, and that such restrictions would grow as the summer months go on, with the state facing a prolonged drought that shows few signs of easing …

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/13/us/california-announces-restrictions-on-water-use-by-farmers.html

More California families look at in-home water recycling to save gardens, yards in drought

June 5, 2015 … Showering during California’s drought is a guilt-free experience for homeowners Catarina Negrin and Noah Friedman … are early adopters of a home plumbing do-over that’s becoming more popular during California’s record four-year dry stretch … while others think about hauling buckets to catch stray drips from their sinks and tubs, Negrin and Friedman can relax: Each gallon they use in the shower means another for the butterflies that duck and bob over their vegetable garden, for the lemon tree shading the yard, and for two strutting backyard chickens busily investigating it all … Recycling water at home is not as easy as just hooking your shower up to the lawn sprinklers, and recycled water probably won’t save the lawn … "Just like there’s no one sure way to fight the drought, there’s no one sure way for gray-water treatment," the state gray-water chief said. "Everybody has to look at all the options and figure out what works for them." Water from toilets is considered "black" water and sent straight to wastewater treatment plants. Many states also bar water from kitchen sinks, since homeowners may have contaminated it by washing raw meat. In California, homeowners are now allowed to irrigate with untreated water straight from bathroom sinks, washing machines and bathtubs, as long as — among other requirements — the water lines run beneath soil or mulch, so as not to come in contact with people. That rules out using untreated gray water on lawns, which typically need above-ground spray heads or sprinklers. Gray water can even go to vegetable gardens like Negrin’s and Friedman’s, as long as it doesn’t touch root vegetables or any other plant part that’s eaten. Tomatoes are fine, but forget about carrots … About 20 states now allow gray-water recycling, and around the country, Arizona has some of the friendliest laws. California still has more to do …

http://www.usnews.com/news/science/news/articles/2015/06/05/californias-drought-spurring-water-recycling-at-home

Farmer David ‚Mas‘ Masumoto’s drought insight: Less water yields more flavorful peaches

June 4, 2015 … My latest thing about the whole water situation is seeing this as an opportunity. Because it’s a driver of change, like sometimes natural disasters are. You know: out of a tornado, a town rebuilds itself as green. An earthquake happens and everyone realizes they have to bring things up to a seismic safety level … We’ve been experimenting with this petite peach method this year, where we’re cutting back water use 30%, 40%, 50% on some select areas of the orchard to see how it responds. Part of my thinking initially was: How much are we over-watering to chase a cosmetic quality? And it’s mainly size. Can you not grow a small, water-efficient peach that has just as intense flavor? And you can … They’re small this year, but, good god, the flavor is great. It’s fantastic. It’s probably the most intense I’ve ever had … If these peaches are naturally small, I don’t need to water them as much. Let me just grow them naturally. I realized, I don’t think these peaches want to be big. What’s the matter with that? That’s my breakthrough: Oh, my god, I may have been over-watering all these years. Why? Because we had access [to water]. It was cheap. It was supposedly free. And it’s not now.

http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-qa-peach-farmer-20150604-story.html

California water restrictions start Monday

June 1, 2015 … The state’s more than 400 water agencies don’t have to induce every customer to reduce water use by a specific amount, but they do have to ensure that overall water consumption goes down by the right percentage. If they don’t, they could eventually face fines of up to $10,000 per day … Here’s a summary of the steps already taken by local water providers: City of Coachella … City of Indio … Coachella Valley Water District … Desert Water Agency … Mission Springs Water District … Myoma Dunes Mutual Water Company …

http://www.desertsun.com/story/news/environment/2015/06/01/california-water-restrictions-start-monday/28310781/

California’s Drought Is So Bad, Thieves Are Now Stealing Water

05.29.15 Forget gold or cash, credit cards or gas: The hot new commodity in the land of drought is H20 … At least one managed to make off with a 500-gallon water tanker … “The drought is driving the price of water up and you’re starting to see people who are desperate for it willing to get it any way they can … We’ve had situations in the past where people have stolen from their neighbor’s houses when they’re gone to some folks who didn’t want to pay for the water and dug under the street and tapped into the main line” … If it’s not tankers being targeted by water bandits they’re certainly not shy to wrench water hydrants loose … M&M Truck & Trailer Repair had rented a truck to a contractor and the company’s driver was unlicensed. “We did observe this vehicle that was using a hose connected to the fire hydrant and our officers conducted a stop and investigated,” Sacramento police officer Justin Brown told The Daily Beast. Cops immediately impounded the vehicle, which had already been pumped more than three-quarters filled with pirated water before city officials swooped in …

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/05/29/california-s-drought-is-so-bad-thieves-are-now-stealing-water.html

Turning sewage into drinking water gains appeal as drought lingers

May 24, 2015 As the drought drags on, water managers and environmentalists advocate turning sewage into drinking water … But there’s just one problem — the "yuck factor" … Unlike nonpotable reuse — in which treated sewage is used to irrigate crops, parks or golf courses — direct potable reuse takes treated sewage effluent and purifies it so it can be used as drinking water. It’s a concept that might cause some consumers to wince, but it has been used for decades in Windhoek, Namibia — where evaporation rates exceed annual rainfall — and more recently in drought-stricken Texas cities, including Big Spring and Wichita Falls. In California, however, similar plans have run into heavy opposition … Instead of flushing hundreds of billions of gallons of treated sewage into the Pacific Ocean each year, as they do now, coastal cites can capture that effluent, clean it and convert it to drinking water … To be sure, it will be years, or even a decade, before direct potable reuse systems begin operation in California — if ever. One reason for this is that there is no regulatory framework for the approval of such a system … Potable reuse advocates insist the public’s distaste for the concept is based on ignorance. They note that more than 200 wastewater treatment plants already discharge effluent into the Colorado River, which is a primary source of drinking water for Southern California …

http://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-toilet-to-tap-20150525-story.html#page=1

California’s Drought: There Will Never Be Enough Water

5/24/15 These days, it seems everyone is looking for a silver bullet solution to California’s drought. Some advocate increasing supply through more storage, desalination or water reuse. Others propose controlling demand through conservation or restriction of water use by urban and agricultural users. Rarely do proponents of these single solutions seem to fully appreciate the complexity of California’s water situation. The fact is that in this large and semi-arid state, water is intimately tied to every aspect of life. Over time, we have consistently increased supplies while reducing demands to support a growing population and higher levels of agricultural commodity production … To understand California’s water situation, one must recognize a fundamental paradox: Enough will never be enough. We are a land-rich but water-limited state, and increased supply leads to more demand, which makes answers to California’s water challenges complex, involving a combination of policy, technology and conservation … Our abundant water supplies have helped create an incredible agricultural industry that leads the world in production. At the same time, given the size of the state, we will always have more land available to bring into production than we will have water to put on it … Accepting this fundamental paradox doesn’t mean that we should throw our hands in the air and do nothing—and in fact, we aren’t. We should be, and are, looking at augmenting supplies and increasing conservation efforts. We need to pursue all of these options in order to have healthy communities, healthy agriculture and a healthy environment. We also need to recognize, however, that these options will never fully eliminate future scarcity … Cities are striving for water independence. With conservation and supply augmentation through desalination and water reuse, the urban sector will continue to become more efficient and independent … Agricultural users will also continue to look at conservation and supply augmentation to increase resilience and even expand production. But, because there is a nearly endless supply of land to be brought into production, agriculture will face years of plenty and years of scarcity …

http://www.newsweek.com/californias-drought-there-will-never-be-enough-water-334993

siehe auch:

June 25, 2015 How A Historical Blunder Helped Create The Water Crisis In The West … In 1922, seven Western states — Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Wyoming and California — drew up an agreement on how to divide the waters of the Colorado River. But there was one big problem with the plan: They overestimated how much water the river could provide. As a result, each state was promised more water than actually exists. This miscalculation — and the subsequent mismanagement of water resources in those states — has created a water crisis that now affects nearly 40 million Americans …

http://www.npr.org/2015/06/25/417430662/how-a-historical-blunder-helped-create-the-water-crisis-in-the-west

California Drought: Delta farmers propose voluntary water cuts to avoid bigger pinch

05/20/15 Farmers in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta who have California’s oldest water rights are proposing to voluntarily cut their use by 25 percent to avoid the possibility of even harsher restrictions by the state later this summer as the record drought continues … Under the deal expected to be presented to state officials … farmers would either take less river water for irrigation or leave a quarter of their crops unplanted. If the state accepts the deal, Delta water managers say it may become a model for farmers throughout California who also are facing curtailments. It is difficult to predict how many farmers will participate … Those making the proposal are so-called riparian water rights holders, who have the oldest and most secure access to California rivers. The harsh drought has caused state officials to say they may start ordering even these rights holders to stop taking water. A coalition of Delta farmers and officials for the State Water Resources Control Board continue to work out the details …

http://www.dailynews.com/environment-and-nature/20150520/california-drought-delta-farmers-propose-voluntary-water-cuts-to-avoid-bigger-pinch

siehe auch:

05/28/15 California drought: Farmers’ ‘senior’ water rights under siege … “If we were designing the California water system today, it would look very different from what we had,” said Peter Gleick, co-founder of the Pacific Institute, an Oakland-based think tank that focus on water issues. “The system of senior water rights might have made sense 100 years ago,” he said. “But given our new realities, it is not going to work in the long run.” The current approach “neither protects the environment nor ensures efficient use of our limited water,” he added. “It just clarifies who was there first” …

http://www.dailynews.com/environment-and-nature/20150528/california-drought-farmers-senior-water-rights-under-siege

23.05.2015 Dürre in Kalifornien: Erste Bauern drosseln Wasserverbrauch um ein Viertel … Es ist ein ungewöhnliches Entgegenkommen: Eine Gruppe von Landwirten in Kalifornien hat sich angesichts der schlimmsten Dürre seit 1200 Jahren freiwillig bereiterklärt, ihren Wasserverbrauch im Sommer um 25 Prozent zu senken. Die Maßnahme beginnt im Juni … 4000 Bauern in der Delta-Region besitzen diese umfassenden Rechte zur Wassernutzung – entweder weil sie Anbauflächen haben, die an Flüsse und Wasserläufe angrenzen, oder weil ihre Wassernutzungsrechte bereits mehr als hundert Jahre alt sind. Einige stammen sogar noch aus der Zeit des kalifornischen Goldrausches …

http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/duerre-in-kalifornien-bauern-im-delta-verzichten-auf-wasser-a-1035275.html

May 21, 2015 As parched California digs deeper into water cuts, farmers with strongest rights offer deal … will affect those holding century-old water rights in the watershed of the San Joaquin River, which runs from the Sierra Nevada mountains to San Francisco Bay and is one of the main water sources for farms and communities … Farmers who hold longstanding claims to water because their land lies along the waterways of the Sacramento-San Joaquin river delta offered to voluntarily reduce their water use by a quarter … California’s water rights system is built around the claims staked in the 19th century. Nearly 4,000 companies, farms and individuals are first in line to receive water because they made claims to water before 1914 or have property touching a waterway …

http://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2015/05/21/california-water-cuts-move-to-those-with-century-old-rights

California’s Snowpack Is Now Zero Percent of Normal

May 29, 2015 California’s current megadrought hit a shocking new low … the state’s snowpack officially ran out … some measurable snowpack in the Sierra mountains usually lasts all summer. But this year, its early demise means that runoff from the mountains—which usually makes up the bulk of surface water for farms and cities during the long summer dry season—will be essentially non-existent. To be clear: there’s still a bit of snow left, and some water will be released from reservoirs … but this is essentially a worst-case scenario when it comes to California’s fragile water supply …

http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2015/05/29/california_s_snowpack_now_zero_percent_of_normal_a_worst_case_scenario_for.html

Locals question logic of building Dublin [California] water park in midst of historic drought

May 20, 2015 — Construction of a new water park in Dublin is drawing sharp criticism from some residents, who say it’s out of touch with California’s drought emergency, mandatory water cutbacks, and statewide conservation efforts … The aquatic center will require about 480,000 gallons of recirculating water … If the drought conditions continue, however, the District spokeswoman says there is no guarantee the city will be able to fill the pools when construction has been completed … The aquatic center is scheduled to open in early 2017 …

http://wn.ktvu.com/story/29109651/locals-question-logic-of-building-dublin-water-park-in-midst-of-historic-drought

California drought: People support water conservation, in theory

May 19, 2015 Californians widely support Gov. Jerry Brown’s call for mandatory water cuts amid the deepening drought, according to a new poll of state residents — but many don’t know if they can pitch in. The survey results .. show that while nearly two-thirds of respondents agree that water agencies should be forced to reduce consumption by an average of 25 percent, more than 4 in 10 homeowners say they don’t have the ability to cut back much. And 7 in 10 homeowners are alarmed by the prospect of higher water rates — a tool often employed by water managers to temper demand — saying hikes of 15 or 25 percent would be a serious problem …

http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/California-drought-People-support-water-6271681.php

California faces a tough test to tame its unquenchable thirst for water

15 May 21 In the fourth year of the most severe drought in state history, Californians are finally starting to turn away from arcane rules and practices that have allowed them nearly unlimited use of water since the era of the Gold Rush. This week, a group of farmers who enjoyed a riparian right to as much water as they needed from the San Joaquin River sought to strike a bargain with state officials: They would voluntarily cut the amount they use by 25 percent in exchange for keeping the remaining 75 percent for irrigation, even as the drought continues … The Golden State has been lax about its water use since it was founded in the mid-1800s … “We have a 21st-century water problem with 19th-century infrastructure, and . . . hundred-year-old water laws and water rights allocation,” said Peter Gleick, president and co-founder of the Pacific Institute, a nonprofit research and policy group based in Oakland. Across the state, a quarter of a million homes still lack meters, many in the dry Central Valley, Gleick said. Occupants of those homes pay a flat monthly fee for water — or nothing at all, in a few cases — because there’s no way to track how much they use … “It’s a historical artifact of when we had plenty of water, the way the state developed,” Gleick said. “Even with this waste, even with this inefficient system … everybody got the water they wanted. That’s no longer true” … The state is using a carrot-and-stick approach … As the state grew more serious about water conservation, Sacramento decided to rush to complete its meter installation project five years earlier than the original deadline of 2025 … Hopefully … the drought is a wake-up call to all Californians. “This has the possibility of being one of those moments you get that critical mass of attention and people’s behavior really starts to change … There might be a lifestyle change in California that’s more consistent with the area that we live and our available resources … Fifteen years from now, people might look back and say, ‘Isn’t it odd that we used to do things that way?’ ”

http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/california-utilities-face-a-tough-test-to-tame-an-unquenchable-thirst-for-water/2015/05/21/bb091a80-f335-11e4-bcc4-e8141e5eb0c9_story.html

WASSERQUELLEN

EUISS

A new climate for peace

… major new report, co-authored by the EUISS, highlights how climate change will drive security and fragility threats in the 21st century. The report was commissioned by members of the G7 and presented at the meeting of G7 foreign ministers on 15 April …

http://www.newclimateforpeace.org/

Der Wettlauf um Zentralasien und was Wasser damit zu tun hat …

CSIS

Central Asia in a Reconnecting Eurasia – Evolving Foreign Economic and Security Interests

Jun 18, 2015 … More than any time since the collapse of the Silk Road five centuries ago, today we have to focus on Eurasia as a whole. Over the past two decades, Eurasia has begun to slowly reconnect, with the emergence of new trade relationships and transit infrastructures, as well as the integration of Russia, China, and India into the global economy. Even as this reconnection is under way, the center of economic dynamism in Eurasia, and in the world as a whole, has increasingly shifted to the East. The impact of this shift is potentially enormous, but they remain poorly understood because of our tendency to limit analysis to a single country or region without the broader Eurasian space … the United States has a strong interest in developing economic and security ties with the states of Central Asia, and doing so in a way that is no longer driven by the exigencies of the war in Afghanistan, but is responsive to the needs and interests of the region itself, as well as enduring U.S. interests …

Leider sind in den pdf-Dokumenten alle Bearbeitungsfunktionen (auch Kopie von Textteilen) gesperrt … also – sorry – selber durchscannen. J.B.

Kazakhstan Water S.3, 12, 15ff

http://csis.org/publication/central-asia-reconnecting-eurasia-kazakhstan

Kyrgyzstan Water S.4, 7ff (auch Fergana-Becken), 13, 15, 30

http://csis.org/publication/central-asia-reconnecting-eurasia-kyrgyzstan

Tajikistan … sees opportunities in the expansion of its hydro-power sector …

Water S.4ff, 23, 26ff

http://csis.org/publication/central-asia-reconnecting-eurasia-tajikistan

Turkmenistan Water S.3ff

http://csis.org/publication/central-asia-reconnecting-eurasia-turkmenistan

Uzbekistan … is also main regional water consumer, a key player in Central Asias’s water management challenges … Water S.2ff, 16ff, 24, 42

http://csis.org/publication/central-asia-reconnecting-eurasia-uzbekistan

Hintergründe: CSIS – Eurasia Initiative

http://csis.org/program/eurasia-initiative

Congressional Research Service

Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

March 21, 2014 … The United States and others have urged the regional states to cooperate in managing their water resources … Regional cooperation remains stymied by personal leadership rivalries and disputes over water, borders, and energy … On the one hand, the Central Asian states have wrangled over water-sharing, border delineation, trade and transit, and other issues: Tajikistan’s relations with Uzbekistan have been problematic, including disagreements about water-sharing, Uzbek gas supplies, the mining of borders, border demarcation, and environmental pollution … In late 2010, Uzbekistan began a transit slowdown and other economic measures to pressure Tajikistan to halt building the Roghun power plant … In February 2014, Uzbekistan sentenced four citizens to 15-18 years in prison on charges of spying for Turkmen intelligence on water-supply, border security, and other issues … Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan possess the bulk of the region’s water resources, but in recent years both countries have suffered from droughts. Despite the region’s development potential, the challenges of corruption, inadequate transport infrastructure, punitive tariffs, border tensions, and uncertain respect for contracts and entrepreneurial activity have discouraged major foreign investment … Cotton-growing has contributed to environmental pollution and water shortages, leading some observers to argue that cotton-growing is not suited to the largely arid region. Tajikistan has alleged that Uzbekistan delays rail freight shipments, purportedly to pressure Tajikistan to halt construction of the Roghun hydro-electric power dam on the Vakhsh River, which Uzbekistan fears could limit the flow of water into the country …

https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33458.pdf

Höchst verwunderlich ist, dass weder in den EU-, noch in den U.S.-Papieren auf die Arbeit der OSZE in der Region und im Wassersektor hingewiesen wird. Das möchte ich hier mal nachholen:

Environmental Activities

http://www.osce.org/what/environmental

Governing Water – Preventing Conflicts

http://www.osce.org/water

Water Diplomacy

http://www.osce.org/secretariat/120614

“Water governance in the OSCE area – increasing security and stability through co-operation”, First Preparatory Meeting of the 23rd OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum, Vienna, 26-27 January 2015.

http://www.osce.org/secretariat/144136

Vor dem Hintergrund, dass Deutschland in 2016den OSZE-Vorsitz übernehmen wird, es eine von Deutschland in 2007 eingebrachte EU-Zentralasien-Strategie gibt und es mit der „Wasserinitiative Zentralasien“ / „Berliner Prozess“in der Region bereits präsent ist, ergäben sich für deutsche Wasserdiplomatiegroßartige Möglichkeiten, sich konstruktiv gestaltend in Zentralasien auszuwirken … wenn „man“ sich denn zu wollen traut …

150630 WATERINTAKE 05_2015.pdf

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Ein Gedanke zu „Joerg Barandat: WATERINTAKE 5/2015

  1. Pingback: Massenbach-Letter: NEWS 03/07/15 | Massenbach-Letter

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