Jörg Barandat – editorial

Water Alternatives: Calls for papers
Special issue: Critical Thinking on the ‘New Security Convergence’ in Energy, Food, Climate and Water: Is the Nexus Secure … and for Whom? …
Submission of abstracts by December 15, 2013


Warning: Many watersheds in US failing ’stress test‘
Monday, 30 Sep 2013 … Nearly 1 in 10 of the nation’s watersheds – areas of land that contain runoff from rivers and streams – are stressed to the point to where demand for water exceeds the natural supply. „There is a lot of pressure on our water supply, especially In the western part of the country,“ said Kristen Averyt, associate director for science at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, and lead author of the report released this month … agriculture requires the most water – some 70 percent of all water use in the U.S. – it’s a major contributing factor to water stress in the country … under current business conditions, water demand will outstrip supply by 2030 – and will potentially put $63 trillion of global gross domestic product at risk by 2050 … Whether it’s for showering or cooking, Americans use on average 2,000 gallons of water a day, according to the Waterfootprint Network. That’s double the global average … Another threat to the water supply … is the spreading use of hydraulic fracking, which combines chemicals and water for drilling… In the end, what’s important from this study or any other is to start taking action…
Studie: September 18, 2013 Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES): Today’s worst watershed stresses may become the new normal

Californians want water issues fixed but not enough to pay for it
September 30, 2013 Voters acknowledge serious water supply problems but balk when told the multibillion-dollar price tags to address them, poll finds … Pollsters said the flip in support demonstrated two things: Voters continue to have serious pocketbook concerns as the state crawls out of recession, and most Californians don’t think the state’s water problems are urgent. „You turn on your faucet and the water comes out. They don’t see an immediate problem“ … Respondents’ top water priority was ensuring a long-term, reliable supply, followed by keeping water costs down, and conserving fish and wildlife habitat. Increasing the state’s water supply ranked lowest, with only 9% naming that as the most important …

Water scarcity: ‘Funds to be released for construction of dams’
The dams will help alleviate poverty and check migration from villages.
September 29, 2013 Water and Power Secretary Saifullah Chattha … directed the Water and Power Development Authority to accelerate work on small and medium-sized dams and assured them that funds for the construction will be released on time … said that the construction of Naulong and Winder Dams in Balochistan would start soon … directed … to expedite work on Nai Gaj Dam in Sindh, Ghabir Dam in Punjab and Kurram Tangi Dam in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa … projects could be completed in three years if requisite funds were available on time … Construction on the projects had halted due to lack of funds, but Chattha assured the officials that funds would be arranged on time so that the projects could be completed within three years. These projects would help alleviate poverty, support socio-economic development and slow down migration towards cities …

Missouri River Basin – Water distribution subject of meetings
September 28, 2013 Almost everyone in Montana is familiar with the old adage that “whiskey’s for drinking and water’s for fighting.” But officials with the state Department of Natural Resources and Conservation are trying to steer the conversation away from antagonism and toward collaboration, and will hold a series of meetings throughout Montana to help identify and prioritize water issues to be addressed in updates to state water plans for the next 20 years … focusing on the Missouri River and its headwaters. Portions of the Missouri River basin are considered “closed,” meaning that all of the surface water rights have been appropriated, so no new surface or ground water rights can be claimed … What that means, then, is if someone new wants to use that water — whether it be for a residential well, an irrigation well, mining or other purposes — they have to go through a process to prove the new water right won’t harm any existing rights ….

Plenty of water for natural gas industry …
September 27, 2013 Pennsylvania has plenty of water to serve the growing natural gas industry, said regulators, but they continue to refine how the industry draws water from creeks and streams … Susquehanna River Basin … can probably accommodate gas industry withdrawals of 30 million gallons per day, the level the commission is using for long-term planning … The state wants to know how much will be taken and from where to avoid the cumulative effect of a bunch of operators drawing from the same place at the same time. Withdrawals could hurt water quality … or reduce flow to levels where the waterway can’t support „critters“ or the ecosystem … Regulators plan to further limit when and from where water is drawn. In certain times of year, waterways are low and withdrawals will have to be limited. The commission wants to restrict or ban withdrawals from certain headwaters.

Water Wars: Egyptians Condemn Ethiopia’s Nile Dam Project
September 27, 2013 As the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam takes shape, tempers rise. „Ethiopia is killing us,“ taxi driver Ahmed Hossam said, as he picked his way through Cairo’s notoriously traffic-clogged streets. „If they build this dam, there will be no Nile. If there’s no Nile, then there’s no Egypt“ … Egypt insists Ethiopia’s hydroelectric scheme amounts to a violation of its historic rights, a breach of the 1959 colonial-era agreement that allocated almost three-fourths of the Nile waters to Egypt, and an existential threat to a country largely devoid of alternative freshwater sources. But what Egyptians regard as a nefarious plot by its historic adversary to control its water supply, Ethiopians see as an intense source of national pride and a symbol of their country’s renewal after the debilitating famines of the 1980s and ’90s … Ethiopia maintains that Egypt and Sudan downstream have no reason to be fearful. The government says it’s merely redressing the inequalities of previous water-sharing arrangements, which had left the nine upstream countries largely bereft of access to the Nile … weakened by several years of economic and political unrest in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, Egypt now finds itself ill-placed to counter a resurgent Ethiopia … State and private media have whipped up a current of fierce anti-Ethiopian sentiment … President Mohamed Morsi also weighed in with a veiled threat shortly before his ouster in a popularly supported military coup in early July, saying that „all options are available to us“ … Egypt’s southern neighbor, Sudan, has switched sides and chosen to support the dam … Egypt’s concerns are far from groundless. Its population is forecast to almost double to 150 million by 2050, so as demand for water surges, its supply will be restricted by the dam … Egypt fears that storing water behind the Ethiopian dam will reduce the capacity of its own Lake Nasser … Such unease has spawned a bevy of wild theories as to how Ethiopia, poorer and more populous than Egypt, can afford its extensive dam-building program (20 dams in total). „Israel and the U.S. are behind it,“ insist a number of Egyptian Islamist politicians. „The Chinese are funding this to get back at us for supporting the Americans,“ a friend in Cairo recently suggested. The Chinese are certainly involved, but there’s nothing conspiratorial about it. Chinese state-owned Sinohydro is the world’s largest dam builder and accounts for over 50 percent of recently constructed dams …

Water Resources Reform and Development Act to improve infrastructure, fund invasive species research
21 September 2013 – Congressman John Garamendi, whose district includes 200 miles of the Sacramento River and Clear Lake, and is adjacent to several major ports, voted this past week in favor of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act, which was unanimously passed out of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. The act, or WRRDA, would strengthen decaying water transportation infrastructure to promote America’s competitiveness, prosperity, and economic growth … Allows the Army Corps of Engineers to consider local needs when making decisions about levee vegetation. This is especially important for the 3,000 miles of rivers and streams in California, including more than 100 miles in the Bay Area, much of which was threatened by a plan requiring brush clearing and deforestation … In an era of no earmarks for individual projects, the bill authorizes a number of Corps projects …
Whiteboard: How to Reform Water Infrastructure

Where Water Is Gold
September 19, 2013 Some rare good news has offset the usual grim predictions about the planet’s dwindling natural resources. Kenya, one of Africa’s most important countries, has uncovered a potentially huge new water source. Now comes the challenge of managing it fairly and transparently. The discovery, announced last week by Kenya and the United Nations, involves five aquifers in impoverished Turkana County that could mean a more secure future for the country as a whole. Of Kenya’s 41 million people, an estimated 17 million lack access to safe drinking water and 28 million are without adequate sanitation. The new underground sources, estimated to hold at least 66 trillion gallons, could be used for drinking, irrigating crops and watering livestock. The project shows what can be done when responsible authorities work together. Identifying the aquifers was a joint effort of the Kenyan government and Unesco, with financial support from Japan, a major donor of international development assistance. Advanced satellite equipment and expertise from Radar Technologies International helped provide technical breakthroughs. Radar Technologies, a natural resources exploration concern, has confirmed two of the five aquifers through drilling, but further exploration at the other three sites is needed … Management needs to be fair and open, with clear limits on how much water can be extracted, how often and by whom. This may not be easy in a country with a history of corruption, and where the president and deputy president are facing trial by the International Criminal Court for crimes …

Dhaka,Delhi dredging 54 common rivers
September 18, 2013 Even though the deals on sharing waters of Teesta and Feni rivers remain non-starters, Bangladesh and India are working in right earnest on riverbank protection and dredging of 54 common rivers which is expected to go a long way in providing respite from floods and bank erosion … Dhaka and New Delhi had agreed to dredge the river on the Bangladesh side as well as the Indian side as a shoal or a sandbank had been causing floods on both sides … Besides checking floods, it will provide more catch to fishermen on both sides of the international border and improve navigation … the meeting took stock of the progress made between the two countries on the issue of water resources … the work is continuing at 50 sites in Bangladesh and … on the Indian side … India already provides flood forecasting data to Bangladesh …

New Water Sources Won’t Quench the World’s Thirst
September 16, 2013 Kenya’s government announced last week the discovery of two huge aquifers in drought-stricken areas in the north of the country … The revelation has raised hopes of more such finds in Africa; like oil … new aquifers are being discovered across the continent. Analysis suggests that underground water volumes in the region equal about 100 times the amount of water found on the surface. Yet the discovery of these new aquifers won’t have much impact unless the world takes measures to ensure more effective access to, and use of, the water sources we already have. Even for Kenyans, a new aquifer in one part of the country isn’t that much help. For some people in rural Turkana, the new find will help simplify access to clean water by providing nearby boreholes. But the country’s annual freshwater withdrawal from lakes, aquifers, and rivers is 2.7 billion cubic meters, compared to close to 21 billion cubic meters in renewable supplies. For most of Kenya (and the rest of Africa), the most pressing problem isn’t a countrywide lack of water; it’s the lack of immediate, reliable access to it … As many as 2.7 billion people … live in river basin areas where there is severe water scarcity during at least one month of the year. As the global climate changes and populations grow in numbers and wealth, that number could climb. More discoveries such as that of Turkana’s aquifers will relieve pressure on local freshwater supplies. But only investments in ensuring water access while improving the efficiency of water use will lead to a world of sustainable, equitable, and productive water consumption.

Amid Drought, Explaining Colorado’s Extreme Floods
September 14, 2013 … University of Colorado, Boulder law school professor Brad Udall has long written and lectured about water issues in the American West, but this week’s Colorado floods have brought the subject to his doorstep … the Boulder area … has received more rain in the past three days (up to 15 inches, or 38 centimeters) than the previous precipitation record for a whole month. Udall’s house sits about 30 feet (9 meters) from a creek that is normally dry this time of year. In the past two days, he said the creek rose more than five feet (1.5 meters), and has become a raging stream that’s 20 feet (6 meters) wide … U.S. President Barack Obama declared an emergency … Just as troubling as all the damage, Udall says, is that this week’s floods do not fit into the usual pattern of high water in the West … were not the result of springtime rains or intense summer thunderstorms … “This was a totally new type of event: an early fall widespread event during one of the driest months of the year” … Sandra Postel, National Geographic’s Freshwater Fellow, said that the long-term drought that has parched the area and gripped much of the Colorado River Basin over the past 14 years may be partly to blame for the severity of the floods. Drought tends to harden the soil … When rains do come, less of the water can absorb into the ground, so it quickly runs off the land. Similarly, fires can lead to worse flooding, because they remove vegetation that can slow down and trap rainfall … Scientists have warned that increasing frequency and severity of wildfires and droughts may be symptoms of climate change, as much of the planet warms. That, in turn, can lead to more floods …

Amid Drought, a Water Fight Spills Into Legal Territory
September 14, 2013 A case involving an aquifer authority and the operators of a pecan farm fueled an already fiery debate over whether groundwater can be protected alongside private property rights. As Texas’ rivers run dry and lakes fall to record low levels, part of the fight over water supplies is moving underground … Neighbors who pump water from the same formations beneath their land have long argued over that water. But the stakes are rising as cities and industries see groundwater as a solution to the demands of explosive population growth. But Texas law governing groundwater is murky, and a recent state appeals court decision signals that only years of expensive legal battles will provide clarity … Texas owns the water in rivers, streams and lakes above ground, and governs its allocation. Below the surface, different rules apply. In 1904, the Texas Supreme Court declared that groundwater was subject to the “rule of capture,” generally meaning landowners could pump as much water as they wanted from under their properties and were not liable for depleting a neighbor’s underground supply. It was not until 2012 that the same court specified that the regulations limiting those pumping rights could result in a “taking” of property rights under the Texas Constitution … But cities and industries looking for new groundwater are unlikely to be satisfied with compensation. They are pushing state lawmakers to limit local groundwater regulating abilities …


UN-Water Annual Report 2012
1 Oct 2013 … has been working hard in 2012 to contribute to shaping a more inclusive post-2015 development framework that builds on the MDGs and addresses their weaknesses. The role of UN-Water as the coordinating mechanism across the UN System has been growing … Report highlights key activities related to the post-2015 agenda …
UN-Water Work Programme 2012–2013
… presents the UN-Water Work Programme 2012–2013, which is divided into three parts:
1. UN-Water’s strategic outlook
2. Activities in each of UN-Water’s five Result Areas
3. An overview of UN-Water and its governance structure …

Water and food security – Experiences in India and China
25 September 2013 The twin challenges of accessing water and energy for food and agriculture are central to reducing poverty and hunger in Asia. Despite the green revolution’s success, the continent is home to two thirds of the world’s poor and hungry … has also experienced increasing inequality, the world’s highest population densities, and growing competition for limited land and water resources … the future ‚water gap‘ can be closed if water scarce countries boost efficiency, augment supply, or reduce the water-intensity of their economies by ranking alternative investments in terms of their benefits and costs. But water and food security pose a ‚wicked challenge‘. A complex mix of hydrology, engineering, constitutional, legal, political, social, inter-sector, institutional, and agronomic issues – with a mix of vested interests – drive policy and determine outcomes in each country … Defence and security experts warn that such conflicts pose the biggest threat to regional peace and security in Asia in the twenty-first century. There is a renewed urgency to understand the determinants and dynamics of water demand, given climate change and demographic pressures, and the challenges that governance poses for harnessing water resources for their effective, equitable, and sustainable use … this paper identifies important strategic issues confronting the governance of agricultural water management in Asia and its integral relationship with energy management in irrigated and rainfed agriculture … focuses on India and China as dominant and influential countries in the region … Effective water management is a more complex challenge in democratic and decentralised countries, such as India … Experience in China and India suggests that where governance and community capacity is weak, it is risky to undertake technologically demanding hardware projects … effective small-scale water management solutions are necessary, but are unlikely to be sufficient …

U.S. Institute of Peace: Water Security and Conflict Prevention Summit
September 10, 2013 … USIP, the Association of the United States Army (AUSA), and the U.S. Water Partnership (USWP) co-hosted the first summit on water security and conflict prevention, intended to promote a pathway for coordinated discussion and action. This summit is also the launch of the “Water Security and Conflict Prevention Trust” initiative that includes a range of scientific, military, economic, diplomatic, and national security leaders and experts who will outline and contrast issues and solutions to the conflicts surrounding Nigeria and the Niger, and Pakistan and the Indus river basins …
Nigeria & the Niger
Pakistan & Indus
[J.B.: Ist schon eine interessante
Achse (siehe 12:30 Lunch Panel), die sich da konstruiert: Prince Ermias Sahle
Selassie … U.S. Africa Command … Coca-Cola Company … Reflektiert aber auch das
(erklärte) US-Regierungsprogramm im Themenfeld Wasser: Tue Gutes in semi/ariden
Zonen, schaffe Arbeitsplätze + Wertschöpfung in den USA … (vor diesem
Hintergrund auch der Hinweis auf eines der Schlüsseldokumente für diese
Konferenz: INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT, siehe unten). Dass sich hier die
Armee einbringt, ist im Gegensatz zu anderen Nationen eine US-Besonderheit, die
sich aus deren Geschichte ergibt. Das U.S. Army Corps of Engineers hatte/hat
eine zentrale Rolle beim Wasserstraßenausbau + -nutzung und damit auch beim
Flussgebietsmanagement in den USA. USACE ist damit also der Kompetenzträger, was
auch durch den Betrieb des Hydrologic Engineering Centre (HEC) unterstrichen
wird. USACE hat international richtungsweisende Referenzdokumente Dokumente +
konkrete Planungen zur Gewässernutzung vorgelegt u.a. auch am schon zum Nil …
Jerome Delli Priscoli, USACE hat sich schon seit den 90ern eine Namen
gemacht, z.B.: Conflict Resolution, Collaboration and Management in
International Water Resources Issues, May 1996 …

den besonderen Focus auf den Nil angeht, die Nutzung (Hydoenergie +
Bewässerungswirtschaftung) des Blauen Nils wurde schon in den 50er Jahren in den
USA für Äthiopien geplant …]
February 2012 … During the next 10 years, many countries important to the United States will experience water problems – shortages, poor water quality, or floods – that will risk instability and state failure, increase regional tensions, and distract them from working with the United States on important US policy objectives. Between now and 2040, fresh water availability will not keep up with demand absent more effective management of water resources. Water problems will hinder the ability of key countries to produce food and generate energy, posing a risk to global food markets and hobbling economic growth. As a result of demographic and economic development pressures, North Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia will face major challenges coping with water problems … focused on a finite number of states that are strategically important to the United States and transboundary issues from a selected set of water basins (Nile, Tigris-Euphrates, Mekong, Jordan, Indus, Brahmaputra, and Amu Darya) [J.B.: Overview of Selected River
Basins siehe S.V] … We assume that water management technologies will mature along present rates and that no far-reaching improvements will develop and be deployed over the next 30 years … that present water policies—pricing and investments in infrastructure—are unlikely to change significantly … that states with a large and growing economic capacity continue to make infrastructure investments and apply technologies to address their water challenges … Because US expertise in water management is widely recognized, the developing world will look to the United States to lead the global community toward the development and implementation of sound policies for managing water resources at the local, national, and regional levels … US expertise on water resource management in both the public and private sectors is highly regarded and will be sought after worldwide. Improving water management, trade of products with high water content, and institutional capacities to treat water and encourage efficient water use will likely be the most effective approaches to mitigate water-related social tensions … The United States will be expected to develop and disseminate satellite and other remote sensing data and hydrological modeling tools that allow users to better understand and manage their resources … will look to the United States for support to develop legal and institutional arrangements that resolve water disputes or advance cooperative management of shared waters … United States can benefit from an increased demand for agricultural exports as water scarcity increases in various parts of the world …

Water Sharing Between India and Pakistan: An Opportunity for Cooperation
April 15, 2013 … Recommendations: Towards Integrated Basin Management … Instead of revising the treaty and wrestling over riparian politics, India and Pakistan could work towards integrated basin management as water security is emerging as a critical issue in both countries. Water management negotiations are the biggest confidence-building measure between the two countries … the Indus Water Treaty needs to be amended to take environmental change into consideration; the focus needs to shift to Article VII that is entitled “Future Cooperation” that emphasises setting up of new hydrological and meteorological observation stations and implementing engineering works including drainage ones. Moreover, groundwater extraction close to the border areas of both countries is overlooked by the IWT (focussing on surface water recharge), an area in which India and Pakistan
could cooperate … Water is an existential issue and both countries need to go beyond politics to cooperate on river water sharing …
World Bank: Indus Waters Treaty (IWT), 1960

Stimson Center, Washington
CONNECTING THE DROPS – An Indus Basin Roadmap for Cross-Border Water Research, Data Sharing, and Policy Coordination
2013 … contains the results of the Working Group’s deliberations. In its first section, the Roadmap details the manifold socio-economic and environmental stresses on Indus Basin water resources, tracing their potential ramifications and elucidating the resultant looming policy challenges. In the following sections, the Roadmap presents a menu of practical steps to bolster Indian and Pakistani capacities to measure, evaluate, and address increasing pressures on the Indus Basin waters. It provides specific recommendations for priority research on water resources issues and offers programmatic orientations to guide future analyses and data sharing, technical exchange, and collaborative knowledge-building … hopes to aide Indian and Pakistani decision makers in framing water relations in the Indus Basin as a confidence building opportunity for mitigating shared risks and generating mutual benefits …
Stimson Center, Washington

… und wer noch keine Zeit hatte, sich den Link rauszusuchen:

27 September 2013 IPCC Climate Change 2013
PressRelease: … It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century. The evidence for this has grown, thanks to more and better observations, an improved understanding of the climate system response and improved climate models …
… und zu diesem Ereignis haben wir auch noch ein paar Side Events im Anhang.

… und was sonst noch so war:

Open Briefing
Remote control war: Unmanned combat air vehicles in China, India, Iran, Israel, Russia and Turkey
20 September 2013 … study … reveals that more than 200 different unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are in use or in development by China, India, Iran, Israel, Russia and Turkey, with 29 of these being unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAVs), otherwise known as armed drones …authors … have identified key developments in drone technology and conclude that the lines between missiles and drones at one end and drones and aircraft at the other are increasingly blurred. Furthermore, several countries are seeking to develop a range of UAV countermeasures in response to the proliferation of drones to state and non-state adversaries. Military planners face numerous challenges with the rise of armed drones … the development of sound operational doctrine in order to successfully integrate these systems’ capabilities … speed and extent of UCAV developments … surpassing the imaginations of military planners … Armed drones may have become weapons of choice for the United States and Britain but … they are already proliferating across the world. The implications of this are huge for international security but have been almost entirely ignored so far …
direct zum Dokument

Changing US Security Strategy. The Search for Stability and the “Non-War” against “Non-Terrorism”
Sep 24, 2013 More than a decade into the “war on terrorism,” much of the political debate in the United States is still fixated on the legacy of 9/11. US politics has a partisan fixation on Benghazi, the Boston Marathon bombing, intelligence intercepts, and Guantanamo. Far too much attention still focuses on “terrorism” at a time the United States faces a much broader range of threats from the instability in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Islamic world. Moreover, much of the US debate ignores the fact that the United States has not actually fought a “war on terrorism” over the last decade, as well as the US failures in using military force and civil aid in Afghanistan and Iraq …

Syria Deeply … learn the history, places and faces behind the conflict …
… is an independent digital media project led by journalists and technologists that explores a new model of storytelling around a global crisis. Our goal is to build a better user experience of the story by adding context to content, using the latest digital tools of the day. Over time the hope is to add greater clarity, deeper understanding and more sustained engagement to the global conversation. Syria Deeply is a part of News Deeply, a new media startup and social enterprise based in New York … We receive no government funding, instead earning our revenues through a mix of foundation grants and digital-design services. Our client partners include the World Economic Forum, Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism and the Baker Institute at Rice University … We want anyone who comes to Syria Deeply to walk away smarter and better informed about what’s happening in our world …

US concerned over Turkey-China missile deal
01 Oct 2013 The United States has reacted with alarm to news that Turkey has chosen a Chinese company, slapped with US sanctions, to build its first long-range air defence and anti-missile system … conveyed … serious concerns about … a missile defense system … that will not be interoperable with NATO systems or collective defense capabilities … An official statement from Ankara last week said Turkey had „decided to begin talks with the CPMIEC company of the People’s Republic of China for the joint production of the systems and its missiles in Turkey.“ …“We do not consider anything other than Turkey’s interests,“ Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc told reporters. „It is not possible for another country to say, ‚I have a problem with them, I had put them on a black list, a red list, how could you give them a tender?'“ … „We are a member of NATO and we have had good relations from the beginning with NATO countries, especially the United States. However, when it comes to the subject of defending Turkey … we have the power to take a decision without looking to anyone else“ … said that while the deal had not yet been completed, the initial selection had been based on the Chinese offer being the most economical and because some of the production would be carried out in conjunction with Turkey …

2013 Marine Counter Piracy Conference
… took place on 11-12 September 2013 in Madinat Jumeirah, Dubai, U.A.E.
Briefing Papers

Ein Kamerad aus unserer Wasser- Community hat mich auf ein Projekt hingewiesen, das er unterstützt. Wer also noch auf der Suche nach einem unterstützenswerten Projekt sein sollte, kann sich das ja mal genauer ansehen:
ARD – WELTSPIEGEL 29.09.13 Indien: Selbstmord-Serie unter Baumwollbauern
Gajanand Gattawar war verzweifelt, sah keine Zukunft mehr. Der Baumwollbauer war hoch verschuldet – und beging Selbstmord. So wie schätzungsweise 200 000 Kleinbauern in Indien in den letzten zehn Jahren. Die Baumwollbauern im sogenannten Selbstmordgürtel Indiens müssen jährlich teures, genverändertes Saatgut kaufen, viele verschulden sich massiv. Die Erträge sind aber nicht so hoch wie die der subventionierten Agro-Industrie in den USA und Europa. Die Weltmarktpreise reichen nicht zum Leben und zum Schuldenabbau schon gar nicht. Eine Experten-Untersuchung für das Oberste Indische Gericht kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die Industrie stark von transgener Agrotechnik profitiert habe, bei der überwiegenden Mehrheit der Bauern aber kein positiver Effekt angekommen sei …
Hinweis Spendenkonto …

… und ganz zum guten Schluß … Ja Wosamma: militante Fundis und Traditionellekopfbedeckungsträger aller Länder vereinigt Euch! (131003 Fitzsimmons Shut down.jpg)