Jörg Barandat * waternews_barandat
Sent: Wednesday, September 4, 2013 9:32 PM
2013 World Water Week
MENA Focus: Shared Water Resources Management in the Arab Region …
03-09-2013 Launch of the Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia
at the World Water Week in Stockholm
… United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA) and the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) of Germany launched the Inventory … This publication makes an important contribution to the regional debate surrounding shared water resources and provides a supporting base for further discussions at the basin level as well as to ongoing regional processes such as the draft Legal Framework for Shared Water Resources in the Arab Region … PM:
Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia
Water Conference Opens in Stockholm With Wise Supply Plea
Sep 2, 2013 World Water Week opened today in Stockholm with a plea for the energy, food and water industries to use scarce supplies more wisely and to clean up contaminated waters that help cause 5,000 deaths a day … Global water consumption is growing twice as fast as the population, creating supply and demand imbalances …Managing state and international waters “often start at the technical-scientific level before moving into political cooperation, and thus ‘hydro-diplomacy,’” with dialogues on the sharing of water and water-related benefits and products such as food and energy across boundaries … “Evidence suggests that through proper management water can become an economic win-win agent and a lubricant of peace” …
UN: Water, sanitation a massive challenge
2013-09-02 Water and sanitation remains a massive challenge, but one that should be tackled to relieve the suffering of millions, the UN has said. To deal effectively with the water and sanitation crisis… is fundamental for fighting disease and poverty,“ UN deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson said at the World Water Week plenary session in Stockholm … Eliasson expressed his hope that water management becomes a key „mobiliser“ in politics …
At Karnataka’s ‚water ATMs‘, 10 litres of water for Rs. 1
September 04, 2013 … The Indian rupee may be crashing globally, but in a suburb in Banglore, just Rs. 1 can fetch ten litres of clean drinking water. And the facility comes without hassles of standing in long queues. Kanakapura has got what locals call, ‚Water ATMs‘. „The water quality is good. Earlier we drank borewell water, which was hard and contaminated. This is way better. For my family of five, we easily need 20 litres a day for drinking and cooking,“ says Jeyamma, a labourer, who inserts two one-rupee coins at one of the water kiosks in the area, and the massive utensil she is carrying, is filled with water in minutes … The ground water levels in Kanakapura dipped to almost 1300 feet after a drought last year. Mr Suresh, from the Congress, ensured these water kiosks were set up well before the recently held by-election, which he won … hoping that the water scheme, which is gaining popularity, continues to work as a vote-fetcher for him and his brother.
No water, no beer: brewers race to save the ales
Sep. 3, 2013 Barley grows under the sun at MillerCoors‘ showcase barley farm in Idaho. The company retrofitted irrigation pivots there to save millions of gallons of water. As water becomes increasingly scarce on our ever more crowded and warming planet, brewers of beer are racing to secure a steady supply of their most prized ingredient by using less of it. „Without water, there is no beer“ … Like many in the brewing industry, MillerCoors understands that access to water of the quantity and quality it needs to grow barley and hops and brew beer is no longer a guarantee as population growth, water pollution and climate change threaten water resources. MillerCoors is one of several dozen corporate heavyweights that endorse the United Nations‘ CEO Water Mandate, a public-private initiative to assist companies in the development, implementation and disclosure of water sustainability practices … In 2008, MillerCoors set a goal of reducing by 15 percent the amount of water it uses to brew a barrel of beer. At the time, the ratio was 4.1 to 1. That number has dropped to 3.82 to 1 … The bulk of MillerCoors‘ water savings has come from changes in human behavior, such as brewery workers turning off hoses that were previously constantly running and carefully managing the flow of water through the brewery to optimize its usage … The company also invests in technology such as water reclaiming systems to reuse water for non-brewing purposes … Saving water inside the brewery pales in comparison to what’s possible on the farm, which previous analyses have indicated account for about 90 percent of beer’s total water footprint. With farmland included, for example, MillerCoors‘ parent SABMiller found in a 2009 analysis that 115 liters of water are required for every liter of beer produced in South Africa. In the Czech Republic, where the company’s Pilsner Urquell is brewed, the ratio was 45 to 1 … The Natural Resources Defense Council aims to keep pushing a clean water agenda for brewers long after the dust settles from the current political battle surrounding the Clean Water Act. … water conservation … is „a tough nut because, as a country, we don’t pay enough for our water. It is relatively cheap compared to other natural resources … But it is the No. 1 ingredient in our beer, in all beer, so using it respectfully and responsibly is a subtle but underlying motivator“ …
Water dispute bubbling in Central California wine region
September 3, 2013 … Wine connoisseurs may be enjoying the latest Zinfandel or Syrah from the Paso Robles region, but residents are complaining the growing number of vineyards is straining the local water supply. A dispute has been bubbling lately between residents and winemakers over the use of an ancient aquifer … some residents say the basin water is flowing freely into the vineyards. The water level has sunk 70 feet or more since 1997 in some parts due to persistent drought and agricultural and urban growth. More than two-thirds of basin water usage is for farming, most of which are vineyards. California and Texas are the only two states that allow landowners unlimited access to groundwater … Wine growers are backing a proposal to form a water district and acquire supplemental water from the California State Water Project … The dispute may end up in a court with a judge appointing a person to determine how to share an aquifer. That result has happened 22 times in California, including cases in the Santa Maria Valley and Monterey County.
Kampf ums Wasser – Wenn der Grundwasserspiegel fällt
03. September 2013 … Auch in Syrien spielte der Wassermangel beim Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs eine Rolle, es ging nicht allein um Demokratie, Religion und Konflikte zwischen Volksgruppen. Der Aufstand begann 2011 in provisorischen Siedlungen, wohin ein Teil der von Dürren betroffenen Landbevölkerung im Nordosten Syriens geflüchtet war – in der Umgebung der Städte wie Damaskus, Hama und Aleppo. Die jüngste Dürre in Syrien war eine der schwersten, die das Land in den vergangenen 100 Jahren erlebte, sie dauerte rund fünf Jahre. Um die Felder überhaupt bewässern zu können, pumpten die Bauern immer mehr Grundwasser hoch. Über 200 000 Bewässerungspumpen gab es nach Schätzungen 2010 in dem Land, die Hälfte davon ohne Genehmigung, aber von der Regierung Assad toleriert. In den stark überpumpten Gebieten, etwa bei Hama, ist der Grundwasserspiegel in den letzten Jahrzehnten von 50 auf 100 Metern Tiefe gefallen. Quellen trockneten aus, Flüsse führen kaum Wasser. Doch die Regierung half weder den verarmten Bauern noch den Flüchtlingen. Die Konflikte eskalierten … Syrien ist kein Einzelfall. Laut einer Bilanz der Umweltstiftung WWF aus dem vorigen Jahr kam es allein seit 2000 im Streit um die Wassernutzung weltweit zu mehr als 50 gewaltsamen Auseinandersetzungen – in Ländern wie Sudan, Indien oder Bolivien …
Focus on addressing water-supply problems, our lives depend on it
[bei project-syndicate u.a. auch
September 02, 2013 The sharpening international geopolitical competition over natural resources has turned some strategic resources into engines of power struggle. Transnational water resources have become an especially active source of competition and conflict, triggering a dam-building race and prompting growing calls for the United Nations to recognize water as a key security concern … Global warming is set to put potable-water supplies under increasing strain – even as oceans rise and the intensity and frequency of storms and other extreme weather events increase. Rapid economic and demographic expansion has already turned adequate access to potable water into a major issue across large parts of the world. Lifestyle changes, for example, have spurred increasing per capita water consumption, with rising incomes promoting dietary change, especially higher consumption of meat, production of which is 10 times more water-intensive, on average, than plant-based calories and proteins … the earth’s human population totals slightly more than 7 billion, but the livestock population at any given time numbers more than 150 billion. The direct ecological footprint of the livestock population is larger than that of the human population, with rapidly rising global meat consumption becoming a key driver of water stress by itself. Political and economic water wars are already being waged in several regions, something reflected in dam construction on international rivers and coercive diplomacy or other means to prevent such works. Consider, for example, the silent water war triggered by Ethiopia’s dam building on the Blue Nile, which has elicited Egyptian threats of covert or overt military reprisals. A report reflecting the joint judgment of U.S. intelligence agencies warned last year that the use of water as a weapon of war or a tool of terrorism would become more likely in the next decade in some regions. The InterAction Council, comprising more than 30 former heads of state or government, has called for urgent action to prevent some countries battling severe water shortages from becoming failed states. The U.S. State Department, for its part, has upgraded water to “a central U.S. foreign policy concern”… whammy can be mitigated only by innovative water management and conservation, and by developing nontraditional supply sources. As in the oil and gas sector – where tapping unconventional sources, such as shale and tar sands, has proved a game changer – the water sector must adopt all unconventional options, including recycling wastewater and desalinating ocean and brackish waters. In short, we must focus on addressing our water-supply problems as if our lives depended on it. In fact, they do …
Ethiopia-Egypt Maneuvering Takes on “Black and White” Operational Guises
19 June 2013 Gregory R. Copley [ähnlicher
/ fortgeschriebener Artikel auch in: Defense + Foreign Affairs: Strategic Policy
7,2013, S.3] … Egypt, by mid-June 2013, had begun taking a two-pronged strategic approach — overtly diplomatic, covertly combative — to its dealings with Ethiopia over alleged (or potential) to its dealings with Ethiopia over alleged from the newly-commenced Renaissance Dam project. But it was increasingly clear that this was a determined effort by the Presidency and hardline Egyptian Islamist groups to distract public attention away from domestic issues, and particularly from the planned and major nationwide protests in Egypt against the present Government there … Pres. Morsi and the Egyptian Intelligence Community began ramping up efforts to undermine security and stability in Ethiopia … the Ethiopian Parliament had waited until after the Egyptian elections before ratifying the new Nile treaty, signed by all the Upper Nile riparian states … on June 13, 2013, the Council of People’s Representatives … ratified an accord which essentially replaced the only document which attempted to define the uses of the Nile waters. It was a 1929 document, drafted by Britain (then the colonial power controlling Egypt and Sudan), awarding Egypt and Sudan the majority of the water from the Blue and White Nile. The document, however, had no force or legality in international law, given that the Upper Nile riparian states were not party to it, and, in any event, did not recognize Britain’s rights to determine Nile water usage … A 10-person Egypt-Sudan-Ethiopia experts panel concluded that the dam would not “significantly affect” water flow to Egypt and Sudan, and the Government of Sudan said that it accepted the outcome of the finding, and, in June 2013, announced that it supported the Renaissance dam project. Nonetheless, given the closeness between Cairo and Khartoum, the Sudanese Government was in June 2013 still giving sanctuary to some radical jihadist Ethiopian Muslims who have been supporting anti-Government protests in Ethiopia … Egyptian intelligence and military officials were, in June 2013, following Pres. Morsi’s directives to apply security pressures on Ethiopia. Apart from the moves to provide weapons and training to the Somalian Army (with encouragement to take over neighboring independent Somaliland), it also sent an intelligence emissary to the pro- Islamist Government of Somaliland, apparently to sound out the prospect of moving Somaliland away from its friendship with Ethiopi … On June 14, 2013, Defense & Foreign Affairs sources on the ground confirmed that Eritrea was making military moves along the border with the Eritrean border with the Ethiopian state of Tigré … Under the former Egyptian Government of Pres. Hosni Mubarak, the Eritrean Government received significant financial and other support from Cairo to fund insurgent operations against Ethiopia … What seems clear is that the Government of Sudan is attempting to be cautious with Ethiopia, given that Sudan could benefit from hydro- electric power generated from the new dam, but is equally supporting the Egyptian position of applying pressure to Ethiopia via Eritrea. Khartoum is clearly aware of the close relationship between Addis Ababa and Juba, the South Sudan capital, which is not to Sudan’s liking. Equally, Sudan cannot ignore the concerns and pressures of Cairo …
US-Congress H.R. 2901: Senator Paul Simon Water for the World Act of 2013
113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Aug 01, 2013 (Introduced) … to strengthen implementation of the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 by improving the capacity of the United States Government to implement, leverage, and monitor and evaluate programs to provide first-time or improved access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene to the world’s poorest on an equitable and sustainable basis, and for other purposes …
… und einen haben wir noch:
Beste Grüße von der Elbe!
… und einen besonderen Gruß nach UN ESCWA, Beirut mit dickem Dankeschön für den Hinweis auf >Waterinventory Western Asia<!