Joerg Barandat: WATERINTAKE 07/2014 part 3

Filmtip: Virtuelles Wasser – die versteckte Wasserverschwendung

26.06.14 Deutschland ist eines der Vorzeigeländer, was Wassersparen angeht … trotzdem sind wir richtige Wasserverschwender: Mehr als 4.000 Liter Wasser verbrauchen wir am Tag, wenn man auch das sogenannte virtuelle oder versteckte Wasser einrechnet. Also das Wasser, das zur Herstellung von Produkten benötigt wird … BR-alpha “Faszination Wissen” fragt, was steckt hinter den Konzepten des virtuellen Wassers und des Wasserfußabdrucks …

BR-alpha 27. Juni 14 Reportage “Virtuelles Wasser – die versteckte Wasserverschwendung”, direkt zum Film:

Water Scarcity May Spark Geopolitical Conflicts

Jun 24, 2014 Water scarcity may spark geopolitical conflicts in such countries as those around the Tigris-Euphrates and Nile river basins, according to the World Water Council’s president. “Water and politics, they go hand-in-hand,” Benedito Braga said …“ With rivers that are shared by two or more countries, the severity of climate and the stress in water may lead to political instability.” There are already signs of transboundary water risks. Egypt opposes Africa’s largest power plant being built by Ethiopia, saying it will reduce the flow of the Nile needed by farmers, while the conflict in Syria has been exacerbated by groundwater depletion, drought and poor water management. Turkey received little snowfall at the start of the year, meaning it will likely use more water stored in reservoirs to irrigate crops. That may affect supplies downstream along the Tigris-Euphrates, where water quality and pollution are also issue … The water-stressed region around the Nile, which flows through 10 countries including Sudan, Ethiopia and Egypt, is another area of possible conflict … “These are examples of situations in which water resource management and water diplomacy will have to be exercised with care in order to minimize risk of other types of conflicts,” Braga said …

140505 Priggee Environment

The Limits of Climate Negotiations

JUN 23, 2014 – If the world is to solve the climate-change crisis, we will need a new approach … CO2 emissions are rising, not falling. The global oil industry is having a field day – fracking, drilling, exploring in the Arctic, gasifying coal, and building new liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities. The world is wrecking the climate and food-supply systems at a breakneck pace … “decarbonizing” the energy system is technologically complicated. America’s real problem is not competition from China; it’s the complexity of shifting a $17.5 trillion economy from fossil fuels to low-carbon alternatives. China’s problem is not the US, but how to wean the world’s largest, or second largest economy … off its deeply entrenched dependence on coal. These are mainly engineering problems, not negotiating problems … neither the US nor China is ready to sacrifice millions of jobs and trillions of dollars to do so. Indeed, the question is how to decarbonize while remaining economically strong. Climate negotiators cannot answer that question … Zero-carbon electricity is within reach. Solar and wind power can deliver that already, but not necessarily when and where needed. We need storage breakthroughs for these intermittent clean-energy sources. Nuclear power, another important source of zero-carbon energy, will also need to play a big role in the future, implying the need to bolster public confidence in its safety. Even fossil fuels can produce zero-carbon electricity, if carbon capture and storage is used … Technology offers new breakthroughs in energy efficiency as well. New building designs have slashed heating and cooling costs by relying much more on insulation, natural ventilation, and solar power. Advances in nanotechnology offer the prospect of lighter construction materials that require much less energy to produce, making both buildings and vehicles far more energy efficient. The world needs a concerted push to adopt to low-carbon electricity, not another “us-versus-them” negotiation. All countries need new, low-carbon technologies, many of which are still out of commercial reach. Climate negotiators should therefore be focusing on how to cooperate to ensure that technology breakthroughs are achieved and benefit all countries … yet it raises an important question: If we ask governments and scientists to cooperate on war technology, shouldn’t we do at least the same to save the planet from carbon pollution? … The point is that targeted and deep decarbonization is a job for all stakeholders, including the fossil-fuel industry, and one in which we must all be on the side of human survival and wellbeing.

Wasser-Mangel treibt Preise in den USA

22.06.14, 01:05 Der globale Kampf um das Wasser erreicht immer neue Dimensionen. Dürren und das Ausbleiben von Niederschlägen führen in den USA zum Wasser-Mangel. Obwohl die privaten Wasserversorger die Preise erhöhen, machen sie Verluste … Die anhaltende Dürre in den Südwest-Staaten Nordamerikas hat bei zahlreichen Wasserversorgern zu Finanzierungs-Lücken geführt. Nun wollen sie die Preise erhöhen, um jene Lücken wieder zu schließen … Die Wasser-Preise in den USA sind seit 2010 um 33 Prozent gestiegen … Doch nicht nur Privathaushalte sind betroffen. Landwirte müssen denselben Wasserpreis zahlen. Subventionen gibt es nicht. Das führt zwangsläufig zu einer Preis-Erhöhung von Lebensmitteln …

Water war bubbling up between California and Arizona

June 20, 2014 … The next water war between California and Arizona … it’s coming soon. “Nineteenth-century water law is meeting 20th-century infrastructure and 21st century climate change, and it leads to a nonsensical outcome.”- Bradley Udall, a senior fellow at the University of Colorado Law School … Overconsumption and climate change have placed the river in long-term decline … the rules governing appropriations from the river are unforgiving and don’t provide for much shared sacrifice among the states, or among farmers and city dwellers … The developing crisis can’t be caricatured as farmers versus fish, as it is by Central Valley growers irked at environmental diversions of water into the region’s streams. It can’t be addressed by building more dams, because reservoirs can’t be filled with water that doesn’t come. And it can’t be addressed by technological solutions such as desalination, which can provide only marginal supplies of fresh water, and then only at enormous expense. Nor can a few wet years alleviate the need for long-term solutions … Growth limits need to be enacted. Unlimited building and population growth cannot be sustained. Food production is essential and farmers need to utilize better water conservation methods. Growing rice (a huge water user) in CA is just plain stupid … What will be necessary is a fundamental reconsideration of 100 years of water-appropriation practices and patterns. Farmers, whose claims on Colorado river water are senior to all others, may have to give up, or sell off, some of their rights. Strict legal provisions that would turn whole swaths of the inhabited Southwest back into desert to slake the thirst of California cities will have to be reconsidered … What is certain is that the solutions will be complicated and contentious. The last major effort to settle legal rights on the Colorado River involved a sheaf of interstate and interagency pacts known collectively as the Quantification Settlement Agreement. The QSA was reached in 2003 and then litigated for the next 11 years. Last month a federal appeals court upheld the QSA against an environmental challenge, but that may not be the last word — a petition for rehearing is in the works, and a challenge in California state court is still alive. But they these efforts still don’t provide a framework for the future. "The arrangements in place right now are politically untenable," Udall says. But what can be done when the solutions are, too?

Follow Gujarat’s water management model: Centre to states

Jun 20, 2014 The NDA government has asked states to emulate the Gujarat water management model to address the problem of water scarcity. The Centre has forwarded a compact disc received from Gujarat government’s Water and Sanitation Management Organisation on the subject "The state-wide water supply grid" to the states to study how the BJP-ruled state managed the problem of water scarcity. "The CD gives an experience of the Gujarat government in development of a statewide grid for ensuring water supply to the state," said an official in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation …


Udo von Massenbach

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