Joerg Barandat – W A T E R I N T A K E 03/2014

W A T E R I N T A K E

03/2014

28.02.2014

22.03.2014 WWD 2014

http://www.unwater.org/worldwaterday

23.01.2014 … Advocacy Guide on Water and Energy is now available … aims to introduce key information relevant to the theme of World Water Day 2014: Water and Energy and encourage action towards improving combined and coordinated water and energy management and governance … also intends to promote information sharing about World Water Day 2014 activities, efforts and events, and also to encourage longer-term sharing of success stories and other valuable water and energy knowledge …

http://www.unwater.org/fileadmin/user_upload/worldwaterday2014/documents/WWD2014_Advocacy_Guide_WEB.pdf

At UN, Countries Call for a Dedicated Water Goal in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

19.02.2014 – The President of the General Assembly’s thematic debate on water, sanitation and sustainable energy concluded today with countries underscoring the need for a dedicated water goal to secure sustainable water for all. Hundreds of delegates and civil society representatives took part in this gathering, which was one of three thematic debates that will be hosted in the coming months by UN General Assembly President John Ashe to set the stage for the post-2015 development agenda with the potential to guide the course of humankind away from poverty for decades to come. In his opening remarks, Mr. Ashe highlighted that there is already an agreement that water and sanitation are essential to the achievement of many development goals. “They are inextricably linked to climate change, agriculture, food security, health, gender and education, among others,” he said, emphasizing that “the water, sanitation and sustainable energy crises are the pre-eminent development challenges of our world” … many speakers referred to UN-Water’s proposal on “securing sustainable water for all” as a viable framework for advancing the water agenda after 2015. The framework proposed by UN-Water suggests five measurable and interconnected targets, namely: achieving universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; improving the sustainable use and development of water resources; strengthening water governance; improving water quality and wastewater management; and reducing risks of water-related disasters … Intergovernmental negotiations on the post-2015 agenda are expected to start in September 2014 …

http://www.unwater.org/news-events/news-details/en/c/215090/

http://www.un.org/en/ga/president/68/settingthestage/1wsse.shtml

Draft Nexus Declaration

http://nexusconference.web.unc.edu/files/2014/02/Declaration-2_18.pdf

Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference

The Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and collaborators will host the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference on March 5-8, 2014 to examine the thoughts and actions related to a nexus approach … will bring together scientists and practitioners working in government, civil society and business, and other stakeholders focusing on the questions of how and why the nexus approach is, and can be, used on international and local levels … One of the primary goals of the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference is to provide input to the UN Sustainable Development Goals process. To do so a group of experts has prepared a draft of the Nexus Declaration …

https://nexusconference.web.unc.edu/

https://nexusconference.web.unc.edu/agenda/

3rd International Conference on the Use of Space Technology for Water Management

… United Nations … European Space Agency (ESA) … Inter-Islamic Network on Space Sciences and Technology (ISNET)

Rabat, Morocco, 1 – 4 April 2014

… Space technologies, including satellite remote sensing technology in particular, have demonstrated proven capabilities in meeting challenges of water resource management, as rapid population growth and development pressures continue to impose additional stresses on scarce resources. Continuous Earth observations from space are crucial to manage water resources for the benefit of mankind and the environment, as well as to provide important forecasting services to prevent water-related disasters such as floods and droughts. Remote sensing satellites provide data on several key water-related variables … satellite-based approach to assessment and management of water resources is especially important in countries and regions of the world where adequate hydrological networks do not exist …

http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/en/SAP/act2014/Morocco/index.html

WASSERSTANDSMELDUNGEN

Water-wise tips: patrols help educate public

Feb. 26, 2014 In Visalia and Tulare, you can water your lawn Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays if your address is an odd number and Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays for even addresses. No watering of lawns is allowed on Mondays. In Tulare, you can water your lawn on designated days up until 10 a.m. and after 6 p.m. but this could change to up until 7 a.m. and after 8 p.m. … Currently in Visalia you can water your lawn on designated days after 8 p.m. and before 10 a.m. but this may change during Monday’s city council meeting. Education is the goal, said Josh Nauman, water conservation education coordinator for the city of Visalia. He patrols the city from 6:30-10:30 a.m. Monday through

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Friday and another part-time employee patrols in the late afternoon. On Friday, the city began recruiting for a third person … The most common offense is watering on the wrong day and excess water runoff. In 2013 in Visalia, 3,109 warnings and 23 citations were issued for a total of $2,500 in revenue …

http://www.visaliatimesdelta.com/article/20140227/NEWS01/302270013/Water-patrols-help-educate-public?nclick_check=1

Water wars with U.S. will become bigger issue …

February 25, 2014 — Canada must prepare for diplomatic water wars with the U.S., as demand on both sides of the border grows for this vital but ultimately limited resource, says Gary Doer, Canadian ambassador to the United States. In an interview that explored a wide range of issues … Doer predicted that water diplomacy would make the debate about pipelines “look silly” … edited version of the interview … Answer: … I think five years from now we will be spending a lot of our time diplomatically and a lot of our work on dealing with water. We have 20 per cent of the fresh water (in the world) in the Great Lakes. We share three oceans. We have the Passamaquoddy dispute (Canada opposes liquefied natural gas tankers transiting Canadian waters in Head Harbour Passage in New Brunswick.) We have the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence Seaway, Lake of the Woods. We have the Missouri River diversion. We have the Flathead River. We’ve got the Columbia River Treaty … We’re blessed with a lot of water, but we cannot take it for granted. We have to manage it more effectively and that means waterflows south to north and north to south … There will be pressure on water quality and water quantity. I think it will make a debate about going from 85 to 86 pipelines look silly.”

http://www.vancouversun.com/entertainment/Water+wars+with+will+become+bigger+issue+than+Keystone+Canadian/9545643/story.html

Water Rationing Begins Outside Malaysia Capital Amid Drought

February 25, 2014 Water rationing began in areas surrounding Malaysia’s capital after a prolonged drought, as Selangor state officials sought to wrap up talks to nationalize the local industry. “The supply of raw water in Selangor state is in a critical condition,” Khalid Ibrahim, the state’s chief minister … “The water levels at a few dams have been shrinking to reach an alarming stage.” Rationing may also start in parts of Negeri Sembilan, south of Kuala Lumpur, if there is no rain in coming days … Several other states have also reported shortages amid rising concerns over the potential impact on Malaysian palm oil crops if the drought continues. Prime Minister Najib Razak is due to discuss the situation in cabinet … Malaysia’s palm oil, cocoa and rubber-tapping industries are dependent on regular rainfall … A prolonged drought might have a lagged effect on next year’s production … Crude palm oil prices have climbed 7.6 pecent this month … “If the drought continues past March, then we might have to deal with more severe rationing that could possibly have an impact on our GDP,” Yeah Kim Leng, chief economist at RAM Holdings Bhd …

http://www.businessweek.com/news/2014-02-24/water-rationing-begins-outside-malaysia-s-capital-amid-drought

Water Being Cut to California’s Farmers

02/25/2014 Federal officials announced Friday that the ongoing drought in California means there likely will be no water available for agricultural water customers in the Central Valley this year, including its customers in the Sacramento Valley … There simply isn’t enough to go around, Reclamation officials said, and still provide water to its other customers who serve critical health and safety needs in urban areas … The allocation could improve if storms ease the drought picture before winter ends. A significant storm is expected to soak much of Northern California next week. But the National Weather Service recently reported there is only a 1-in-1,000 chance the season will conclude with even average rainfall, because winter has been so dry. The water content of the state’s mountain snowpack, essential to refill such reservoirs, is only 25 percent of average … The cutbacks in river water deliveries likely mean many farmers will rely more heavily on groundwater pumping, in some cases in areas where aquifers are already being depleted. Some growers also have access to other supplies, including separate rights to surface water in the Sacramento River and other streams. It’s not yet clear how deep an impact the water crisis will have on California’s economy. The state’s agricultural industry accounts for nearly $20 billion in exports annually, and many small towns depend heavily on farming.

http://www.wisconsinagconnection.com/story-national.php?Id=438&yr=2014

Global Water crisis may impact peace, security

2014 Feb 24 If not mitigated fast, the growing global water crisis could impact international peace and security, says a new book ‘Water, Peace and War’. “Retail prices of bottled water in most countries are higher than the international spot price of oil. In other words, today water is dearer than oil,” said Brahma Chellaney, the author of the book, which was released here on Monday by the Vice-President of India, Hamid Ansari. Chellaney said many investors were viewing water as the new oil. “The dramatic rise of the bottled water industry since the 1990s attests to the increasing commoditisation of the world’s most critical resource” …

http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/global-water-crisis-may-impact-peace-security/article5722677.ece

Brahma Chellaney: Water, Peace, and War Confronting the Global Water Crisis …

https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781442221390

Water scarcity among critical food security issues in Near East and North Africa

20 February 2014 – The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today warned that water scarcity is one of the most urgent food security issues facing countries of the Near East and North Africa, with fresh water availability in the region expected to drop by 50 per cent by 2050. FAO’s warning comes as ministers of agriculture and national officials prepare to tackle the issue at a meeting of the organization’s highest regional governing body … Among the issues on the agenda for the 32nd FAO Regional Conference for the Near East and North Africa is a new Regional Water Scarcity Initiative, launched by FAO to support member countries in identifying strategies, policies and practices that promote sustainable solutions to water scarcity and related food security problems. “The region has made significant strides in two decades in developing its water usage and storage capacities, but there is still much work to be done to improve water efficiency in agriculture, protect water quality, and address challenges related to climate change,” said Abdessalam Ould Ahmed, FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for the Near East and North Africa. FAO noted in a news release that per capita fresh water availability in the region has plummeted by two-thirds over the past 40 years, heightening concerns over the degradation of water quality and the impact of climate change. Demographic trends are adding urgency to the issue … “Agriculture must be central to our responses to the challenge of water scarcity in the Near East and North Africa Region,” stated Mr. Ould Ahmed. “Agriculture is by far the largest user of water in the region, but it is also fundamental to our survival and long-term resilience …” Participants are expected to offer guidance on priority areas for action, such as improving governance and institutions; giving more voice to farmers and other non-state stakeholders; and boosting efficiency in water use, both within and across national borders … more than 60 per cent of the water resources used by countries in the region comes from outside of national and regional boundaries …

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47181&Cr=food+security&Cr1=

Health experts warn of water contamination from California drought

Feb 18, 2014 – California’s drought has put 10 communities at acute risk of running out of drinking water in 60 days, and worsened numerous other health and safety problems, public health officials in the most populous U.S. state said … Rural communities where residents rely on wells are at particular risk, as contaminants in the groundwater become more concentrated with less water available to dilute them … the state’s top public health officials said they were targeting 10 communities for immediate relief, trucking in water when necessary and helping to lay pipes connecting residents with nearby public water systems … Linda Rudolph, co-director for the Center for Climate Change and Health in Oakland and a former state health official … "Many groundwater basins in California are contaminated, for example with nitrates from over application of nitrogen fertilizer or concentrated animal feeding operations, with industrial chemicals, with chemicals from oil extraction or due to natural contaminants with chemicals such as arsenic" … In addition, as dry conditions turn ponds and creeks into stagnant pools, mosquitoes breed, and risk increases for the diseases they carry … Residents with asthma and other lung conditions are also at risk as dry conditions create dust …

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/19/us-usa-california-drought-idUSBREA1I06P20140219

WATERWISE

The Third World’s Drinking Problem

Asit K. Biswas / Peter Brabeck-Letmathe … FEB 19, 2014 – During its recent gathering in Davos, the World Economic Forum released its ninth annual Global Risks report, which relies on a survey of more than 700 business leaders, government officials, and non-profit actors to identify the world’s most serious risks in the next decade. Perhaps most remarkable, four of the ten threats listed this year are water-related. These risks include water crises stemming from droughts and floods, the deterioration of water quality, and poor water management; failure to mitigate and adapt to climate change; higher incidence of extreme weather events; and food crises, driven at least partly by water shortages. But the report fails to highlight the most pressing water-related concern: ensuring enough potable water. Moreover, while international organizations recognize the problem, their approach to addressing it is entirely wrong. In 2012, the United Nations announced that the Millennium Development Goals’ target of halving the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water had been achieved well ahead of schedule, with only 783 million people still lacking access to clean water. But the Third World Center for Water Management estimates that at least three billion people worldwide still drink water of dubious quality. AquaFed, which represents private water companies, puts this figure at 3.4 billion – nearly half the world’s population. This suggests that the UN’s declaration of victory was premature, to say the least … The problem with international organizations’ approach is that they conflate the vague notion of “improved water sources” with genuinely clean, safe drinking water. In the same way, they have diluted the goal of “improved sanitation” – the process of collecting, treating, and safely discharging wastewater – by applying it to indoor toilets in people’s homes … The world’s water and sanitation challenges are by no means insurmountable. Resolving them will require sustained political will, with governments building strong water institutions and ensuring that public funds are used as effectively as possible. At the same time, the public must recognize that they can have better water services, if they are willing to contribute through taxes, tariffs, and transfers. For their part, the media must stress the benefits of functional water-delivery and wastewater-management systems – and hold politicians and bureaucrats accountable if they fail to do their part. Finally, water professionals need to shift their focus from providing more water to providing better water more sustainably. Given that failing to address the water challenge would, within a generation, bring about a global crisis of unprecedented proportions, such efforts could not be more urgent.

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/asit-k–biswas-and-peter-brabeck-letmathe-recommend-a-new-approach-to-addressing-developing-countries–water-and-sanitation-challenges

WASSERQUELLEN

UNECE: Guide to implementing the Water Convention

September 2013 The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) was adopted in 1992 and entered into force in 1996. It brings together almost all countries sharing transboundary waters in the pan-European region, and is expected to achieve broader participation with its global opening to all United Nations Member States … constitutes a commentary to the Convention’s provisions, providing explanations of the legal, procedural, administrative, technical and practical aspects of the Convention’s requirements for appropriate implementation. It aims to strengthen the understanding of the Convention among current and future Parties, international partners, non governmental organizations and academia …

http://www.unece.org/index.php?id=33657&L=0

UNECE Water Convention

http://www.unece.org/env/water/

Gulf Research Center: Opportunities for Integrated Energy and Water Management in the GCC

December 2013 … goal of this position paper is to identify and motivate opportunities for the operations management and planning of the energy-water nexus. It proceeds in three parts. First, an exposition of the energy-water nexus especially as it applies to the GCC is given. This discussion focuses on the electric power system, the potable water distribution system, and the wastewater distribution system. Then, the paper shifts to opportunities in operations management where recent work in the Laboratory for Intelligent Integrated Networks of Engineering Systems has produced a number of optimization programs to support the deregulated operation of integrated energy-water markets. To highlight the viability of this idea, an energy-water nexus supply side economic dispatch is presented. Finally, the position paper shifts to discuss planning opportunities for the energy-water nexus for the sustainable development of water and energy resources. These include new methods that encourage renewable energy penetration and balance the portfolio of desalination technologies. It also includes integrated strategies for the design of water infrastructure to minimize embedded energy while reusing water of various qualities …

Energy-Water Nexus in the GCC, p. 22:

… As the European Union leads the world in renewable energy integration, a notable opportunity for collaboration would be the extension of existing generation and transmission capacity planning to not just include renewable energy integration but also water aspects. In all, the integrated energy-water nexus models presented and cited in this work have a high potential for future work and extension.

http://grc.net/alerts/grc_pub_20feb2014.html

http://eu-gcc.kcorp.net/common/publicationfile/48.pdf

Gulf Research Center (GRC) http://www.grc.net

CSIS: India’s Solar Energy Future

Feb 25, 2014 .. analyzes and clarifies the regulatory and institutional frameworks put in place by the Indian government to promote investment in India’s solar energy sector. To date, lack of clarity and comprehension has inhibited investment in India’s economy in sectors ranging from defense technology to retail … critical to understand the regulations and reforms that India has taken to promote private domestic and foreign investment in infrastructure. Included in the report is a detailed picture of the different institutions involved in policy formulation, distribution, and administration of solar energy in India …

http://csis.org/publication/indias-solar-energy-future

… was sonst noch so los war:

23. Februar 2014 Das Wissenschaftsjahr 2014 – Die digitale Gesellschaft startet …

http://www.digital-ist.de/

Education is a Security Issue

Tony Blair, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 …

JAN 13, 2014 … the soil in which they plant the seeds of hate is fertilized with ignorance … That is why we need to start thinking of education as a security issue … All governments must take seriously their responsibility to educate young people to accept and respect people of different faiths and cultures. There is no issue that is more pressing … It is up to all of us to show people that we have a better idea than the extremists have – to learn from each other and live with each other. And this needs to be a core part of young people’s education.

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/tony-blair-argues-that-the-fight-against-religious-extremism-and-terrorism-will-be-won-or-lost-in-our-schools

Mastering Our Urban Future

Noeleen Heyzer is Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations …

FEB 13, 2014 – By the end of this century, ten billion people will inhabit our planet, with 8.5 billion living in cities … rapid urban development comes at a heavy cost. As cities expand, they swallow up land that would otherwise be used for food production. They drain water supplies, account for almost 70% of global energy use, and generate more than 70% of greenhouse-gas emissions … the world must meet six broad challenges. First, we must change the way we design cities … Second, we must rethink how we design and operate buildings so that they use less energy – or, better still, generate energy … The third challenge is to alter citizens’ transport habits … The fourth challenge is to change how we produce, transport, and consume energy … Fifth, we must reform how we manage water resources and water infrastructure … Finally, we must change the way we manage solid waste so that it becomes a resource, not a cost … These six steps require a comprehensive and coordinated change in behavior, and will require government at all levels to cooperate, invest at scale, share ideas, replicate best practices, and plan for the long term. It is a monumental and daunting challenge, but not an impossible one …

http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/noeleen-heyzer-on-the-six-steps-needed-to-create-livable-and-sustainable-cities

… und dann noch zum guten Schluß:

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Beste Grüße von der Elbe

Jörg Barandat

editorial@waternews.de

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