Joerg Barandat: WATERINTAKE 24/2013




… In the last few years, the world’s grand strategic focus has shifted from the Middle East to Asia. It’s been propelled by Asia’s growing economic power, which is linked to decades of regional-level peace, and by the refocusing of American foreign and security policy to the Asia-Pacific region. Being at the centre of this global shift has provided fantastic opportunities for Australia. Our strong economic ties with China, Japan, South Korea, and Singapore, for example, have helped us keep our economy healthy and growing even during the global financial crisis. In turn, The US’s realignment towards Asia has enabled us to deepen our already close relationship with this key ally, but not at the expense of cultivating stronger ties with the other countries I just mentioned. So, Australia has a big and important challenge on its hand –i.e., influencing and adapting to Asia’s ‘Big Economies’ while also considering the interests of a very big extra-regional actor. In the first case, I might add, I can see us recasting our future relations with increasingly powerful partners such as Indonesia …

Peter Jennings, who is the Executive Director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), 31 October 2013


AUSSCHREIBUNG European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Establishment of a Unit of Excellence within The Water Authority of Jordan Programme Management Unit

Issue date: 4 Nov 2013 Closing date: 8 Dec 2013

… Jordan’s water scarcity issues not only stem from the limited available quantity, but are also becoming increasingly linked to water quality issues. Jordan’s current plans to meet its future water requirements are challenged by expensive supply options. The current low levels of water efficiency and productivity challenge Jordan’s future water economy. This calls for urgent improvements in productivity of water use and for acceleration in efficiency enhancements at the national level … there is a need to involve all stakeholders in the policy dialogue, to implement strengthened standards for industrial discharge and move towards the integrated water management approach Jordan is calling for. In addition, it will be very important to engage the private sector in order to exchange important experience and lessons in the sector of water and wastewater treatment in a region where water is an extremely valuable commodity. One important step in order to develop a more sustainable future is to ensure that all knowledge and tools are available to contribute towards development and delivery of solutions. The main initiative sought by the Government is the establishment of a Unit of Excellence (the Unit) for sustainable water management solutions within the Programme Management Unit (PMU) of the Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ) … Consultant Profile: Corporate services are required. The Consultant will be a group of individuals, a firm or a group of firms with combined experience to carry out the scope. The expected team should be comprised of at least four key experts with the following experience/expertise …

Water Action Plan created in California to help avoid statewide crisis

November 1, 2013 California officials … released a five-year “Water Action Plan” intended to avoid a statewide water supply crisis stemming from drought, population growth and climate change. John Laird, secretary of the state Natural Resources Agency, acknowledged that the plan does not include a lot of new ideas. Rather, the goal is to integrate existing ideas about water supply and conservation and get disparate state agencies working together. The plan is considered a draft, and is expected to be finalized in December following public comment … The plan warns of an “impending water crisis” in California driven by a drought now in its second year, climate change and a state population expected to reach 50 million by 2049. Solutions target 10 key actions, from making conservation a “way of life” for California residents to boosting surface and groundwater storage. It also emphasizes methods of making communities less reliant on imported water, as well as improving wildlife habitats to collect and store more stormwater runoff. The storage question is controversial because most Californians don’t want to see streams dammed. But the state has been working on a number of new reservoir proposals for a decade, and feasibility studies are expected by about the end of this year … The Bay Delta Conservation Plan is included as one of the action measures. The controversial $25 billion proposal calls for two large water diversion tunnels on the Sacramento River and more than 100,000 acres of habitat conservation …

Bezugsdokument: Water Action Plan …

Association of California Water Agencies

Solarstrom Mach’s noch einmal, Desertec!

01.11.2013 … Die gemeinnützige Stiftung Desertec wurde 2009 von einem internationalen Netzwerk von Politikern, Wissenschaftlern und Ökonomen gegründet … Aus den zu Beginn des Jahres 2009 bejubelten Plänen binnen weniger Jahre Solarstrom aus Nordafrika nach Europa zu leiten, ist nichts geworden. Spötter sprechen von einer Fata Morgana. Marokko geht längst seinen eigenen Weg in Sachen Solarstrom und baut gerade – auch mit deutschen Mitteln – das größte Solarkraftwerk der Welt … Auf einer Konferenz in Marokko loten Politik, Wirtschaft und Wissenschaft die Chancen aus, im Mittelmeerraum einen gemeinsamen Markt für erneuerbare Energien zu schaffen. Und sie sind sich sicher: Der Zeitpunkt wird kommen …

‘Misguided’ Water-Risk Management at Largest Firms, CDP Says – Sustainable Water Management for the 21st Century


October 31, 2013 A misguided approach to water-related risk management is business as usual at the world’s largest global companies such as BP, Bayer, Lockheed Martin, General Motors, Nestle, Walmart and Unilever, according to a CDP report released today. Instead of focusing on reducing water use, which CDP says threatens shareholder value and is an inadequate response to increasingly immediate water risks, firms should look to water stewardship. The CDP Global Water Report 2013 says water stewardship is the key to achieving water security. But it requires a significant step change … Water presents substantial risk threatening profitability and shareholder security, primarily in the energy, materials and consumer staples sectors, according to the report. Each company in the sample faces an average of seven water-related risks, with about three quarters (70 percent) stating that water presents substantive risk to their business … the percentage of risks that companies expect to impact their business within five years (64 percent) has increased by 16 percent in the space of one year and the majority of risks identified in direct operations (65 percent) and supply chains (62 percent) are near-term. The most widely identified near-term water risk is water stress or scarcity, followed by flooding and rising compliance costs. Declining water quality, higher water prices and reputational damage are among the other reported risks expected to impact within five years … Low level of strategic planning or corporate ambition on key water stewardship metrics raises risk level … Despite increasing recognition that water risks cannot be tackled in isolation, just 6 percent of companies have targets or goals for community engagement, 4 percent for their supply chains, 3 percent for water management and 1 percent for transparency. Not a single company reports a public policy target and 15 percent of companies fail to meet water discharge regulations …

Bezugsdokument: Moving beyond business as usual …

Was, wenn das Wasser knapp wird?

29.10.2013 Die Diskussion über Energie wird oft nur auf die Entdeckung neuer Quellen und auf den Ausbau neuer Formen beschränkt. Der Aspekt der Wasserabhängigkeit wird häufig ausser Acht gelassen. Bei der Erzeugung von Energie werden in der Stromproduktion, bei der Gewinnung, dem Transport und der Umwandlung fossiler Energien wie auch zur Bewässerung von Agrotreibstoffen grosse Mengen Wasser benötigt. Gemäss dem «World Energy Outlook 2012» der Internationalen Energieagentur (IEA) wurden 2010 global schätzungsweise rund 583 Milliarden Kubikmeter Wasser für die Energieproduktion benötigt. Dies entspricht etwa 15 Prozent der totalen globalen Wasserentnahme. Davon wurden 66 Milliarden Kubikmeter im engeren Sinn verbraucht, das heisst, nicht wieder zur Entnahmestelle zurückgeführt. Durch den Klimawandel und das Bevölkerungswachstum entstehen nun aber infolge der Wasserabhängigkeit neue Risiken – aber auch Chancen. Aktuelle Beispiele für einen erhöhten Wasserbedarf in der Energieproduktion sind der Teersandabbau in Kanada oder die Schiefergasproduktion in den USA … Für die Stromproduktion in thermischen Kraftwerken wird ebenfalls viel Wasser ­benötigt. Eine Studie … zeigt am Beispiel der fünf grössten chinesischen Stromversorger auf, wie der Betrieb fossiler Kraftwerke in nördlichen und östlichen Provinzen, die schon heute unter Wassermangel leiden, an Grenzen stösst … Insbesondere Wasserkraftwerke sind von Veränderungen des Wasserhaushaltes betroffen. Schwindende Gletscher und geringere Wassermengen haben sowohl für Kraftwerke mit Stauseen wie auch für Flusskraftwerke eine tiefere Stromproduktion zur Folge …

Water bill up for President’s signature

October 29, 2013 – The Namibian Water Resources Management Bill, which is expected to facilitate much better regulation of the country’s water resources, was passed in parliament last week and is now on its way to be signed by President Hifikepunye Pohamba, the Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, John Mutorwa, revealed yesterday at the opening of the 9th International Water Association (IWA) Water Reuse conference at a local hotel in Windhoek. “People do not only need water to drink. They need water for sanitation, for personal hygiene, for cultivating and processing of food and fodder, for sustaining livestock, for creating jobs through industry and manufacturing, for mining and mineral extraction, for leisure and sports activities and for beautifying the environment in which they live. Thus: water is life; and life is water … If climate change is brought into the mix, it seems apparent that countries that are currently suffering water supply shortages will find it ever more difficult to quench the thirst of their people” … added that streams of waste water generated in towns and cities should be viewed as resources rather than waste products … City of Windhoek was the first in the world to practice direct potable reuse of water when it commissioned the Goreangab Water Reclamation Plant in 1968. The plant has since undergone a series of upgrades and technological enhancements and today has a capacity of 21 000 cubic metres per day, representing about 60 percent of the city’s daily demand. At any given time the city’s drinking water contains between 20 and 25 percent reclaimed water … over the past three decades several thousand successful water reuse projects with diverse applications around the world have demonstrated that water recycling is a proven water scarcity solution, which is an essential tool for mitigation of the impacts of climate change on the diminishing available fresh water resources and is of extreme importance to the planet’s biosphere.

Water, Wealth and Whites: S. Africa’s Potent Anti-fracking Mix

October 28, 2013 Stretching across the heart of South Africa, the Karoo has stirred emotions for centuries, a stunning semi-desert wilderness that draws artists, hunters and the toughest of farmers … If energy companies and the ruling African National Congress [ANC] get their way, it will soon be home to scientists and geologists mapping out shale gas fields touted as game-changers for Africa’s biggest economy, and working out whether fracking will work here. As with other prospective sites around the world, especially in Europe, the process is meeting significant opposition, some of it thrown up by Mother Nature, some not. The result is likely to be a lengthy delay before any exploration starts … Not only does the Karoo have very little water – the mighty Kalahari desert lies just to its north – but the oil companies are up against a well-organized grass-roots lobby opposed to anything that could upset its fragile environment … a number of “significant unknowns” about fracking and the geology of the Karoo must be answered before any green light can be considered legally sound … key argument is that technically recoverable gas reserves, estimated by the U.S. Energy Information Administration at 390 trillion cubic feet [tcf], could transform an economy that has always been a big oil and gas importer. The estimate gives South Africa the world’s eighth biggest shale reserves, with nearly two-thirds the amount of deposits estimated in the United States … The fact remains, however, that the Karoo’s environment – particularly its water supply – is very fragile, and local suspicion runs high … “One of the things about shale is that it is a manufacturing process. It’s not an exploration and production process,” said Philip Verleger, an independent U.S. energy analyst. “It doesn’t work if you have to spend huge sums of money finding water, sand or other material.”

More Irrigation and Pastoralism Could Transform Africa’s Sahel Region

[Pastoralismus: Viehwirtschaft in natürlich karger Vegetation … musste es auch erst nachschauen J.B.]

October 28, 2013 The Sahel region, a vast arid stretch of land linking six countries in West Africa — Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal — is home to some of the most productive pastoralist communities in the world. And yet, assailed by a host of climatic, political and development challenges, their pastoralist way of life is under threat … over centuries, some 16 million pastoralists have perfected the art of survival in the Sahel … half of the meat and two-thirds of the milk produced and consumed in the countries of West Africa originates in the Sahel. However pastoralism is facing multiple threats. These include rapid population growth, conflict, volatile food prices, animal diseases, and shrinking grazing areas and water resources. Combined, these factors are steadily jeopardizing the survival of the pastoralists of the Sahel. Climate change is expected to hit Africa hardest … only 20 percent of the Sahel’s irrigation potential has been developed … Bringing more water to parched lands in the Sahel will not only improve food production but place more food on family dinner tables, allow farmers to move from subsistence farming into growing and selling greater quantities of food crops for higher earnings in local and regional markets. Climate-smart agriculture can increase yields, put more money in farmers’ pockets and help protect biodiversity, improve soil fertility, and conserve the environment … The World Bank is hosting two major summits in Mauritania and Senegal focused on threats and opportunities for pastoralism and irrigation to thrive in Africa … will mobilize new coalitions of countries, development partners, business leaders, and the communities themselves for a new push to transform agriculture with more domestic, regional and international support for pastoralism and irrigation.

Indus Water Treaty: Minister expresses reservations

October 26, 2013 Pakistan on Friday expressed reservations over the World Bank-brokered Indus Water Treaty 1960 and announced that it would safeguard the country’s interests militarily. These remarks were made by Minister for Water and Power, Khawaja Muhammad Asif at a press conference after he presided over a meeting on water issues with India. Khawaja Asif’s remarks came just one day after a meeting with the Belgian Ambassador who called on him in the Ministry and discussed the Indus Water Treaty in detail. The Minister said Pakistan is heading towards becoming a water-starved country from a water-stressed country … Replying to a question, Asif said that many patriots have doubts over the Indus Treaty inked by the then dictator, Field Marshal Ayub Khan, adding that the Treaty was skewed towards India. "We will ensure implementation on the Treaty in letter and in spirit and whatever rights are available in the Treaty must be safeguarded militarily … the Indus Water Treaty is not in favour of Pakistan," Asif continued but acknowledged that India enjoys geopolitical advantage over western rivers which the treaty granted were to be for Pakistan’s exclusive use … Pakistan’s water rights are being violated … water is the issue of life and death for Pakistan and implementation of Indus Water Treaty with India will be ensured … during a briefing Minister for Water and Power Khawaja Muhammad Asif said Pakistan is currently contesting with India over five water projects including Kishenganga, Ratle, Miyar, Lower Kalnai hydroelectric projects, Wullar Barrage and Tulbul Navigation project … said water is a life and death issue for the people of Pakistan as the country is water-stressed and could become water-starved in future. He said there is a need to evolve a consensus on water issues so rights of the country could be defended vigorously. He said in his opinion Indus water treaty signed with India did not judiciously distribute water. When the treaty was signed Pakistan had population of 30-40 million but now it had increased five fold to 180-200 million, he added. He said there is need to change the way people use water in their homes and for agriculture … said India has been trying to get water in excess of the limits it is allowed under the Indus Basin Treaty …

Israel knows water technology, and it wants to cash in

13 October 25 The Israeli water industry took over the convention center here this week to show the world its bacterial sewage scrubbers and computerized shower heads, its low-flow nipples to grow high-yield tomatoes, and its early-warning mathematical algorithms to detect dribbles, leaks and bursts … there’s a lot of money in water … The country’s exports of water products have tripled in the past five years and now total $2 billion, according to Israel’s economic ministry. Its biggest customer is the United States, but new markets are opening in countries with an emerging middle class, such as Mexico, Turkey, China and India … Israel is a world leader in desalination of seawater. By next year, more than a third of Israel’s tap water will come from the Mediterranean Sea and a few briny wells. Israel’s total water consumption remains nearly at 1964 levels — even though its population has quadrupled to 8 million people … Oded Distel, director of Israel New Tech, a government agency that primes the water pump by giving grants to high-tech water start-ups and helps market the water industry abroad. “If we had to rely on sources of fresh water, we wouldn’t be here. In Israel, we use every drop twice.” Distel said that water used to be a kind of “dumb industry” dominated by low-tech and cheap water, distributed by centuries-old pipes and canals, employing irrigation technologies that dated to the ancient Egyptians. Municipal water systems such as those in Los Angles, London and New Delhi traditionally lost 20 percent or more of their water to leaks and evaporation. But in a world dominated by scarcity, climate change and population growth, water is no longer being taken for granted. The modern water industry here was launched in the mid-1960s, when an Israeli agronomist named Simcha Blass and his son Yeshayahu partnered with a kibbutz to manufacture the country’s first drip-irrigation system, which delivered a trickle of water directly to the plant roots … Israel’s public and private sectors are investing heavily in developing and promoting the water industry. There are 280 water technology companies in Israel …

Egypt May Join Ethiopia In Nile Dam Project

13 October 21 Cairo and Addis Ababa may soon reach a truce to calm their dispute over the construction of the Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. Both countries have recently shown good faith and agreed to negotiate about the project. Egypt has even agreed to take part in building the dam, though without declaring its conditions for doing so. At a news conference Oct. 7, Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn announced that his country welcomes the participation of Egypt and Sudan in the construction of the dam and stressed that his government considers the dam to be jointly owned by Sudan, Ethiopia and Egypt. Cairo viewed his statement as a positive step toward reaching a consensus on the project, despite its earlier sharp criticism of it. In a telephone conversation Oct. 17, Egyptian Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Abdul Muttalib told Al-Monitor: “Egypt doesn’t mind joining the Ethiopian government in building the dam for the service and development of the Ethiopian people. But we must agree on a number of items in a clear way to prevent any damage to Egypt as a result of the dam construction. The Egyptian government always opts for cooperation and participation. … During the coming negotiations with Ethiopia over the dam, we will clarify our position regarding the policy and method of operating the dam, the size of the storage lake attached to it, and how to fill it with water in times of flood and drought.” He stressed, “Egypt will definitely not participate in the construction unless these policies are agreed upon and agreements regarding them are signed.” On Oct. 8, Ethiopian Minister of Water Alemayehu Tegenu had tweeted, “Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam never be slowed down for a second … We can pay any cost for it … [sic]” … The Ethiopian, Sudanese and Egyptian water ministers are expected to meet Oct. 20-23 in Khartoum to discuss the May report of the Tripartite Commission on the repercussions of the dam and how to implement the report’s recommendations for avoiding harm to any of the Nile states … An official Egyptian source following the Nile issue who asked to remain anonymous, told Al-Monitor on Oct. 16, “The government has prepared a new paper to negotiate with Ethiopia regarding the Renaissance Dam. Technical and legal teams have been tasked with studying the Egyptian [negotiating] items, which are expected to be presented to the Ethiopian side at the next meeting … The Egyptian offer includes full participation in the construction, management and operation of the dam, by dispatching Egyptian engineers who specialize in the field of dam construction; the signing of an agreement with the Ethiopian side on sending [to Ethiopia] a permanent Egyptian water mission [that will be stationed] at the dam; and [Egypt’s] participation in the funding and working as an intermediary to obtain aid and international loans and grants to finance dam construction.” The final report of the Tripartite Commission contained several technical remarks regarding how the dam might harm Egypt. Some experts therefore have reservations about the Egyptian government’s sudden decision to participate in the project, especially if it is without considering the full consequences of such a decision … The political administration in Egypt is aware of the serious [threat] the dam poses to Egypt’s water security. So first, we must agree on the construction and operation policies before signing any agreement to participate in the dam … The situation Cairo is now faced with is very complex, and the negotiating options are limited … Egypt is still trying to make the best of the situation and to secure its share of annual water from the Nile as it awaits the negotiations with Ethiopia and Sudan. Egypt fears that its demands will not be met at a time when the country is experiencing internal unrest, ongoing since the July ouster of President Mohammed Morsi and affecting Egypt’s relations with neighboring African countries …

Tadschikistan Umstrittene Wasserkraft

22.08.2013 Tadschikistan will in Rogun ein Wasserkraftwerk bauen. Eines der größten seiner Art. Doch das Mammutprojekt stockt …Für die Tadschiken ist klar, dass das Nachbarland Usbekistan bremst … Ebene mit immer härteren Bandagen geführt … Sorgen bereitet Tadschikistan, dass Usbekistan von militärischem Gerät der abziehenden ISAF-Truppen aus Afghanistan profitieren könnte …

Das Megaprojekt Rogun SWR2 Tandem 17.9.2013 23:28 min


Water Sector in Pakistan: Policy, Politics, Management

April 2013 IDSA Monograph Series No. 18

… undertakes a descriptive analysis of the water sector in Pakistan and underlines issues related to Pakistan’s water policies, politics and management practices. While the thematic focus is on developing linkages between the British colonial legacy – the creation of canal colonies in west Punjab, the impact of partition on the Indus Water Treaty and Pakistan’s water sector, the study explains why Pakistan followed a technocratic paradigm to manage its water resources. As societal norms play an influential role in water distribution and allocation, the monograph highlights the interface between policy and politics. It argues that domestic water management is perhaps one of the key areas which requires urgent attention in Pakistan …


… Food and energy security are issues directly related with water management and development challenges … the political discourse on water could take root in Pakistan and this in fact could be seen as a strategic tool by the policy makers to unite and mobilise certain voices of dissent … in the third scenario, institutional reforms might be taken up seriously by the policy establishment … it is clear that external solutions and focus on increasing the sheer quantity of water, are a recipe for disaster – both at the domestic level and at the bilateral level. The external environment is fast changing. It is therefore important to incorporate policies which neutralise adverse impact of climate change. While integrated water management techniques need to be incorporated, domestic institutional reforms, would be the best way for initiating positive change …

SWP: Präsident Obamas neuer Klimavorstoß – Die US-Klimapolitik zwischen Blockade und Fortschritt

Oktober 2013 … Barack Obama hat am 20. September 2013 einen ersten Schritt in seinem Klimaaktionsplan getan, indem er Pläne zur Begrenzung von Emissionen für Neubauten von Kohle- und Gaskraftwerken bekanntgab … ein Blick auf die US-Klimapolitik zeigt, dass Obama es trotzdem schwer haben wird, auf diesem Weg klimapolitische Erfolge zu verbuchen … Der Klimaaktionsplan enthält auch das ehrgeizige Ziel, den Anteil von Wind- und Solarenergie sowie Geothermie an der Stromerzeugung von heute rund vier Prozent bis 2020 zu verdoppeln. Die Weichen dafür stellte Präsident Obama bereits mit seinem Konjunkturprogramm von 2009, das die staatlichen Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung im Bereich erneuerbare Energien, Energieeffizienz und Speichertechnologien kurzfristig rasant steigerte. 2011 war hier allerdings schon ein drasti-scher Rückgang zu verzeichnen … Ohne staatliche Förderung und ausreichende Investitionen dürfte Obama sein Ziel verfehlen. Doch die US-Investitionen in erneuerbare Energien sind zwi-schen 2011 und 2012 von rund 55 auf 36 Milliarden US-Dollar gefallen – Tendenz: weiter sinkend … Auch mindert die günstige Verfügbarkeit von relativ CO2-armem Schiefergas den Druck auf die USA, auf dem Weg zu ihrem »17-Prozent-Ziel« Schritte in Richtung erneuerbare Energien zu gehen … [J.B. nicht verwunderlich, wenn die Industrie auf Fracking setzt + den Kohlenwasserstoffweg unter Externalisierung von Kosten (Wasser, Umwelt, Tektonik …) weiter verlängert … dafür wird dann wohl der Absturz am Ende des Weges noch heftiger … so kann dann aus „Segen“ ein „Fluch“ werden …] Klimaaktionsplan enthält auch Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Energieeffizienz. In den vergangenen Jahren hat seine Administration bereits strengere Standards für Kraftfahrzeuge eingeführt, die nun für die Zeit ab 2018 weiter erhöht werden sollen. Der Präsident strebt zudem an, neue Standards für elektrische Geräte und öffentliche Gebäude in den USA festzulegen und die Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung voranzutreiben, um für mehr Effizienz im Industriesektor zu sorgen … Die deutsche Politik sollte zudem weiterhin in Initiativen wie der Transatlantischen Klimabrücke mit US-Bundesstaaten und Städten kooperieren und »best practices« im Energie- und Klimabereich austauschen …

SWP: EU-Verkehrssektor: Ende der Biokraftstoffpolitik – Energie- und klimapolitische Erwägungen werden nur noch selektiv in die EU-Verkehrspolitik integriert

Oktober 2013 … In den politischen Diskussionen, die über die Transformation des Energiesystems in Deutschland und Europa geführt werden, wird die Gestaltung von Transport- und Mobilitätsstrukturen … zunehmend ignoriert. Wesentliche Veränderungen wurden in den vergangenen Jahren durch die Erhöhung des Anteils von Biokraftstoffen erzielt. Die EU-Kommission möchte den damit eingeleiteten Prozess nun stoppen. Damit reagiert sie oberflächlich auf Forderungen nach mehr Umweltschutz und Nahrungsmittelsicherheit. Sie bekämpft damit aber lediglich Symptome. Die Ursachen der Probleme bleiben weiter unangetastet …

… was sonst noch so los war:

CNAS Building Better Generals

10/28/2013 … urges policymakers and military leaders to redouble their efforts to create an “adaptive and creative officer corps” that is prepared to address a wide range of 21st Century challenges … after 12 years of irregular warfare, the combination of a volatile security environment, declining defense budgets, and newly constrained U.S. military capabilities risk producing an officer corps ill-prepared for its future challenges … complex challenges … where the demands of managing an increasingly volatile international security environment and massive defense enterprise will rapidly collide with the realities of declining defense budgets and constrained U.S. global military capabilities … unconventional conflicts of Iraq and Afghanistan have distorted the skills of the officer corps and much reduced the time that has been available for professional military education and broadening assignments … may poorly prepare officers for what lies ahead. For this reason, the United States must redouble efforts to strengthen its current and future military leaders, starting with its corps of generals and admirals, and extending to all those rising to fill these positions. These officers will be responsible for leading a smaller, more austere force … Improving flag officer assignment, education, selection and evaluation is a wise and necessary investment to ensure the nation maintains the senior leadership capable of preventing, and if necessary, winning the next war … Tomorrow’s flag officers would benefit from an assignment system that tracks them into one of two specialties: warfighting (“operational”) and institutional (“enterprise”) billets … Increasing assignment tenure – to as long as five years – would additionally contribute to the deepening of expertise, learning and accountability. These longer assignments would also take better advantage of longer career paths … Flag officers will also need robust, tailored education to support their assigned track. Officers on the operational track should attend a new U.S. Higher Command and Staff Course that emphasizes strategic and political-military skills; enterprise officers should attend business schools and corporate and executive leadership programs, supplemented by military-specific courses. Finally, officers will need a selection and evaluation process that establishes clear expectations for performance

and enhances accountability throughout their careers … While other aspects of officer management – including military culture and talent retention – will also contribute to the military’s ability to navigate the immense strategic uncertainty of the future security environment as well as the growing complexity of the defense enterprise, they fall outside the scope of this paper. As the military begins to adjust to an environment of constrained resources supporting a global security strategy, it must implement reforms in officer assignment, education, selection and evaluation. Doing so is an essential investment in producing an adaptive officer corps that is well-prepared for a wide range of future challenges … Appendix summary of report recommendations … p.36 …

… und dann hatten wir da noch:

131103 Stuttmann_Asyl

130931 Calleri_leben_der_anderen

131030 Stuttmann_TutNichts

Mit den besten Grüßen von der Elbe

Jörg Barandat