Joerg Barandat, Hamburg – WATERINTAKE 05/2014

W A T E R I N T A K E

05/2014

Mai

27.05.2014

May 26th to 31st, 2014 in Dakar

5th Africa Water Week (aww-5): Placing Water at the Heart of the Post 2015 Development Agenda…

… The inclusion of access to water and basic sanitation as MDG targets within the Millennium Declaration in 2000 helped the world focus its attention … As related to water Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), several processes at regional and global levels are starting to converge towards a more holistic agenda for the post-2015, beyond Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) … prioritising water as a developmental goal in the post-2015 agenda becomes imperative … aww-5 will therefore place spot light … why a more holistic water agenda … is crucial for the post-2015 development framework … focusses on the Africa Water Vision 2025 … will utilize technical sessions and Sector / Stakeholder Forum in pursuit of achieving set objectives and actions …

http://www.africawaterweek.com/5th/

WASSERSTANDSMELDUNGEN

California’s Flawed Water System Can’t Track Usage

May 27, 2014 Call them the fortunate ones: Nearly 4,000 California companies, farms and others are allowed to use free water with little oversight when the state is so bone dry that deliveries to nearly everyone else have been severely slashed. Their special status dates back to claims made more than a century ago when water was plentiful. But in the third year of a drought that has ravaged California, these "senior rights holders" dominated by corporations and agricultural concerns are not obliged to conserve water. Nobody knows how much water they actually use, though it amounts to trillions of gallons each year, according to a review of their own reports by The Associated Press. Together, they hold more than half the rights to rivers and streams in California … With a burgeoning population and projections of heightened climate-related impacts on snowpack and other water supplies, the antiquated system blunts California’s ability to move water where it is most needed. When gold miners flocked to the West in the 1800s, the state drafted laws that rewarded those who first staked claims on the region’s abundant rivers and streams. Today, California still relies on that honor system, even during drought … More than half of the 3,897 entities with active senior and riparian rights to water are corporations, such as the state’s biggest utility, Pacific Gas & Electric Co. which creates hydroelectric power, and the Hearst Corp., which has water rights for its remote, Bavarian-style forest compound called Wyntoon. Also among the biggest rights holders are rural water districts and government agencies such as the water departments of San Francisco and Los Angeles. San Francisco, whose water rights date to 1902 when its mayor nailed a handwritten notice on a tree, also uses free Sierra Nevada water to generate power for its airport, schools and firehouses. This year, the state cut water deliveries to farmers and cities by 95 percent, and the federal government also imposed sharp restrictions on its water customers. But companies, farmers and cities with water rights that pre-date 1914 were exempt this year from mandatory cuts, even though they collectively are the biggest water users in the state …

http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/californias-flawed-water-system-track-usage-23877199

Das Wasser wird knapp

24.05.2014 Trotz seiner vielen Seen und Flüsse gehört Brandenburg schon jetzt zu den trockensten Gegenden in Deutschland. Der Klimawandel wird die Situation in den kommenden Jahrzehnten noch verschärfen … geht davon aus, dass sich die Durchschnittstemperaturen in der Region bis zum Jahr 2050 um rund zwei Grad Celsius erhöhen. Die Folge seien trockenere Sommer, etwas feuchtere Winter. Unterm Strich werde sich die ohnehin schon negative Wasserbilanz noch weiter verschlechtern. Bereits jetzt verdunstet in der Mark Brandenburg mehr Wasser, als Niederschläge fallen …

http://www.moz.de/lokales/artikel-ansicht/dg/0/1/1282322/

No irrigation water for marijuana crops, feds rule

21. 05.14 — Delivering a blow to pot growers in Washington state and Colorado, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation said … that it won’t allow any federally controlled water to be used on marijuana crops because Congress has banned the drug … The ruling makes clear that the Obama administration is willing to set limits on the states’ legalization experiments, even though the Justice Department said in August that it wouldn’t block their plans to tax and sell the drug. The decision might hit hardest in Washington state, as the federal agency controls the water supply for two-thirds of the state’s irrigated land … The Bureau of Reclamation had been studying the issue with the Justice Department since last month, after Revell and other local officials in Washington state and Colorado asked for a legal analysis. The Bureau of Reclamation is the nation’s largest wholesaler of water and a key federal agency in the West, best known for the dams, canals and power plants it’s built. Part of the Interior Department, it delivers water to more than 31 million people and to 1 out of every 5 Western farmers, contracting with local irrigation districts … Schreiber said he grew more than 100 crops on his farm, relying on water provided by the Bureau of Reclamation. While he hasn’t received his marijuana-growing license yet, he said he was expecting to get one. “If they tell me I can’t use bureau water, I will follow the rules because that’s what I do,” Schreiber said. “It is an inconvenience and just part of the cost of doing business.”

http://www.miamiherald.com/2014/05/20/4127277/no-irrigation-water-for-marijuana.html

Water Crisis Looms In Iran

May 19, 2014 … Warnings about water shortages are nothing new to Iranians, whose country is located in an arid and semi-arid region with little rainfall and frequent droughts. This year, however, officials have said the problem is particularly dire, warning that water shortages could affect up to half of the country’s population of 75 million. Climate change, population growth, mismanagement, wasteful irrigation practices, and the depletion of groundwater resources are among the reasons cited for the worsening situation not just in Tehran, but throughout Iran. Several bodies of water, including the Zayandehrood River and Orumieh Lake, have either shrunk or dried up as the result of drought and water diverted for agricultural purposes. On May 4, Iranian Energy Minister Hamid Chitchian was quoted by the state media as saying that water resources were in a condition that was worse than critical … In an effort to prevent the situation from worsening, officials have told residents in Tehran and other major cities to cut back on water use. On May 14, Tehran’s governor, Hossein Hashemi, warned that if citizens in the Iranian capital did not reduce their water consumption by 20 percent, water cuts and water rationing would be imposed. In early April, the CEO of Tehran’s regional water company, Khosro Erteqai, announced a "sharp drop" in water levels at two major reservoirs serving Tehran’s metropolitan area, which has a population of about 22 million. He warned that if citizens in the provinces of Tehran and Alborz did not cut back on consumption, authorities would be forced to reduce water pressure in pipelines to reduce supplies. Deputy Energy Minister Rahim Meydani has warned that Tehran, along with 10 major cities including Isfahan, Shiraz, and Yazd, are at risk of water shortages. Yet the warnings have apparently not had much effect on water usage … Gary Lewis, the United Nations resident coordinator in Iran, has called water management one of Iran’s biggest environmental challenges. Negin, meanwhile, says she’s hoping to see a change in people’s attitudes when it comes to conservation. "I hope people start to realize that it’s up to us to change our habits and be more mindful of the environment" …

http://www.rferl.org/content/iran-water-crisis-drought/25390465.html

Water shortage: Food crops under threat

May 18, 2014 The Indus River System Authority (Irsa) has projected 15% loss of water, which flows into the sea in the absence of adequate storage dams … a large quantity of water either goes into the sea or is lost due to an inefficient supply system. Though there are plans to build dams, no significant progress has been made so far … Energy crisis and water shortage are the looming threats for the agriculture sector, which may lead to food scarcity. Lately, farmers are facing water shortage due to reduced river flow following Indian attempts to build dams on rivers flowing into Pakistan … To make matters worst, Pakistan has lost cases against India in international arbitration tribunals on Baglihar Dam being built on Chenab River and Kishanganga hydropower project on Neelum Jhelum River. By building dam on Chenab River, India has stored 164,000 acre feet of water and has got control over water flow into the river …

http://tribune.com.pk/story/710008/water-shortage-food-crops-under-threat/

Toilet, water must in schools: Supreme Court

May 11, 2014 The Supreme Court has ruled that separate toilets for boys and girls as well as drinking water facility were integral to right to education and ordered that all schools, including those run by minority community, must make provision for them. A bench of Justice … said separate toilets and drinking water facilities "are essential for basic human rights that enhance the atmosphere where the education is imparted. It can also be put in the compartment of basic needs and requirements in schools … We fail to appreciate the AP [Andhra Pradesh] government’s explanation. When the young children go to school and they do not have essential facilities, drinking water and separate toilets and the requisite teaching and non-teaching staff who impart education subject-wise, in our considered opinion that would be causing a dent in the system of imparting education" …

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Toilet-water-must-in-schools-Supreme-Court/articleshow/34945462.cms

Water crisis fast becoming an existential threat

May 10, 2014 Experts call for treaty with Afghanistan to prevent future conflict between the two countries on Kabul River … Pakistan’s water crisis is now at par with terrorism in terms of being an existential threat to the country’s security. This was the major concern raised by respondents, interviewed for Jinnah Institute (JI)’s latest research report titled ‘Pakistan’s Water Discourse: Attitudes on Water Management Practices’ … According to the report, insufficient water storage capacity has greatly impacted the availability of water … On the subject of trans-boundary water sharing, a majority of interviewees felt that the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) had stood the test of time and largely served to protect Pakistan’s interests. However, they also expressed a dire need for a framework or treaty with Afghanistan to prevent future conflict between the two countries on the Kabul River …

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/national/10-May-2014/water-crisis-fast-becoming-an-existential-threat

siehe auch:

http://jinnah-institute.org/jinnah-institute-report-launch-pakistans-water-discourse-2/

BEZUGSDOKUMENT:

http://jinnah-institute.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/water-report-final-06.pdf

Das Wasser wird knapp

09.05.2014 Der Klimawandel führt zu längeren Trockenperioden. Zwei Regionen sind besonders gefährdet … Sachsen muss sich auf einen umfassenden Wandel seines Klimas einstellen. Die Erwärmung hat bereits jetzt Folgen für den Wasserhaushalt. Extremereignisse, teilt das Landesamt für Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Geologie mit, häufen sich. Dazu zählen Fluten, vor allem aber langanhaltende Niedrigwasserperioden. Flüsse können zumindest zeitweise versiegen, der Grundwasserstand sinkt … warnt allerdings vor Panikmache. Trinkwasserknappheit wird es nach seiner Einschätzung nicht geben. Unter anderem deshalb, weil der Verbrauch angesichts sinkender Einwohnerzahlen ohnehin geringer wird. Ohnehin sind die Sachsen deutsche Sparmeister beim Wasserverbrauch. Zu DDR-Zeiten betrug dieser rund 200 Liter pro Tag, jetzt sind es 85 und damit deutlich weniger als im Bundesdurchschnitt (130) … Schwierigkeiten … für die Elbschifffahrt. „Wir werden an mehr Tagen Niedrigwasser haben.“ Zudem erhöhe sich die Wahrscheinlichkeit von Fluten. Auch dann sei die Elbe für Schiffsverkehr nicht nutzbar … Besonders stark werden der Klimawandel und die damit verbundene Trockenheit im Freistaat voraussichtlich in der Lausitz und in Nordsachsen zu spüren sein … Dort könnten kleinere Flüsse wie etwa die Parthe vorübergehend austrocknen …

http://www.sz-online.de/sachsen/das-wasser-wird-knapp-2834855.html

Water rationing begins in Venezuela amid drought

May 08, 2014 … In deeply polarized Venezuela even the rain can set off political fighting. As the country’s dry season extends longer than normal, the water level at one of the three reservoirs ringing Caracas has fallen to near record lows. That prompted authorities on Wednesday to begin implementing a rationing plan that will leave some of the capital’s 6 million people without water for as many as three days a week. The government said the emergency plan is needed to confront a severe drought … But opponents of the socialist government said President Nicolas Maduro and not mother nature is to blame. Carlos Ocariz, mayor of the capital’s Sucre district, said there hasn’t been a single reservoir built during 15 years of socialist rule. Instead of waiting for storage ponds to dry, the government should have implemented a less burdensome, water-saving plan months ago … Water shortages are nothing new in Venezuela, especially in poorer neighborhoods that lack proper urban planning …

http://www.businessweek.com/ap/2014-05-08/water-rationing-begins-in-venezuela-amid-drought

Water worries, unlike water itself, rising in southern Utah

May 07 2014 Southern Utah continues to get the short end of the water stick. After a strong start in the first few months of the water year (which begins Oct. 1), the state’s southern reaches have seen limited precipitation … The water left in the remaining snow in four areas has not reached into the 30 percent of normal range … "Northern Utah is still doing relatively well," wrote Randy Julander, Utah’s snow survey supervisor. "Conditions from Highway 6 south are deteriorating quickly. South of Interstate 70 conditions are extremely poor." Despite the low numbers in the south, the statewide average numbers range to the more comfortable side. Snowpack across Utah was 83 percent of normal, precipitation in April was 76 percent of normal and soil moisture was at 77 percent. "Water users with reservoir storage may have short supplies this year across much of the state," according to the report, "and those reliant on direct stream flow will experience shortages."

http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/news/57915423-78/percent-utah-normal-precipitation.html.csp

Egypt seeks talks, not conflict, over Ethiopian dam

May 15, 2014 — Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy said he will continue to pursue “meaningful negotiations” with Ethiopia and Sudan to resolve the Nile water crisis involving Ethiopia’s controversial Renaissance Dam … “Our goal is not to enter into a conflict,” Fahmy told Al-Monitor … he was awaiting Ethiopia’s response to initiating “fast-paced negotiations” and warned that Egypt will turn to the international community should it get the cold shoulder from Addis Ababa … Al-Monitor: Relations with Ethiopia remain tense as a result of the Renaissance Dam issue. What are the new steps that Egypt intends to take toward solving this crisis? Are there still chances for Egypt to safeguard its water quota, or did the Egyptian administration reach a dead end in this regard? Fahmy: Our goal is not to enter into a conflict, as much as it is to begin negotiations with the other two parties: Ethiopia and Sudan. But, we continue to await Ethiopia’s response considering the discussions that I held with their foreign minister last month. If that response is positive, then we will begin fast-paced negotiations to attain solutions. In the absence of a response, our only option is to explain our position to the international community and emphasize the danger of failing to reach an agreement concerning Egypt’s water interests and the lack of legal conventions governing the management of transboundary rivers. Moreover, we must raise the issue of our reservations pertaining to details associated with the dam, such as its size, environmental effect, consequences upon water security and water management. We affirm that we seek, first and foremost, to initiate meaningful negotiations with Ethiopia and Sudan and that none of the parties’ interests can be achieved in the absence of solutions that satisfy us all. Al-Monitor: As part of its international efforts to halt the construction of the dam, did Egypt try to put an end to international funding earmarked for the Renaissance Dam? Fahmy: I prefer not to discuss what we did or did not do. However, I would like to focus on our efforts to explain the situation and its repercussions on Egypt as well as to affirm our desire to enter into meaningful negotiations with the Ethiopians and Sudanese, for that is the only possible way out …

http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/05/egypt-foreign-minister-fahmy-renaissance-dam-roadmap.html

NBI [Nile Basin Initiative] and Chinese delegation discuss future partnerships

08 May 2014 A delegation of 18 Chinese led by Ms. Wu Lin, Environment Advisor, Department for International Development China, visited the NBI Secretariat in Entebbe – Uganda on 7th May, 2014 as part of their ‚China-Africa Transboundary Waters Study Tour‘ … The NBI discussed with the Delegation future planned projects to be undertaken between NBI and shared experience based on the MoU signed in September 2012 between NBI and the Government of China ("The Chinese Institutes, Gansu Academy for Water Conservancy, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology of China Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany of China Academy of Sciences, Space Star Technology Co., Ltd, Tongji University Lanzhou University etc under the Ministry of Science and Technology) for Technical Cooperation on Sustainable Water Resources Management for Nile Basin …

http://www.nilebasin.org/index.php/news/87-delegation-from-china-visits-nbi-secretariat-to-discuss-future-partnerships

WASSERQUELLEN

WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP)

2014 Update: Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation

08.05.2014 … As we approach the Millennium Development Goals deadline, the lessons, successes and remaining challenges are becoming increasingly clear. This report highlights what we have achieved on water and sanitation, and where we need to accelerate efforts. The good news is that since 1990 well over 2 billion people have gained access to improved sources of drinking water, and 116 countries have met the MDG target for water. Almost 2 billion people gained access to improved sanitation and 77 countries have met the MDG target. More than half the world’s population, almost 4 billion people, now enjoy the highest level of water access: a piped water connection at their homes. But much remains to be done. More than 700 million people still lack ready access to improved sources of drinking water; nearly half are in sub-Saharan Africa. More than one third of the global population – some 2.5 billion people – do not use an improved sanitation facility, and of these 1 billion people still practice open defecation …

http://www.unwater.org/fileadmin/user_upload/unwater_new/docs/jmp.2014_eng.pdf

Water Lines: A brief history of Colorado water

May 23, 2014 The history of the Colorado River mirrors the history of the American West. Competing water uses from the Colorado River system have defined Colorado history for more than 100 years. As people around the state discuss how to manage water resources into the future, it is instructive to look back at the formation of the practices that govern allocation of the state’s water … The legal right to divert and use water in Colorado has been deliberated and defined from before the time of statehood in 1876. As stated in the state Constitution, “Prior appropriation shall give the better right as between those using the water for the same purpose …” This is the basis for the first in use, first in right doctrine of water appropriation, which is one of the legal foundations upon which water is managed in Colorado. The Colorado Water Conservation Board (CWCB) oversees water issues in the State of Colorado, and the Colorado Division of Water Resources administers water allocation in accordance with court decrees and state legislation. The State Engineer’s office has maintained meticulous records on water usage, diversions and streamflows for many years. Two-hundred professional staff members work together to administer Colorado’s water according to the doctrine of prior appropriation, state law, water court decrees and interstate compacts … The Colorado River Compact is the ruling document that was established after long negotiations between the seven states along the Colorado River in 1922. After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the waters of the Colorado River would be governed according to the Doctrine of Prior Appropriation, the Upper Basin states (Utah, New Mexico, Wyoming and Colorado) became concerned that the Lower Basin states (California, Arizona and Nevada) would be at an unfair advantage if this doctrine was applied across state lines due to the Lower Basin’s more rapid development of water resources. As a result of complex negotiations between the states in a forum called the Colorado River Commission, the elements of the famous Colorado River Compact were forged between the seven states along the Colorado River system … In 1944, a treaty was signed with Mexico providing our neighbor to the south with 1.5 million acre feet annually from the Colorado River system … In 1902, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) was created. Ever since, the USBR has been coordinating the planning, construction and implementation of numerous water diversion and storage projects in the western United States. Irrigation projects throughout the West are based on contracts between the water users and the USBR. Hydro-electric power revenues are used to offset some of the costs of irrigation projects and repayment contracts. The USBR manages existing water reservoirs in the Colorado River System that were constructed with federal financing … Over the past 100 years, the history of water in Colorado has helped shape the “Law of the River” throughout the Basin and our state. How we manage, conserve, store and distribute water will remain one of Colorado’s most pressing policy challenges, with implications beyond our borders …

http://www.postindependent.com/news/grandjunction/11483847-113/colorado-river-basin-state

This is part of a series of articles coordinated by the Water Center at Colorado Mesa University in cooperation with the Colorado and Gunnison Basin Roundtables to raise awareness about water needs, uses and policies in our region. To learn more about … go to www.coloradomesa.edu/WaterCenter

Brookings

PlanetPolicy

A blog exploring environment and natural resources policy—from climate change to energy to water, and from the local to the national to the global …

http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/planetpolicy

Five Key Takeaways from the United States National Climate Assessment

May 9, 2014

1. Warming has been driven by human activity …

2. Climate change impacts are happening now …

3. Climate change impacts will continue into the future …

4. Climate change will adversely affect the economy and quality of life …

5. Vulnerable regions and sectors will be disproportionately affected …

http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/planetpolicy/posts/2014/05/09-united-states-national-climate-assessment-langley

… und weiter war da noch:

140514 Crowe ClimateChangeDenial

… und bei der Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung gibt’s für 1,50€ + Porto:

Quer zum Strom – Eine Streitschrift über das Wasser

Ist Wassersparen sinnvoll? Welchen Wert hat Trinkwasser hierzulande und weltweit? Das Buch hinterfragt den Umgang mit Wasser in ökonomischer und ökologischer Hinsicht. Es möchte ein Bewusstsein dafür schaffen, dass und was sich in Bezug auf das nasse Element weltweit ändern müsste …

http://www.bpb.de/shop/buecher/schriftenreihe/182109/quer-zum-strom

… Danke für diesen Hinweis an einen meiner Kameraden im Fachbereich! J.B.

Beste Grüße von der Elbe

Jörg Barandat

editorial@waternews.de

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