W A T E R I N T A K E

Jörg Barandat, Hamburg – joerg – watercourse.de – editorial@waternews.de

SWP-Studie: Der »Nexus« Wasser-Energie-Nahrung – Wie mit vernetzten Versorgungsrisiken umgehen?

Mai 2013 Prognosen gehen davon aus, dass bis 2030 die Nachfrage nach Nahrung, Wasser und Energie um je 35, 40 bzw. 50 Prozent steigen wird. Die zu erwartenden Folgen – Wassermangel, Nahrungsmittel- und Energiekrisen – könnten die Sicherheit von Menschen und die Stabilität politischer Systeme gefährden, sowohl innerhalb einzelner Länder als auch über Grenzen hinweg. Alle drei Sektoren … stehen … miteinander in Beziehung und beeinflussen sich wechselseitig, gemäß dem sogenannten »Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus«. So verbraucht beispielsweise der Agrarsektor rund 70 Prozent der weltweit genutzten Süßwasser-Ressourcen, vor allem für die Produktion von Nahrungsmitteln, aber zunehmend auch für den Anbau von Biomasse zur Energieerzeugung. Vernetzte Versorgungsrisiken mit sektor- und grenzüberschreitenden Wechselwirkungen stellen für die Politik eine große Herausforderung dar … Doch um vernetzte Versorgungsrisiken angemessen verstehen, einschätzen und bearbeiten zu können, werden konsequente, kohärente und gleichzeitig flexible Governance-Ansätze benötigt …

– Vernetzte Versorgungsrisiken in den Bereichen Wasser, Energie und Ernährung

– Treiber, Trends und Versorgungsrisiken

– Bevölkerungsentwicklung, Klimawandel und Lebensstandards. Globale Trends und ihre Folgen für die Versorgung mit Wasser, Energie und Nahrung

– Wasser: Steigende Versorgungsrisiken, kein integriertes Ressourcenmanagement

– Energieversorgung: Vom Umgang mit internationalen und vernetzten Versorgungsrisiken

– Nahrungssicherheit: Neue Preismuster potenzieren Versorgungsrisiken und bieten gleichzeitig Reformchancen

– Versorgungsrisiken und Fallstricke für Governance: Fallbeispiele aus zwei Regionen

– Schleppender Umgang mit Versorgungsrisiken im Himalaya-Gebiet

– Versorgungs- und Konfliktrisiken im Nilbecken: Kooperation mit Grenzen

– Der »WEF-Nexus«: Herausforderungen und Handlungsoptionen …

http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-studien-de/swp-studien-detail/article/vernetzte_versorgungsrisiken.html

Siehe zur Thematik auch:

– in W A T E R I N T A K E vom 23.03.2013

22 March 2013 UN-Water releases a new analytical brief “Water Security and the Global Water Agenda”

… Exploring the Water-Food-Energy Security Nexus

… Water, food and energy are inextricably linked security concerns and form a critical nexus for understanding and addressing development challenges … are strategic resources sharing many comparable attributes … Adopting a holistic approach towards the water-energy-food security nexus can help reduce the potential for conflicts and tensions …

http://www.unwater.org/downloads/watersecurity_analyticalbrief.pdf

– in “Given the importance of water, we are flying frighteningly blind …” vom 08.02.2013

Water Risk to Business Is No Small Drip

Jan 30, 2013 At the World Economic Forum in Davos … a group of CEOs—including Shell CEO Peter Voser, and executives from Dow, DuPont, Siemens, McKinsey and others—launched an initiative to address the Food-Energy-Water Stress Nexus. Through this initiative, companies are looking to partner with governments, communities, and non-profits to better understand the complex linkages between food, energy, and water …

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-01-30/water-risk-to-business-is-no-small-drip.html

BEZUGSDOKUMENTE u.a. ..:

Food-Energy-Water Stress Nexus Tool

http://qeeri.org/research-enabl/water-energ-food

02 Feb 13 Report on the Atlantic Council’s Workshop: How the Nexus Impacts Electric Power Production in the United States …

http://www.acus.org/files/publication_pdfs/403/111011_ACUS_EnergyWater.PDF

– Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

… online resource platform … The Bonn2011 Nexus Conference from 16-18 November 2011

http://www.water-energy-food.org/

WASSERSTANDSMELDUNGEN

Rs. 11,000 cr. to augment water supply in city

June 1, 2013 … Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy launched a number of projects … Perhaps with an eye on the 2014 polls, he announced completion of the Krishna Phase III and Godavari drinking water projects by March/April next … “I will monitor the progress on a monthly basis,” the Chief Minister said after laying foundation stone for the third phase of the Krishna project at Sahebnagar … The Godavari Phase I project taken up at a cost of Rs. 3,700 crore would bring another 10 tmcft water to the city. With completion of both these projects, daily water supply to the city would become a reality … http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/rs-11000-cr-to-augment-water-supply-in-city/article4772910.ece

Pakistan Indus Water Commission team inspect power projects in Indian-controlled Kashmir

June 1, 2013 A delegation of Pakistan’s Indus water commission inspected River Jehlum, Wullar Barrage and some power projects in Indian- controlled Kashmir during their two day visit to the region … Water sharing between India and Pakistan has been resolved through a settlement in the name of IWT in 1960. The agreement puts riders on how the two countries use and share the water resources … The treaty has withstood two wars and numerous other conflicts and is regarded as one of the few such international agreements on the sharing of river waters that has been a success, despite the ongoing rivalry between two nuclear neighbors-India and Pakistan … Islamabad is strongly opposing the construction of 439-feet long and 40-feet wide barrage with a navigation lock at Wullar Lake near village Ningli in Sopore … the work was stopped in 1987 following Pakistan’s objections claiming it violates the water sharing treaty between the two countries reached out in 1960.India says the barrage was not in violation of the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) and would be used only for transportation purposes … So far, the two countries have held more than a dozen secretary- level talks to resolve the issue but are yet to reach out at any consensus.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/pakistan-indus-water-commission-team-inspect-power-projects-in-indian-controlled-kashmir-113060100118_1.html

Water vowes dominate poll promises in election bound Rajasthan

June 1, 2013 The issue of water today dominated political public meetings in poll-bound Rajasthan with the ruling Congress claiming that everything possible was done to provide potable water and the BJP, in disagreement to it, promised drinking water facility to people if voted to power. Besides the blame-game on different issues, focus of politicians of both the parties revolved around water in their Yatras which are underway in separate areas in the state. „Congress always gave new dimensions to water and irrigation projects in the state. A big project of Indira Gandhi canal was initiated in the state post independence which benefited Western Rajasthan. Besides, arrangement was made to supply water from Bisalpur dam to cities like Jaipur, Ajmer and Bhilwara,“ PCC President Dr Chandrabhan said at a meeting under ‚Congress Sandesh Yatra‘ in Tonk district’s Uniyara town. Chief minister Ashok Gehlot … claimed that despite all adverse conditions, his government has taken several steps to provide potable water to remote areas in the state and water-related projects were sanctioned for the same. He also accused BJP of indulging in negative politics. On the other hand, BJP state president Vasundhara Raje promised to provide safe water and 24-hour electricity if voted to power in the ensuring assembly elections …

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/water-vowes-dominate-poll-promises-in-election-bound-rajasthan-113060100833_1.html

Egyptians up in arms as Ethiopia builds giant hydro dam on Nile River; minister rules out war

Published May 30, 2013

Ethiopia started to divert the flow of the Blue Nile river to construct a giant dam on Tuesday, according to its state media, in a move that could impact the Nile-dependent Egypt. Downstream nations Egypt and Sudan have objected to the construction, saying it violates a colonial-era agreement which reportedly gives Egypt nearly 70 percent of Nile River waters … Ethiopia’s construction of Africa’s largest hydroelectric dam on the world’s longest river threatens to affect flows of water to Nile-dependent, water-starved Egypt, where there is growing outrage, anger and fear. Egypt in the past has threatened to go to war over its „historic rights“ to Nile River water but diplomats from both countries this week played down the potential for conflict. „A military solution for the Nile River crisis is ruled out,“ Egypt’s irrigation and water resources minister, Mohammed Baheddin, said Thursday amid newspaper reports recalling the threats of war from Egypt’s two previous leaders, Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak … Ethiopia’s unilateral action seems to ignore the 10-nation Nile Basin Initiative to promote cooperation … Ethiopian officials say the dam is needed to provide much-needed power for development … Ethiopia has timed the dam’s construction while Egypt is at its weakest. The government announced the project in March 2011, when Egypt’s government was overwhelmed by the Arab Spring revolution. The Nile diversion came the day after leaders of the two countries met in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, on the sidelines of an African Union summit, and days before Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan were due to issue a technical report on the dam … The World Bank and other donors have refused involvement, reportedly because of Egyptian lobbying of countries like the United States, which considers Egypt a key ally and pivotal to security in the region …

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/05/30/egyptians-up-in-arms-as-ethiopia-builds-giant-hydro-dam-on-nile-river-minister/

Centre unveils national water framework law

May 29, 2013 … and National Guidelines for Inter-State Water Sharing and River Basin Authorities, but the agenda was so heavy and controversial that the meeting of National Forum of (select) State Water Resources Minsters decided to “study” the documents and “discuss” them at a meeting attended by all the States. Almost all the participating States said the proposals should be discussed in a meeting attended by all the States instead of a forum of select ones. Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab expressed strong reservations about central laws infringing upon the States’ powers through these laws and guidelines, sources said … The Framework provides for provision of a minimum requirement of water free of cost, but beyond that it should be increasingly priced on economic principles to avoid waste and ensure supplies. The law envisages a larger role for markets and places a crucial role for River Basin Development. Secondly, the report by the T.S. Daobia Committee, which was asked to suggest a legal framework to constitute an Inter-State River Basin Organisation, has recommended that the defunct River Boards Act, 1956 be replaced with a River Basin Management Act under which River Basin Authorities for different inter-State river basins may be constituted. The earlier plan to have a National River Basin Authority was abandoned as it was apprehended that States will oppose it as an infringement upon their rights … Twelve States participated in the meeting with Rajasthan Minister Hema Ram Chaudhary nominated to head the forum, by rotation, for two years. He said the small panel was formed to create “consensus” on various issues in water resources sector … Seeking the cooperation of State governments for undertaking reforms in the water sector, Water Resources Minister Harish Rawat gave an assurance that the Centre had no plan to encroach upon the power of State governments …

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-unveils-national-water-framework-law/article4763580.ece

New Mexico county first in nation to ban fracking to safeguard water

May 28, 2013 In acting to protect their water supply, the 5,000 residents of poor, conservative Mora County make it the first in the U.S. to ban fracking — hydraulic fracturing for oil … Wells are the Alcons‘ only source of water. The same is true for everyone else in Mora County, which is why last month this poor, conservative ranching region of energy-rich New Mexico became the first county in the nation to pass an ordinance banning hydraulic fracturing, the controversial oil and gas extraction technique known as „fracking“ that has compromised water quantity and quality in communities around the country. „I don’t want to destroy our water,“ Alcon said. „You can’t drink oil“ … landowners turned their back on potentially lucrative royalty payments from drilling on their property and joined in a groundswell of civic opposition to fracking that is rolling west from Ohio, New York and Pennsylvania in the gas-rich Marcellus shale formation …

http://articles.latimes.com/2013/may/28/local/la-me-fracking-ban-20130529

… und dazu passend unser Cartoon im Anhang …

WASSERQUELLEN

Environmental Change and Security Program report 2013

The Need for Conflict-Sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change

… Maßnahmen zur Begrenzung des Klimawandels und Minderung der Vulnerabilität gelten gemeinhin als hilfreich, um Konflikt zu vermeiden. Übersehen wird jedoch, dass sie bestehende Konflikte verstärken oder neue verursachen können, wenn sie nicht umsichtig konzipiert werde … Politikerinnen und Politiker sollten ihr häufig auf Staatsgrenzen beschränktes Denken überwinden, um grenzüberschreitenden Auswirkungen des Klimawandels und Konfliktsituationen besser begegnen zu können … The international community must make substantial financial and political commitments to ensure that climate change does not exacerbate preexisting social and economic injustices. Policymakers, development practitioners, and environmental ministers in states around the world will also have to maintain an open dialogue to create and successfully implement innovative, conflict-sensitive adaptation programs …

http://www.adelphi.de/files/uploads/andere/pdf/application/pdf/the_need_for_conflict_sensitive-adaptation_to_climate_change.pdf

Water Diplomacy + Framework (WDF)

… theory and practice of implementing adaptive water management for complex water issue …

http://waterdiplomacy.org/

Coordination Network

http://waterdiplomacy.org/research-coordination-network/

Tufts University, Medford, MA.

http://sites.tufts.edu/waterdiplomacy/

… und einen noch zum Schluß: Customers steamed about ‚toilet water‘ in their coffee

May 31, 2013 Starbucks customers in Hong Kong’s upscale financial district are steamed at the popular chain store where workers used water from a tap near a urinal to brew their coffee … The coffee shop, in the famous Bank of China Tower, has been using the water from a tap in a toilet to make beverages since its opening in October 2011. Images from local newspaper Apple Daily showed the tap with a sign that said „Starbucks only“ a few feet away from a urinal in the dingy washroom, which the paper said was in the building’s carpark. „Starbucks, you need to make an open declaration that such crap is not repeated anywhere else, and fire the idiot who thought up such kind of water supply ’solution,‘ “ wrote one angry customer on Starbuck’s Hong Kong Facebook page. In its response to the poster, the store apologized. „While the water used at that store was drinking water and certified as safe, we would like to clarify any misperceptions, as quality and safety have always been our top priority,“ the store’s post said. „We are now using distilled water to serve that store while we work with all parties on acceptable options.“ Starbucks spokeswoman Wendy Pang told the AFP that the water was collected less than five times a day by staff from a tap in a toilet located near the store that was dedicated for collecting drinking water. „There is no direct water supply to that particular store, that’s why we need to obtain the drinking water from the nearest source in the building,“ Pang said … http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2013/05/31/hong-kong-starbucks–toilet-water/2375465/

Beste Grüße von der Elbe!

Jörg Barandat
Strohredder 7, 22587 Hamburg
joerg@barandat.eu
watercourse.de
editorial@waternews.de

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