W A T E R I N T A K E

Jörg Barandat – watercourse.de
editorial@waternews.de

Subject: W A T E R I N T A K E

World Water Week

1-6 September 2013 – Stockholm, Sweden … will address the theme „Water Cooperation – Building Partnerships“ …

http://programme.worldwaterweek.org/

WASSERSTANDSMELDUNGEN

Severe Water Shortage Hits Malian City of Gao

May 28, 2013 The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs warns that inhabitants of Gao in eastern Mali are suffering from a severe water shortage. The shortage is a result of fighting in the area, which has damaged the local infrastructure and made it dangerous for aid agencies to bring in water by truck. A joint U.N. mission to assess conditions in Gao found the amount of drinking water available to people has declined by 60 percent in recent weeks, leaving about 70,000 inhabitants extremely vulnerable … “Some neighborhoods in Gao do not have water at all due to dysfunctional pumps and lack of electricity. Outside of the city the situation is even worse because the Niger River is the only source of water and there are concerns about cholera outbreaks …,“ There is no drought in eastern Mali. The water shortage stems from fighting between French-led military forces and Islamist militants that knocked out Gao’s power generator … locals don’t have spare parts to fix the generator, so they are unable to pump water into the pipes. The ongoing insecurity is also preventing the U.N. from sending in water by truck …

http://www.voanews.com/content/mali-gao-severe-water-shortage/1669789.html

Escalating Water Strains In Fracking Regions

05/28/2013 It’s bad enough that Western farmers and ranchers are reeling from a three-year-old drought and record heat waves. Now they’re feeling the heat from the goliath energy industry – over water. From Texas to Colorado, hydraulic fracturing energy production is using larger amounts of water. So much that farmers and other major users are getting increasingly nervous about running out of the precious resource, especially as more people move to these states. In drought-ravaged Texas, fracturing-related water use has doubled in three years, while dozens of communities are imposing water-use restrictions. In Colorado and North Dakota, energy companies are paying exorbitant money – up to 10 times more than farmers typically pay – to secure increasingly scarce municipal water. And, with populations and energy production projected to grow sharply in the coming years, these competitive pressures are likely to worsen … While much of the national fracking debate has focused on water contamination from chemicals, another big concern, especially in the West, is volume water use … Goldman Sachs has similar concerns. “Adequate water supply is a critical ingredient in shale production … but there are significant regional differences (in water supplies),” wrote Goldman Sachs in a report this month, noting the Southwest’s vulnerability to drought and aridness …

http://www.forbes.com/sites/mindylubber/2013/05/28/escalating-water-strains-in-fracking-regions/

Nile dam will not impact Egypt’s water share: Ethiopian minister

27 May 2013 Dam to be used exclusively for power generation and Egypt could benefit from exports of surplus electricity, Ethiopian minister tells reporters … Morsi underlines ‚agreement‘ with Ethiopia over controversial dam Ethiopia will not let ‚Renaissance Dam‘ harm Egypt: Egyptian presidency Egypt worried over negative impact of Ethiopian Dam Egypt will need almost 50 per cent more Nile water by 2050: Experts Ethiopia’s planned Renaissance Dam will not cut into Egypt’s share of Nile water, Ethiopia’s State Minister for Foreign Affairs Berhane Gebre-Christos … Speaking to reporters at the African Union summit in Addis Ababa … Egypt and Ethiopia are members of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI), a partnership among Nile states aimed at sharing the river’s socio-economic benefits and promoting regional security. The Ethiopian official’s announcements echoed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi’s statement … that he had reached an agreement with Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn that both countries‘ interests would be addressed during the building of the dam in Ethiopia. The Renaissance Dam is one of four dams analysts say could be built along the Blue Nile … A joint committee of Egyptian, Sudanese, and Ethiopian experts has been meeting for almost two years to examine the plan of construction for the Renaissance Dam and its possible effects on, among other issues, Egypt’s share of Nile water. Egypt will need an additional 21 billion cubic metres a year by 2050, on top of its current 55 billion metres quota, to meet the water needs of a projected population of 150 million people according to Egypt’s National Planning Institute announced.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/3/12/72412/Business/Economy/Nile-dam-will-not-impact-Egypts-water-share-Ethiop.aspx

Water flows from Lake Kinneret to Jordan River

05/26/2013 … Water from Lake Kinneret began to flow on Sunday afternoon into the Jordan River, signaling the onset of a comprehensive government plan to rehabilitate the polluted and diminished river. The project will enable the discharge of approximately 1,000 cubic meters of water per hour, with the ultimate goal of replenishing the Jordan with 30 million cubic meters per year. At the same time, sewage and brackish water will be removed from the riverbed and treated, according to the Water Authority, which is overseeing the project in conjunction with many other organizations and government bodies … “Israeli water has recovered from a major crisis that befell us for the past eight years,” Water Authority Commissioner Alexander Kushnir said. “We have established a system of desalination plants, water purification and waste water reuse facilities, along with optimizing the use and conservation of citizens – which has enabled the Water Authority to significantly increase the amount of water allocated to nature, along with the ever-increasing restoration of natural water resources.” … The other organizations and bodies participating in the cleanup that came together as the Jordan Rehabilitation Administration in 2009 under the Lower Jordan River Drainage Authority and including the Environmental Protection Ministry, the Israel Nature and Parks Authority, Emek Hamayanot Regional Council and Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael-Jewish National Fund … “The return of flow from the Kinneret to the Jordan is another symbolic but important step in the restoration of Israel’s natural systems,” Israel Nature and Parks Authority director-general Shaul Goldstein said. “The successful cooperation among the authorities plus the development of desalination technologies brings changes that will benefit nature” … Rehabilitating the Jordan River means restoring an asset that will enable Israel to attract visitors from all over the world, according to Environmental Protection Minister Amir Peretz … Jordan should be responsible for 90 million cubic meters while Syria should be responsible for 100 million cubic meters … Saad Abu Hammour, head of the Jordan Valley Authority on the Jordanian side of the river, has praised the Israeli project and has said that the Jordanian team is working together with the Israeli team … http://www.jpost.com/Enviro-Tech/Water-flows-from-Lake-Kinneret-to-Jordan-River-314442

Wasser marsch!

26.05.13 Jeden Tag bekommen wir es eingebläut: Nutze Strom aus erneuerbaren Energiequellen. Fliege weniger mit dem Flugzeug. Kerosin schädigt die Umwelt! Die Umwelt dankt es dir. Ach ja? Wie eigentlich? Mit Superwetter ja wohl nicht gerade! Es regnet ohne Unterlass, danke für gar nichts! Aber das bringt uns zum Thema, denn Hamburg hat zwar Ebbe in der Kasse, aber Wasser in Massen. Soviel regnet es hier, dass die Geschäftsführerin des Versorgungsunternehmens Hamburg Wasser die Leute aufruft, mehr Wasser zu verbrauchen, denn sonst steige der Grundwasserpegel zu sehr an. Wasser zu sparen sei ökologisch gesehen „idiotisch“, sagt die Frau, die es wissen muss. Also, Hamburger, ran ans Verschwenden! Jedem, der beim Zähneputzen noch den Hahn zudreht, soll die Zahnpastatube platzen! Immer schön baden und die Spartaste aus dem Klospülkasten deaktivieren! Und statt den Toaster anzuwerfen, einfach mal mit dem Auto zum Brötchenholen oder um den Block fahren, um den CO2 Ausstoß zu erhöhen. Das beschleunigt die Erderwärmung und senkt langfristig dann auch den gefährlich hohen Grundwasserspiegel.

http://www.welt.de/print/wams/hamburg/article116519405/Wasser-marsch.html

Syria cyber attacked Haifa’s water system

05.25.13 Israeli official says failed cyber attack was launched two weeks ago; hundreds of such attacks every minute against crucial infrastructure … Syria has attempted … to launch a cyber attack against Haifa’s water system, in retaliation to the alleged Israeli attack in Damascus a month ago … Israeli critical infrastructures such as electricity, water and the stock exchange undergo hundreds of cyber attacks every minute „… There’s the ‚Syrian Electronic Army‘ which acts against Israel and we’re not sure who’s behind it. … „They attacked two weeks ago the Haifa water system because they apparently spotted an opportunity, which failed“ …

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4383931,00.html

Global majority faces water shortages ‚within two generations‘. Experts call on governments to start conserving water in face of climate change, pollution and over-use

24 May 2013 … The world’s water systems would soon reach a tipping point that „could trigger irreversible change with potentially catastrophic consequences“, more than 500 water experts warned on Friday as they called on governments to start conserving the vital resource. They said it was wrong to see fresh water as an endlessly renewable resource because, in many cases, people are pumping out water from underground sources at such a rate that it will not be restored within several lifetimes. „These are self-inflicted wounds,“ said Charles Vörösmarty, a professor at the Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology Centre. „We have discovered tipping points in the system. Already, there are 1 billion people relying on ground water supplies that are simply not there as renewable water supplies.“ A majority of the population – about 4.5 billion people globally – already live within 50km of an „impaired“ water resource – one that is running dry, or polluted. If these trends continue, millions more will see the water on which they depend running out or so filthy that it no longer supports life … Climate change is likely to cause an increase in the frequency and severity of droughts, floods, heatwaves and storms … Cheap technology to pump water from underground and rivers, and few restrictions on its use, has led to the over-use of scarce resources for irrigation or industrial purposes, with much of the water wasted because of poor techniques … Most of the areas where water will be scarcest soonest are in poor countries, which have little resilience to cope. Many are also in areas where there is already political instability, tension or outright conflict, and the competition for water resources will heighten these problems … But the scientists warned that the developed world would also suffer … The scientists, meeting in Bonn this week, called on politicians to include tough new targets on improving water in the sustainable development goals that will be introduced when the current millennium development goals expire in 2015. They want governments to introduce water management systems that will address the problems of pollution, over-use, wastage and climate change …

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/may/24/global-majority-water-shortages-two-generations

BEZUG: GWSP Conference: ‚Water in the Anthropocene: Challenges for Science and Governance. Indicators, Thresholds and Uncertainties of the Global Water System‘, Bonn, 21-24 May 2013 …

http://conference2013.gwsp.org/

The Bonn Declaration on Global Water Security …

http://www.gwsp.org/fileadmin/documents_news/Bonn_Water_Declaration_final.pdf

Water rights for WSU golf course disputed

May 23, 2013 …Washington State University’s Palouse Ridge Golf Course needs lots of water to stay green in the dry summers – more water than some people think the university has a right to use, even though state agencies have so far rejected challenges to the school’s new permits to tap decades-old groundwater rights. But Thursday the state Supreme Court seemed to be weighing whether using water for the golf course, which opened in 2008, was contemplated in the university’s water rights, some of which date to the 1930s … The university has rights that cover the water it uses, but opponents contend some of those water rights aren’t valid and should have lapsed years ago, when the university didn’t take advantage of them for more than five years … The state Department of Ecology and the Pollution Control Hearings Board should not have allowed WSU to dig new wells under those old water rights … The court took the case under advisement, which typically means a decision will be announced later this year.

http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2013/may/23/water-rights-wsu-golf-course-disputed/

Asian Water Summit Focuses on Security, Disaster

May 22, 2013 Resource experts say many Asian countries face a potential water crisis unless they address mismanagement that could lead to severe shortages of clean water. Other states struggle to contain massive floods. The site of a just-concluded regional summit on the managing water supplies and disasters … For the region’s biggest users – India and China – there is a heavy price to pay for development, said U.N. Habitat advisor Dr. Kulwant Singh. “Most of the industries that are driving the economic growth of the region require reliable supplies of fresh water for some part of their production cycle. Secondly, the regions expanding urban population needs more water for drinking, for personal hygiene, and for the industry, institutions and urban agriculture,“ said the advisor. Studies say that water demand in India will double in the next 20 years to 1.5 trillion cubic meters, with China’s needs rising by 32 percent. Meanwhile, dams are being built on the Mekong river, and at least 11 new ones are in the planning stage … These developments worry many, including government delegates attending the conference. “Over 60 percent of Vietnam’s total water resources come from outside our territories and is distributed unevenly across and geographical regions of which 60 percent of the water resources is found in the south in the Mekong delta river,“ said Nguyen Thien Nhan, Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam …

http://www.voanews.com/content/asian-water-summit-focuses-on-security-disaster/1666123.html

Asia-Pacific leaders warn of ‘water conflict’

May 21, 2013 … Fierce competition for water could trigger conflict unless nations cooperate to share the diminishing resource, leaders from Asia-Pacific nations warned … From Central to Southeast Asia, regional efforts to secure water have sparked tensions between neighbours reliant on rivers to sustain booming populations. Breakneck urbanisation, climate change and surging demand from agriculture have heaped pressure on scarce water supplies, while the majority of people in Asia-Pacific still lack access to safe water despite strong economic growth. “There could be a fight over resources,” Thailand’s Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra cautioned in an address to a regional water security forum in the northern Thai city of Chiang Mai. “No country in this region can handle these challenges alone,” she said, hailing forums such as the Asia-Pacific Water Summit as the route to satisfying countries’ thirst peacefully …

http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-1-178836-Asia-Pacific-leaders-warn-of-%20water-conflict

BEZUG: 2nd Asia-Pacific Water Summit (2nd APWS): “Water Security and Water-related Disaster Challenges: Leadership and Commitment”, 14th– 20th May 2013, Chiang Mai, Thailand …

http://info.apwatersummit2.org/

Chiang Mai declaration

http://info.apwatersummit2.org/chiang-mai-declaration/

NDTV-Film: 20.05.2013 India’s water crisis: A man-made problem with no solution?

… a complete water crisis around India. What seemed a scenario somewhere way into the future is now a reality: from policemen actually guarding water …

Türkei: Vom Staudamm vertrieben – Die Türkei setzt auf Wasserkraft. Dafür zerstört sie Flüsse, siedelt Anrainer um und flutet historische Stätten

02.05.2013 … Die Türkei wird umgegraben. In den saftig grünen Tälern hinter den Schwarzmeerstädten Trabzon und Rize fließt reichlich Wasser – und diesen Rohstoff will die Regierung nutzen. Sie baut Wasserkraftwerke. Emissionsfrei und „klimafreundlich“ nennt sie ihre Pläne. „Menschenfeindlich“ nennen es empörte Bürger. „Arbeitsintensiv“ finden es die Polizisten, ihre wütenden Landsleute in Schach halten zu müssen. Die Türkei ist extrem abhängig von Erdgas aus Russland und dem Iran, jedes Jahr wächst die Energierechnung. Deshalb grassiert nicht nur bei Trabzon das Kraftwerksfieber. Überall in Anatolien lässt die Regierung Erdoğan Wasserkraftwerke bauen, kleine, große, gigantische. Derzeit laufen 172 Kraftwerke, 148 sind im Bau, weitere 1.418 geplant. Insgesamt sollen in den nächsten zehn Jahren 1.738 Wasserkraftwerke den schnell wachsenden Energiebedarf der Türkei decken helfen. Dafür werden Flüsse auf 10.000 Kilometer Länge einbetoniert und ganze Landschaften geflutet. Betroffen sind nicht nur türkische Regionen, sondern auch die Nachbarländer, denen das Wasser abgegraben wird. Der Kampf um das Wasser Anatoliens ist in vollem Gange … In der Gegend von Trabzon lebten bis in die 1920er Jahre viele pontische Griechen, bevor die türkische Armee sie vertrieb. Delal ist hier aufgewachsen, die grünen Hänge waren sein Kinderzimmer, der klare Fluss sein Wasserhahn. Jetzt ist der 67-Jährige Aktivist geworden, um zu verteidigen, was sein Leben war. „In der östlichen Region des Schwarzen Meers sind 376 Wasserkraftwerke geplant … Das Wasser wird von einem öffentlichen Gut zum Rohstoff der Energiefirmen“, klagt Delal. Ein Gerichtsentscheid erlaubte den Konzernen, bis zu neunzig Prozent des Wassers zu nutzen. Der Rest fließt weiter, verschmutzt durch die Bassins und vieler Arten beraubt durch die Kanalisierung. Die Folgen für die Natur sind verheerend, wissen Umweltschützer. Wo die ersten Kraftwerke stehen, habe der Fischbestand rapide abgenommen, sagt Delal. „Das Wasser ist unser Leben.“ Der Fluss halte die Täler in den feuchtheißen Sommern angenehm kühl, ein Rinnsal könne das nicht. Die Artenvielfalt schwinde, statt Bienen und Schmetterlingen flögen nun Mückenschwärme herum, ausgebrütet in den Auffangbecken der Talsperren. Neuerdings schicke die Kreisverwaltung Spezialwagen durchs Tal, die ein Gas gegen die Mücken einsetzten. Das raffe gleich alle Insekten dahin … In Südostanatolien hat das höchste Gericht sogar den Bau eines Megastaudamms vorläufig verboten. Trotzdem wird munter weitergebaut. Die Regierung Erdoğan ändert zielstrebig Gesetze, um jeden juristischen Widerstand zu ersticken. Im Dezember 2010 hat sie sogar Kraftwerksbauten in Naturschutzgebieten ermöglicht. Halten Gerichtsprozesse die Bagger auf, wird das Land kurzerhand verstaatlicht. Und im Februar schaffte Ankara die Abteilung für Umweltveränderungen im Umweltministerium ab … Südostanatolien, das Kurdengebiet … Durch die Steppe fließt breit und mächtig der Tigris. Schroffe Felsen und uralte Städte säumen die Ufer. Östlich der Stadt Midyat aber hat sich das Tal des Tigris in eine Mondlandschaft verwandelt. Von einem nahen Berg lässt sich das Zerstörungswerk ermessen: Kilometerweit graben Bagger die Landschaft um. Am Rande der Baustelle entstehen neue Dörfer … In der Tigris-Schlucht wächst die Staumauer hoch. Rohrleitungen treten aus der Erde und verschwinden wieder. Vom Tigris selbst ist nicht mal mehr ein Rinnsal zu sehen. Der Ilisu-Staudamm ist eines von 22 Megaprojekten in Südostanatolien. Vor mehr als drei Jahrzehnten ersannen Bürokraten in Ankara das Südostanatolien-Projekt, um die wirtschaftlich rückständige Gegend zu entwickeln. Damals galten Staudämme und Kernkraft als die Lösung aller Energieprobleme. In der Türkei ist der Glaube an die unbegrenzte Nutzung der Natur noch weit verbreitet … Erdoğan vergleicht sein Land gern mit China (das noch mehr Staudämme baut) und will im nächsten Jahrzehnt Deutschland an Wirtschaftskraft übertreffen. Dafür braucht sein Land Energie aus jeder möglichen Quelle … Das Wasser, heute noch ihr Leben, wird morgen ihr Untergang. Hasankeyf hat noch drei Jahre. Dann wird das Städtchen am Boden des Stausees liegen. Nur die Spitze der Moschee soll noch aus dem Wasser ragen. In der ganzen Region werden 40.000 bis 60.000 Menschen vertrieben … Im Südirak fürchten die Marscharaber schon heute den großen Wasserdiebstahl. Wenn der Ilisu-Damm steht, werden der Tigris und seine Zuflüsse in der Türkei auf 400 Kilometer Länge aufgestaut. Der Stausee wird mit 313 Quadratkilometern beinahe so groß wie der Gardasee sein. In Ilisu fließen heute bis zu 300 Kubikmeter Wasser pro Sekunde. Mit der fertigen Talsperre sollen es nur noch 60 Kubikmeter sein. Das wird Leben und Einkommen vieler Iraker bedrohen. Es wird nicht nur weniger Wasser ankommen, es wird auch stärker verschmutzt sein, wenn die Türken ihre Pläne wahr machen und neue Felder schwemmen. Der Atatürk-Staudamm am benachbarten Euphrat hat gezeigt, welche Folgen Dammbauwahn haben kann … Nach einer neuen Studie der University of California in Irvine, die Nasa-Daten auswertete, hat Mesopotamien zwischen Euphrat und Tigris von 2003 bis 2010 insgesamt 144 Kubikkilometer Wasser verloren. Das ist so viel wie das ganze Tote Meer zwischen Israel und Jordanien ..

http://www.zeit.de/2013/19/tuerkei-staudamm-umweltzerstoerung

WASSERQUELLEN

National Stakeholder Consultations on Water: Supporting the Post-2015 Development Agenda

20 May 2013 … The purpose of the national stakeholder consultations on water was to listen to country needs and priorities regarding the post-2015 agenda for water and sustainable development. The consultations aimed to get the voice of stakeholders on water issues to obtain a deeper qualitative understanding of individual country priorities … Each country consultation discussed priorities in water resources management, water supply and sanitation, wastewater treatment and water quality management … The consultations identified the need for both investing in appropriate infrastructure and in improving water management. The consultations proposed a range of national goals that demonstrate the diversity across countries according to local circumstances and took into account identified threats from increasing urbanisation, population growth, pollution and a more variable climate. Many country consultations highlighted the need for water security and also showed a broad similarity on the following three key needs … achieving improved water resources management using an integrated approach … achieving safe and reliable drinking water supplies and sanitation for all people … managing risk … to mitigate impacts of extreme events and climate change …

http://www.worldwewant2015.org/file/349243/download/379761

The World Water Development Report (WWDR)

… the annual report will address the theme „Water and Energy“ in 2014 (WWDR5) and „Water and Sustainable Development“ in 2015 (WWDR6). The WWDR will be launched on the occasion of World Water Day on 22 March …

http://www.unwater.org/documents.html

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