|W A T E R I N T A K E
… The specter of "water wars" has been raised periodically, but this is a simplistic, or brutish, framing of what is, in reality, a complex, subtle, and layered dynamic, which is more often not about physical confrontations between societies, as it is about ensuring the ability of a society to stabilize and prosper based on its access to a constant and abundant supply of potable water … Water and power issues become the key concems in any natural or cyber disaster … The fundamental architecture for social stability and recovery, then, becomes the delivery of potable water for consumption and for new agricultural approaches … will be the need to see the hydrological space at sea and on land, and, indeed, in outer space- in its totality, and how we can create forward-looking, holistic strategies to get past the present reactive approaches …
Gregory R. Copley
Defense & Foreign Affairs‘ Strategic Policy, 2/2014 [siehe unten: WASSERQUELLEN]
||22.03.2014 WWD 2014
World Water Development Report
Water and Energy
21.03.2014 Water and energy are closely interconnected and highly interdependent. Choices made and actions taken in one domain can greatly affect the other, positively or negatively. Trade-offs need to be managed to limit negative impacts and foster opportunities for synergy. Water and energy have crucial impacts on poverty alleviation both directly, as a number of the Millennium Development Goals depend on major improvements in access to water, sanitation, power and energy sources, and indirectly, as water and energy can be binding constraints on economic growth – the ultimate hope for widespread poverty reduction. The Report provides a comprehensive overview of major and emerging trends from around the world … is the first that follows the new “formula” agreed by UN-Water in 2012 … Starting in 2014, the theme of the World Water Development Report and that of World Water Day will be harmonized in order to provide a deeper focus and in-depth analysis of a specific water-related issue every year.
Volume 1: Water and Energy
Volume 2: Facing the Challenges
IPCC Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
31 March 2014 In recent decades, changes in climate have caused impacts on natural and human systems on all continents and across the oceans. Evidence of climate-change impacts is strongest and most comprehensive for natural systems … Impacts from recent climate-related extremes, such as heat waves, droughts, floods, cyclones, and wildfires, reveal significant vulnerability and exposure of some ecosystems and many human systems to current climate variability (very high confidence). Impacts of such climate-related extremes include alteration of ecosystems, disruption of food production and water supply, damage to infrastructure and settlements, morbidity and mortality, and consequences for mental health and human well-being. For countries at all levels of development, these impacts are consistent with a significant lack of preparedness for current climate variability in some sectors … Freshwater-related risks of climate change increase significantly with increasing greenhouse gas concentrations (robust evidence, high agreement) … Climate change over the 21st century is projected to reduce renewable surface water and groundwater resources significantly in most dry subtropical regions (robust evidence, high agreement), intensifying competition for water among sectors (limited evidence, medium agreement). In presently dry regions, drought frequency will likely increase by the end of the 21st century … (medium confidence). In contrast, water resources are projected to increase at high latitudes (robust evidence, high agreement). Climate change is projected to reduce raw water quality and pose risks to drinking water quality even with conventional treatment, due to interacting factors: increased temperature; increased sediment, nutrient, and pollutant loadings from heavy rainfall; increased concentration of pollutants during droughts; and disruption of treatment facilities during floods (medium evidence, high agreement). Adaptive water management techniques, including scenario planning, learning-based approaches, and flexible and low-regret solutions, can help create resilience to uncertain hydrological changes and impacts due to climate change (limited evidence, high agreement) … A large fraction of both terrestrial and freshwater species faces increased extinction risk under projected climate change during and beyond the 21st century, especially as climate change interacts with other stressors, such as habitat modification, over-exploitation, pollution, and invasive species (high confidence) …
… und passend zum Thema:
140331 Tomicek Weltklimabericht
140402 Stuttmann Windenergie
12. April 2014 14. Lange Nacht der Museen
… Der Transport von frischem Trinkwasser und von Abwasser, das zum Klärwerk geleitet werden muss, geschieht nahezu unsichtbar; fast alle großen und kleinen Rohre liegen unter der Erde. Nur ein Neubau oder eine Reparatur gibt einen Blick in die Unterwelt frei. Das WASSERFORUM zeigt – ganz ohne Bagger –, wo sich welche Leitungen verbergen. Und noch viel mehr. Folgen Sie dem Wasser: vom Brunnen bis in die Elbe. Anlässlich der Langen Nacht öffnet HAMBURG WASSER die Pforten zum Siel-Einstiegshäuschen am Vorsetzen. Erstmals kann dort ein wiederentdeckter Raum besichtigt werden, der Kaiser Wilhelm II. als Ankleidezimmer dienen sollte …
Die Entdeckung der Unterwelt
11.04.14 … Drei Jahre haben Planung und Bau der neuen, 520.000 Euro teuren Ausstellungserweiterung im "WasserForum" gedauert. Nun, rechtzeitig zur langen Nacht der Museen, präsentiert Hamburg Wasser das ansonsten eher nachrangig behandelte Thema Entsorgung auf einer ganzen Etage im hauseigenen Museum. Denn während Abwasser für gewöhnlich beim Betätigen der Klospülung das Höchstmaß an Aufmerksamkeit genießt, steht es hier auf 150 Quadratmetern im Mittelpunkt. Das unappetitliche Kapitel der Wasserentsorgung wird in Form leicht verdaulicher Wissenshäppchen serviert. Im neuen Ausstellungsbereich werden die Geschichte und der Weg des Hamburger Abwassers plastisch nachgezeichnet. Von den Anfängen der Kanalisation in der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts unter Ingenieurlegende William Lindley bis zur gegenwärtigen Komplettverwertung des Klärschlamms. Besucher können durch zwei Meter hohe Siele gehen, die Perspektive einer Kanalratte im Angesicht eines Kamerawagens einnehmen und die Funktionsweise eines Saugspülwagens am Modell verstehen. Wie weit reicht der Saugrüssel? Warum braucht man unterschiedliche Spüldüsen? Und wie entsteht eigentlich ein Rohrbruch? … ist der Bereich besonders eindrücklich, der zeigt, was in Klärwerken mitunter aus dem Abwasser gezogen wird. All die Gebisse, Turnschuhe, Ausweise, Löffel und Brillengestelle würden sich nämlich ohne moderne Filtertechnik irgendwo im Flussbett ablagern. Nun sind sie Teil einer Ausstellung und dort wesentlich besser aufgehoben.
… Norddeutschlands umfassendste und zugleich modernste Informationssammlung über die Wasserversorgung und die Abwasserentsorgung sowie die damit verbundenen Themen …
California water plan unveils hardships to come as drought persists
Apr. 9, 2014 … As California’s drought stretches toward the hot summer months, state and federal officials are planning extraordinary measures to protect drinking water supplies and endangered Sacramento River salmon … The “Drought Operations Plan” was released by the state Department of Water Resources and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, which operate the primary systems of water reservoirs and canals in California … Among other things, the plan calls for further loosening of water quality rules in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, allowing the agencies to keep river flows low to preserve as much water as possible in upstream reservoirs, especially Shasta Lake … The plan does not increase water delivery allocations previously forecast for agricultural and municipal agencies throughout the state. Many urban agencies served by DWR, for example, are still being told to expect “zero” water deliveries from the State Water Project this summer. That could change, thanks to recent storms, with a new forecast later this month, but officials were careful not to raise hopes …
04/09/2014 State and Federal Officials Release 2014 Drought Operations Plan …
Sunita Narain: Coal politics in an unequal world
print edition Apr 15, 2014 Australia is a coal country. It is big business—miners are important in politics and black gold exports dominate the country’s finances. But dirty and polluting coal evokes emotions in environmentally concerned people. Coal-based power provides 40 per cent of the world’s electricity and emits one-third of global carbon dioxide, which is pushing the world to climate change … Anti-coal groups, largely led by big US NGOs, are on a warpath to stop the use of coal in our part of the world, as they believe we can make the transition to cleaner energy sources like solar and wind. We should not make the mistakes of the rich world; we should not add to the climate change problem because we want cheaper energy from coal. Furthermore, they argue that the real cost of coal is very high in terms of health and environment … Anti-coal groups have bullied the World Bank into agreeing that it would not fund coal-based power in developing countries. Last week, US President Barack Obama became their star campaigner as he persuaded his Dutch counterpart, Prime Minister Mark Rutte, to join the US-led effort to end public financing of coal-fired plants abroad. What is my position as an Indian environmentalist? … We have pushed policy to … take careful and cautious decisions on clearance of coal mines and, most importantly, to heed the voices of communities when they protest mining in their backyard. This … will reduce the availability of domestic coal and will increase the cost of energy as plants depend on imported coal. In addition, we want stringent standards on pollutants from coal, including mercury. We also want all industries … to pay for the real cost of raw material, including water. All this will make coal-based thermal power more responsive to environmental safeguards and local concerns and make clean fuels more competitive … I do not accept the assumption that countries like India, with huge unmet power needs, can make a transition to renewables so that we replace coal in the short run … India needs to massively increase its power generation and make sure that the cost is affordable to the poor … it is clear that we need to aggressively push renewables … But we must also recognise that this will be expensive. The objective is to do what the rest of world has not: reach the poor, not rich, with relatively more expensive power. But even after doing all this and more, it is also a fact that India will remain dependent on coal for the coming years … The fact is that coal is still the mainstay of energy production in most parts of the rich world. The only countries, which have weaned themselves away from coal, are those that use nuclear on a large scale (like Sweden and France) or those with natural gas (like the US and large parts of Europe). The hard inconvenient truth is that the US President is an anti-coal campaigner because his country has now options of large finds of shale gas. It is gas versus coal, not climate concerns versus coal. It is now convenient for him to be green and to preach to the world. The fact also is that shale and natural gas are not necessarily clean or green. Gas is also a fossil fuel, and even though its carbon dioxide emissions are lower than that of coal, there is huge uncertainty about methane emissions from gas. Therefore, transition to gas from coal is not even an intermediate solution to countries, which should be reducing their total emissions in the interest of climate change. While countries like India need atmospheric space to grow, countries like the US and Australia and even Europe have exhausted their claim to the common atmospheric space. They have to make the transition, not to shale, but to solar. Not tomorrow but today. But this is not what global NGOs are screaming about. The rich have not reduced their carbon footprint by reducing consumption. As yet, it is only a game of switching from dirty to not-so-dirty fuels. In this view, the poor in the world have to take on the burden of climate change by moving to renewables and reducing consumption. This is the definition of justice in the rich man’s world.
Record low wheat output expected in Syria as drought looms
14 April 8 – Syrian wheat production is estimated at 1.7 mln to 2 mln metric tonnes, which would be a record low, amid a "looming drought" in the country’s northwest breadbasket … United Nations‘ World Food Programme “… is concerned about the impact of a looming drought hitting the northwest of the country – mainly Aleppo, Idlib, and Hama, with rainfall less than half of the long term average (since September) and potentially major impacts on the next cereal harvest," spokeswoman Elisabeth Byrs told a briefing. "A drought could put the lives of millions more people at risk" …
Iran’s Water Crisis Threatens its Future
April 06, 2014 A looming water crisis in Iran has officials warning of water rationing for the capital Tehran … the head of Tehran’s regional water company … saying water levels at the four reservoirs that serve Tehran are at a critical level … if residents of Tehran and nearby provinces do not reduce their consumption “we will have a problem”… if water consumption is not cut back they will consider options such as scheduling water outages for high consuming households, and lowering water pressure in Tehran’s pipeline network that serves an estimated 22 million people … The deputy head of Iran’s water and sewage company recently warned that “500 cities in Iran are facing a water crisis” … Iran’s energy minister Hamid Chitchian said the country’s water supply has dropped by 20-percent over the past year … UN officials say dust from dried up rivers and lakes is already contributing to air pollution levels in Iranian cities, four of which are classified belonging to the 10 most polluted cities in the world … In March officials decided to raise water prices by 20-percent … more than 70 percent of Iran’s precipitation evaporates and … 50 percent of Iran’s water supply … comes from fast-shrinking underground water supplies which have been poorly managed … former Agriculture minister Issa Kalantari … that Iran’s water crisis is more of a threat to the country than “Israel, America or political infighting” among Iran’s political classes.
Water option plugged
Apr 3, 2014 New Zealand’s first environmentally sustainable public "third pipe" scheme, planned to serve thousands of homes with recycled storm water, has been plugged. Rain falling on Stonefields – a redevelopment of a former East Auckland quarry – was to be fed to a storm water retention pond and treated to feed a plumbing network to toilets and garden taps … the decision was intended "to protect public health – treated storm water would not meet New Zealand’s drinking water standards and Watercare’s A Grade for water supply could be jeopardised by operation of the third pipe system" …
Water Returns to Arid Colorado River Delta – A U.S.-Mexico agreement is paving the way for a rare environmental test
Mar 19, 2014 One of North America’s most iconic rivers is about to undergo an unprecedented experiment in ecological engineering. On 23 March, operators at the Morelos Dam along the US–Mexico border near Yuma, Arizona, will open the gates and begin releasing water downstream. The goal is to dampen broad swathes of the arid Colorado River delta for the first time in decades, allowing new cottonwood and willow trees to germinate and restore small patches of riparian habitat. The move, which follows bitter international battles over water rights, will mark the first time that the United States and Mexico have put water back into the parched riverbed for environmental purposes. It is both a practical and a symbolic victory for conservationists who have fought to restore what was once 800,000 hectares of lush wetlands, as well as a rare opportunity for ecologists worldwide to watch what happens … As a result of their recommendations, over nearly eight weeks, dam operators will allow some 130 million cubic meters of water to travel downstream. That is less than 1% of the river’s average annual flow … In addition to the eight-week pulse flow, dam operators will also release a ‘base flow’ of 65 million cubic meters, on a schedule that is yet to be determined …
Stimulating the flow of investment for enhanced water productivity in Jordan
12 March 2014 … Improving water efficiency and productivity and identifying key points of investment, was the focus of a high-level forum, “Investing in efficiency: Water along the food chain in Jordan”, held in Jordan’s capital, Amman … Arranged by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), under the patronage of the Jordanian Ministry of Agriculture, the forum brought together policy-makers, international organisations and investors … Jordan ranks highest globally among water-deficit countries. The major user, agriculture, contributes heavily to the country’s chronic imbalance between resource availability and use. This imbalance is primarily attributable to the unsustainable overdrawing of highland groundwater … The key message of the analysis is that Jordan should move away from unsustainable agriculture, food processing activities and sub-sectors that are water-inefficient. Investments should mainly, if not exclusively, target profitable food chains that have made clear efforts to improve their water efficiency and that have the potential to further enhance the productivity of the water they consume …
Senate wants water disputes raised with India at all fora
March 11, 2014 … passed a resolution, asking the government to discuss water disputes with India at all levels, including the composite dialogue, because it is a matter of life and death for Pakistan … the country is confronting a big challenge of water shortage along with terrorism … India had signed a water agreement with Pakistan but kept violating it. “India has made several dams on Pakistan’s rivers but never shared their designs with Pakistan. If Pakistan is unable to raise these water-related disputes with India at proper international forums, then it will stay in great trouble” …
Wasser für Nordzypern – Ehrgeiziges Projekt könnte Ankaras Machtstellung in Nahost stärken
07.03.2014 Mit einem ehrgeizigen Wasser-Projekt für Zypern geht die Türkei daran, ihre regionale Machtstellung im Nahen Osten zu stärken. Heute wird im Süden der Türkei ein Staudamm fertiggestellt, der als Reservoir für ein weltweit einzigartiges Vorhaben dienen soll. Mit Hilfe einer 80 Kilometer langen Rohrleitung, die in 250 Meter Tiefe durchs Mittelmeer geführt werden soll, will die Türkei bald Wasser in den dürregeplagten Norden Zyperns pumpen. Die potenzielle Bedeutung des Projekts geht weit über Zypern hinaus. Jährlich 75 Millionen Kubikmeter Süßwasser aus dem Fluss Anamur im Süden der Türkei sollen durch die Rohrleitung ins chronisch trinkwasserarme Zypern transportiert werden … Ab dem 20. Juli, dem 40. Jahrestag der türkischen Militärintervention auf Zypern im Jahr 1974, soll das Wasser fließen. „Es ist das erste Mal auf der Welt, dass so etwas gemacht wird, mit dieser Technik“, sagte der nordzyprische Leiter des Projekts, Hüseyin Gökcekus … „Damit wird nicht nur das Wasserproblem von Zypern gelöst. Die Türkei beweist mit diesem Projekt auch, dass sie das kann – dass es mit dieser neuen Technik möglich wird, Wasser über lange Strecke zu transferieren. Das wird die Führungsmacht der Türkei in der Region stärken“… In einer Zeit, in der Wasserknappheit immer mehr zu einem Problem im ganzen Nahen Osten wird, könnte das umgerechnet rund 260 Millionen Euro teure Projekt für die Türkei … auch von regionaler Bedeutung sein. Über das Drehkreuz Zypern könne die Türkei die ganze östliche Mittelmeerregion mit Wasser versorgen, von Syrien bis nach Israel … Die jetzt geplante Rohrleitung aus der Türkei werde gerade einmal ein Zehntel des Wassers aus dem Anamur-Fluss nach Zypern bringen …
Middle East Drought A Threat To Global Food Prices
Mar 07 2014 – The Middle East’s driest winter in several decades could pose a threat to global food prices, with local crops depleted and farmers‘ livelihoods blighted, U.N. experts and climatologists say. Varying degrees of drought are hitting almost two thirds of the limited arable land across Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, the Palestinian territories and Iraq. "Going back to the last 100 years, I don’t think you can get a five-year span that’s been as dry," said Mohammad Raafi Hossain, a U.N. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) environmental economist. The dry season has already hurt prospects for the cereal harvest in areas of Syria and to a lesser extent Iraq. Several of the countries under pressure are already significant buyers of grain from international markets. "When governments that are responsible for importing basic foodstuffs have shortages in production, they will go to outside markets, where the extra demand will no doubt push global food prices higher," said Nakd Khamis, seed expert and consultant to the FAO … Water and agriculture authorities, alongside specialist U.N. agencies, have begun preparing plans to officially declare a state of drought that spreads beyond the Eastern Middle East to Morocco and as far south as Yemen, climatologists and officials say … In Lebanon … the stress on water resources from prodigal usage was exacerbated by the presence of nearly a million registered refugees since the Syrian civil war began in 2011. Only Israel will not face acute problems, helped by its long-term investment in desalination plants and pioneering water management techniques … Turkey, where much of Iraq and Syria’s water resources originate, has cut the volume of water flowing into the Euphrates and Tigris rivers by dam construction to meet their own growing domestic needs … Middle-Eastern experts predict more frequent drought cycles in coming years, accompanied by delayed winter rainy seasons that damage fruits by promoting premature flowering and prevent cereal crops growing to full maturity …
Menschenrecht auf Wasser – Brüssel beugt sich dem Bürgerwillen
14. März 2014 … Aus Furcht vor Protesten will die EU-Kommission auf eine Kampagne für ein Recht auf Trinkwasser eingehen … Es war das erste erfolgreiche Bürgerbegehren in der Geschichte der EU: Mehr als 1,6 Millionen Bürger verlangten im vergangenen Herbst von der EU-Kommission, ein Menschenrecht auf Wasser und sanitäre Grundversorgung gesetzlich festzulegen und so zu verhindern, dass der Wassersektor privatrechtlich liberalisiert wird. Initiator des Begehrens war die Initiative Right2Water / Menschenrecht auf Wasser. Sie hat ihr Ziel erreicht: Auf Wunsch der Bürger muss sich die Kommission nun mit dem Thema auseinandersetzen …
19.3.2014 MITTEILUNG DER KOMMISSION
… begrüßt die Mobilisierung der europäischen Bürgerinnen und Bürger zur Förderung des Zugangs zu unbedenklichem Trinkwasser und zu Abwasserentsorgung in Europa und weltweit. Sie betont die Bedeutung des Rechts des Menschen auf Zugang zu unbedenklichem Trinkwasser und zu Abwasserentsorgung und wird auch in Zukunft dafür sorgen, dass diese Grundsätze weiterhin im Mittelpunkt ihrer Politik stehen …
Hydrological Strategy: The Changing Role of Water in the Strategic Matrix
Defense & Foreign Affairs‘ Strategic Policy, February 2014
Abruf des Beitrags im Internet bedarf einer „Online subscription“.
Kopie – zur wissenschaftlichen Arbeit + nicht zur Weiterleitung – als pdf angehängt.
Sicherheitsrisiken des Klimawandels im OSZE-Raum: adelphi legt neue Studie vor
14.03.2014 Welche Dynamiken beeinflussen, ob der Klimawandel in den nächsten 50 Jahren zu mehr Unsicherheit und Instabilität führt? Welche präventiven Maßnahmen sind nötig? Antworten auf diese Fragen gibt eine neue Studie von adelphi im Auftrag der OSZE und der EEA [Europäischen Umweltagentur] … Ob die OSZE-Regionen dabei in einen Teufelskreislauf aus Umweltproblemen, ökonomischen, sozialen und politischen Krisen bis hin zu gewalttätigen Umstürzen und Konflikten fallen oder die Herausforderungen des Klimawandels als Chance für verstärkte regionale Kooperation und Integration nutzen werden, hängt vor allem davon ab, ob frühzeitig und umfassend gehandelt wird. Neben regionalen Handlungsprioritäten identifiziert die Studie Empfehlungen für die OSZE und EEA, um die Staaten der OSZE-Regionen zu unterstützen und sich auf organisatorischer Ebene besser auf diese Herausforderungen vorzubereiten.
direkt zur Studie:
Water Diplomacy Network
The Case for Water Diplomacy for South Asia (Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basin)
March 25, 2014 With a large and growing population, high poverty rates, and a need to ensure food security, water is highly politicized. The diverse opinions and resulting disputes between South Asian countries regarding shared waters has resulted in few strategies for basin level cooperation in the face of changing requirements and variable water quantities. In addition to irrigation (the main consumer of water), the region is also trying to promote urbanization and economic growth, both of which significantly add to the total water requirements … Traditionally the main sources of water used in South Asia have been the rivers originating from the Himalaya (Brahmaputra, Ganges and Indus) … Water from these trans-boundary Himalayan rivers are subject to disputes between countries, provinces, and even neighboring land owners. Traditional diplomatic processes have been stagnant for decades, and even initiatives pushed by The World Bank, like the Abu Dhabi Dialogue, have not brought much advancement. Will we see escalation of the traditional conflicts? Or are there wise new options for cooperation and poverty alleviation without intensifying political and environmental instability? The future of Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin depends on the breaking of the water diplomatic logjam in South Asia … With the rapidly growing water requirements in South Asia, particularly in India, comprehensive and new water systems science and diplomacy can bring the much needed balance among the multifaceted demands on the Himalayan waters to ensure that human interventions do not trigger ecological un-sustainability … constitute the background for a new water diplomacy in South Asia …
Water Diplomacy for South Asia: Conceptualization of Ecological Water Engineering
March 25, 2014 The problem of water security in South Asia is rooted more in spatial and temporal variation of precipitation and flows, rather than absolute scarcity … The GBM [Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna] basin needs interventions that can repair and prevent further ecological damage while providing sustainable water allocations to support the people of the basin. Some of these interventions are changes within institutions, economic approaches, or culture shifts. And while these may be important, they are not as immediately actionable and relevant as the need to push to evolve the process of how ecologically sound water engineering practices are approached and implemented in the basin … we need new dimensions in the education of water systems engineers and hydro-diplomats within South Asia. Just as we need to develop new approaches and policies for sustainable ecological engineering for economic advancement and water security, we first need to prepare engineers and leaders to address these challenges for the water future of South Asia with confidence.
Governing the Nexus – Water, Waste and Soil Resources Considering Global Change
Kurian, Mathew, Ardakanian, Reza (Eds.)
eBook-Version in Kürze verfügbar
… Provides a conceptual framework for discussing the nexus approach to environmental governance Discusses key science-policy challenges relating to the nexus approach to environmental governance. Explores, based on selected case studies, consolidation of the nexus approach in the form of institutional good practice with potential to guide implementation of integrated management of water, soil and waste resources … The nexus approach recognizes the urgent need for this knowledge and its interpretation in a policy- relevant setting that is guided by the understanding that there is a lack of blueprints for development based on integrated management of water, soil and waste resources in the Member States. Generation and application of knowledge is both a priority for individual but also institutional capacity development … UNU-FLORES Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of … is supposed to extend and upscale the concept of integrated resource management through adopting a truly integrative perspective by considering inter-related resources (water, soil, waste) and emphasizing fluxes of resources between phases and compartments …
… was sonst noch so los war:
Moin, Wort zum Sonntag: … bin nach über 4 Wochen Abwesenheit wieder an meinem Arbeitsplatz … daher in diesem WATERINTAKE keine systematische Info-Dokumentation, sondern lediglich das, was ich so bei einer schnellen Durchsicht meiner Posteingänge und dem einen oder anderen Blick in die von mir regelmäßig besuchten Internet-Seiten noch als „vermerkwürdig“ erachtet habe.
Beste Grüße von der Elbe