LawThirsty States Take Water Battle To Supreme Court
April 21, 2013 A dispute over Texas‘ access to the Kiamichi River, which is located in Oklahoma, has started a longer legal battle that is headed to the Supreme Court … The winner gets water. And this is not a game … The case pits Oklahoma against Texas over rights to water from the river that forms part of the border between them. Depending on how the court decides, it could impact interstate water-sharing agreements across the country … North Texas is one of the fastest-growing regions in one of the fastest-growing states. Cities like Arlington and Fort Worth have enjoyed a surge of growth that’s brought new jobs, businesses and development. The future looks bright for this part of Texas, but it also looks dry … Water officials say the North Texas region’s growth is outpacing the water supply nearby … The Red River, less than 75 miles from Fort Worth, seems like an ideal solution to the Tarrant Water District’s problem. It forms the border between Oklahoma and Texas as it flows southeast on its way to the Gulf of Mexico. Texas and Oklahoma already have a formal agreement on how to share water from the Red River. In 1980, Congress ratified the Red River Compact, giving the two states — along with Arkansas and Louisiana — an equitable apportionment of water from the river and its tributaries. But what’s „equitable“ is arguable. And that’s what the Supreme Court case is all about … Southeastern Oklahoma is the opposite of North Texas … The people may be poor, but the land is water-rich, thanks to a confluence of rivers and streams, and reservoirs built with federal funding … Texas has long wanted to dip its straw here, too. Texas has tried to buy Oklahoma water from the state, its cities and towns, and its Native American tribes. But Oklahoma lawmakers have blocked those efforts with a string of laws restricting out-of-state water exports … Oklahomans respond that Texas hasn’t gotten serious enough about conservation … State and local policymakers and water authorities throughout the country are closely watching the outcome of the case, says Stephen Draper, a water expert who helped write guidelines for interstate water sharing for the American Society of Civil Engineers. Here’s why: The Red River Compact contains a lot of the same boilerplate language used in other state-to-state water sharing agreements. „It all revolves around the question of whether water is a commodity in and of itself,“ Draper says. If Oklahoma’s protectionist water laws are upheld, Draper says other states could be inspired to pass similar laws of their own.
Water Rights Tear at an Indian Reservation
April 21, 2013 — In a place where the lives and histories of Indian tribes and white settlers intertwine like mingling mountain streams, a bitter battle has erupted on this land over the rivers running through it … A water war is roiling the Flathead Indian Reservation here in western Montana, and it stretches from farms, ranches and mountains to the highest levels of state government, cracking open old divisions between the tribes and descendants of homesteaders who were part of a government-led land rush into Indian country a century ago … Dependable water supplies mean the difference between dead fields and a full harvest throughout the arid West, and the Flathead is no exception. Snowmelt flows down from the ragged peaks to irrigate fields of potatoes and wheat. It feeds thirsty cantaloupes and honeydew melons. Cutthroat trout splash in the rivers. Elk drink from the streams. So when the government and the reservation’s tribal leaders devised an agreement that would specify who was entitled to the water, and how much they could take from the reservoirs and ditches, there was bound to be some discord … There have been accusations of racism and sweetheart deals, secret meetings and influence-peddling in Helena, the state capital. Lawsuits have been threatened. Competing Web sites have sprung up. Some farmers have refused to sell oats to those on the other side of the argument … The proposed compact is 1,400 pages long, a decade in the making and bewilderingly complex. Essentially, it helps to lay out the water rights of the tribe and water users like farmers and ranchers … The tribes say they have given up claims to millions of gallons of water to reach the deal. They say it is the only way to avoid expensive legal battles that could tie up the state’s western water resources in court for decades to come. But the deal has rankled farmers and ranchers on the reservation, who fear they could lose half the water they need to grow wheat and hay and to water their cattle … At the heart of the dispute is a question that has haunted the United States’ relations with indigenous people for centuries and provoked countless killings, dislocations, treaties and court battles: Who has a claim to the land and its resources? …
Water diversion project under fire …
21 Apr 2013 [Thailand] Activists have voiced their opposition to Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Suraswadi’s plan to divert water from the Salween and Mekong rivers to feed the water-starved Northeast. The proposed projects are not the right solution to the drought problem in the region, they said. Mr Plodprasop, who chairs the government’s Water Management and Flood Prevention Commission, said last week that the body is considering three options to increase the water supply in northeastern provinces, which have long suffered from shortages, especially in the annual dry season. The options are to divert water either from the Mekong or Salween rivers, or from other waterways in Laos. Whichever is chosen, the project is likely to cost 100 billion baht and should get under way within the next few years … He added that the preferred and easiest option, due to the geography of the region, is to divert water from the Mekong, which forms part of the Thai-Lao border … Hannarong Yaowalers, chairman of Thai-Water Partnerships, said the project is set to repeat the failures of the notorious Mekong-Chi-Moon water diversion scheme. That project, which was completed in 1991, failed to come close to achieving its targets … Also, Laos has expanded its farmlands in the area, putting increased demand on water from the Mekong, which forms most of the border between the two countries, the activist said … Mr Hannarong also warned farmers not to get too excited about the diversion project as it would likely result in them paying higher prices for their water. Instead of looking to divert water, the government should focus on preserving natural water sources, especially wetlands, which can provide water all year round, he said. It should also consider investing in the construction of small-scale reservoirs for community use. Pianporn Deetes, the Thailand campaign coordinator for International Rivers, said the water diversion project could also spark conflict with neighbouring countries if Thailand simply draws water from the Mekong and Salween without first getting permission. It must get consent from other countries that source water from the two rivers … Meanwhile, the Northern People Network yesterday released a statement calling on the government to scrap its 350 billion baht water management scheme. The organisation said several dams, dykes, reservoirs and waterways built under the scheme would have an immense impact on the local ecological system. The projects comprising the scheme were drawn up hastily by the government without the involvement of local people and other stakeholders, the statement said … The projects are also likely to stir up land disputes and lead to the displacement of villagers …
20b cubic meters of water added to reservoirs – Dashti Sistan-Baluchestan Dams Secure
Apr 18 2013 Close to 20 billion cubic meters have been added to the storage capacity of Iran’s reservoirs during the tenure of ninth and tenth governments (since 2005), said the energy minister. Majid Namjou added that the designing of the pipeline for transferring Caspian Sea water to the Central Plateau of Iran has been completed … Meanwhile, Ahmad Aqebat-Bekheir, caretaker of Sistan-Baluchestan Regional Water Company, said the earthquake that hit Saravan on Tuesday inflicted no damage on local dams … http://www.zawya.com/story/20b_cubic_meters_of_water_added_to_reservoirs-ZAWYA20130418052715/?lok=052700130418&&zawyaemailmarketing
20 water, wastewater projects ready for launch
Apr 18 2013 Hussein Bonakdari, the deputy head of Water and Wastewater Engineering Company for planning and development … said that once the projects, which are underway under Mehr-e Mandegar Plan, become operational, the capacity of the country’s water supply networks and wastewater treatment centers will increase by 34 percent and 50 percent respectively … implementation of these projects will play a very important role in improving the social and health indices of the country, adding that 44 water supply projects are being implemented in 22 provinces of the country. „About 15 million people will benefit from the services to be rendered by the projects,“ … Bonakdari pointed out that 28 wastewater projects are being implemented in 22 provinces of the country …
Water crisis looms over city
Apr 15, 2013 The declining water level in Ganga has rung the alarm bells for Jal Sansthan authorities who depend on the river for ensuring water supply in the city. If the water level continues to decline in a similar fashion in next 20 days, a major water crisis may crop up in the month of May … One solution to the problem lies in releasing water into Ganga from dams like Narora … The river has majorly drifted away from city ghats … The decline in water level can also be witnessed at Ganga Barrage from where normally three crore litres of water is fetched … The water pipes of Bhairaoghat pumping station that used to remain fully submerged under water are now clearly visible. The bottom end of the dredging machines can also be seen. Meanwhile, villagers of Katri region have started using the dried patches of the riverbed for cultivating seasonal vegetables and crops …
Training engineers, not Ganga
Apr 2013 Hydropower is important. But how important? Is it important enough to dry up stretches of our rivers? Or is there a way to balance the need of energy with the imperative of a flowing, healthy river? I have been grappling with these issues for the past few months. But now that the committee (of which I was a member) on the hydropower projects on the Ganga has submitted its report, let me explain how I see the way ahead. The Ganga in the upper reaches has been an engineer’s playground. The Central Electricity Authority and the Uttarakhand power department have estimated the river’s hydroelectric potential at some 9,000 MW and planned 70-odd projects on its tributaries … In this way, hydropower would re-engineer the Ganga. It would also dry up the river in many stretches. Most of the proposed projects are run-of-the-river schemes, which are seemingly benevolent as compared to
large dams. But only if the project is carefully crafted to ensure that the river remains a river and does not turn into an engineered drain. On the Ganga, many projects were planned and were being built so that one project would divert water from the river, channel it to where energy would be generated and then discharge it back into the river. But the next project would be built even before the river could regain its flow. So, the river would simply dry up over entire stretches … The river had enough to give us but only if we put the river first, our needs nex …
Thirsty India looks to Murray-Darling model
April 15, 2013 Australia’s experience in managing the water of the Murray-Darling Basin is being used to help India address one of the world’s most serious looming water crises. India, densely populated and overwhelmingly agricultural, faces a serious water shortage as a growing population, less reliable monsoon rainfall, and the demands of industrialisation combine to deplete an already-scarce resource. A recent report by McKinsey and Company found that by 2030, India’s demand for water would be more than double its supply … The Australian government’s eWater agency has signed a memorandum of understanding to share its hydrological modelling platform Source with the Indian Institute of Technology. Australia developed the Source software over 15 years, at a cost of more than $300 million, as a modelling tool to improve the management of Australia’s major river system, the Murray-Darling Basin. In Delhi, eWater chief executive Gary Jones said there were similarities in India’s river basins to the Murray-Darling experience, including competing demands for water from different sectors, conflict between states over water rights, high rainfall variability, and the effects of climate change … Mechanisms like a water price, which has been used successfully in the Murray-Darling to return water to the environment, might not work in India, “because you would exclude those who need water but simply cannot afford it“ …
Storing water is an old concept that takes on new importance
04/13/2013 Storing water has always been critical in California. Today the strategies are changing to meet a new generation of challenges. As our state moves forward with long-term plans to modernize our aging water system, expanding our water-storage capabilities is a central part of the equation. In our grandparents‘ era, water storage projects were a means to increase supply. Today they are more about building operational flexibility to meet 21st-century needs. Under a new water policy paradigm formalized by the Legislature in 2009, our system of canals, reservoirs and conveyance facilities must be managed for the dual goals of a healthy ecosystem and a reliable water supply. We cannot meet that mandate without more places to „park“ water — both above and below the Delta — for relatively short periods of time … Climate change — with its specter of higher peak flood flows and more extreme drought in the future — makes it even more important that we develop this kind of flexibility … As state and federal agencies move closer to a decision on the Bay Delta Conservation Plan later this year, new storage capacity must be a key component of the state’s water solution. Additional storage will be critical to allow project operators to pump more water in wet years and less in dry and environmentally sensitive times for species. It will take an „all-of-the-above“ approach to create a sustainable water delivery system in California for the next century. That means investing in more storage to equip our system to meet today’s demands for ecosystem health, ease the pressure on Delta levees and provide a more reliable water supply …
Drinking water was given priority as per govt policy
Apr 11, 2013 Mumbai: Against the backdrop of reports claiming that he was in the know when water meant for irrigation was diverted to industry, Maharashtra Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar today said the priority was given to allocation of water for drinking as per the government policy. “Government’s then policy was prioritising allocation of water for drinking, then for industry and then farmers. Around 1.5 years ago, the policy was changed to first drinking, then farmers and then industry” …
siehe auch: April 12, 2013 Irrigation water diverted for industries and domestic use in Maharashtra …
Palestinian NGO accuses Israel of ‚water apartheid‘
04/11/2013 Israel Water Authority dismisses claim as ‚political weapon,‘; says Palestinians breaching water agreement. A report by a Palestinian NGO has accused Israel of practicing „water apartheid“ and depriving Palestinians of their “rightful water supply.” Israel’s Water Authority has dismissed the report as a “political weapon.” Titled “Water For One People Only: Discriminatory Access and ‘Water-Apartheid’ in the Occupied Palestinian Territories,” the report is a product of the Ramallah-based non-governmental organization Al-Haq. The document slams Israel for providing “discriminatory access” to water and enacting “water apartheid” policies that result in the 500,000 Israelis in the West Bank and east Jerusalem receiving six times the amount of water that the 2.6 million Palestinians in the same area do … The authors blast Israel for maintaining exclusive control over the Mountain Aquifer and accuse Mekorot of continually reducing Palestinian water supplies to satisfy settlement water needs during the summer months. Describing Israel’s role as that of an “occupying power,” the authors go on to criticize the country for violating international humanitarian law, under which is it not supposed to receive sovereign rights over the occupied territory or its natural resources … Palestinians “are denied their basic right to water and full development as a group,” the authors write … In response to the document, the Israeli Water Authority stressed that “it was not for nothing” that both sides signed the Oslo agreement, which also received the approval of the United States, Russia, the European Union, Norway, Egypt and Jordan. “It is surprising that the Palestinian Authority uses the subject of water as a ‘political weapon’ while the water agreement granted the Palestinians quantities of water and well-being that they never had before,” the Water Authority said … Countering the report’s claims that Israel has sovereign power over decisions regarding water distribution, the Water Authority noted that the Joint Water Committee includes representatives from both Israel and the PA, with the sides enjoying equal status. The Joint Water Committee has approved hundreds of projects, most of which are Palestinian and of which 100 are water wells, the authority added … To help the Palestinians develop their water system, Israel provides Palestinian water professionals with training and courses on sanitation, waste-water treatment, water reuse and desalination, the Water Authority response stressed … Opposing the claims that Israel has been violating the Oslo Accords, the Water Authority said that the Palestinians are the ones infringing the agreement. Although the PA is required to purify its sewage, it does not and instead sends about 17 million cubic meters of sewage into Israel annually, the authority noted. This occurs despite international offers worth hundreds of millions of dollars to upgrade the Palestinian water sector, the response continued. In addition, the PA loses more than 33% of its water due to faulty water pipes, and by reducing losses and treating sewage, could increase its usable water supply by 50 million cubic meters annually, the Water Authority said. “The report seeks to absolve the Palestinian Authority of its commitments according to the agreement that was signed by them, and makes demands of the State of Israel far beyond what was agreed upon in the water accord,” the Water Authority said.
08 April 2013 Water For One People Only: Discriminatory Access and ‘Water-Apartheid’ in the Occupied Palestinian Territory …
direct zum Dokument: http://www.alhaq.org/publications/Water-For-One-People-Only.pdf
… was sonst noch so war:
The Year of Recurring Disasters: A Review of Natural Disasters in 2012
March 2013 … report … examine four topics: disasters in 2012, with a focus on recurring disasters; the role of regional organizations in disaster risk management; wildfires; and the important role of women in disaster risk management … disasters have severe negative effects on human development by undermining the resilience of affected individuals and communities. Resolving livelihood issues as well as finding durable solutions for those displaced by disasters are core components of successful disaster recovery. The devastation caused by recurring disasters in 2012 also highlights the need for increased commitment and investment in disaster risk reduction … In most regions, governments and other actors see value in working together to prevent disasters and, to a lesser extent, to respond to disasters occurring in the region. In several important cases, international organizations have supported the development of strong regional initiatives. While there are few binding regional instruments in disaster risk management, regional organizations have worked out different mechanisms for encouraging collaboration, including frameworks for disaster risk reduction, regional military protocols, joint training exercises and regional insurance schemes …
The American sequester and us
No19 – 22 April 2013 Following President Obama’s budget proposal on 8 April, the US has embarked on another round of negotiations in attempts to reach a fiscal deal … Although the origins of this dispute are clearly to be found in domestic politics, they increasingly have foreign policy implications as well. They are likely to have an impact across the Atlantic – where fiscal austerity and budgetary cuts are equally underway, albeit for reasons that do not entirely coincide – and an effect on EU-US security cooperation …
… und dazu passend: 130413 LUOJIE_CHINA DAILY_Pentagon.jpg
The New Great Game in Asia
27 March 2013 … The previous great game was played in one part of Asia and the players were form Europe. Britain and Russia worked hard to gain influence over Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries. London wished to install a puppet regime in Kabul to protect the northwest flank of its Indian Empire. Moscow, indulging in its perennial quest to gain access to a body of warm water, saw Afghanistan along with the northwest parts of British India offering one way of achieving this goal. Rudyard Kipling called it a “great game” since the contestants chose not to fight but to manoeuvre in a not very crowded field. Two different contestants are playing the new game. There are some major differences too. This time, the entire Asian continent is in play and one of the contestants is not from within the area. This paper examines how the two new teams of policy makers in Beijing and Washington are entering the contest and outlines some of the problems they face … we will see in the years ahead a great deal of great-power activity in Asia. Most of this activity will be in the area of international commerce. Each capital is already attempting to exclude the other from the many arrangements that are being put in place to manage international trade. President Obama is working on two initiatives that don`t include China. In 2012 he launched the Trans-Pacific Partnership Initiative. In early 2013, he proposed a great trans-Atlantic alliance with the aim of creating a free-trade area, with the United States and the European Union as the two partners. Even though both countries will be primarily focused on managing the faltering domestic economies, Asia will loom large when they turn their attention to areas beyond their borders …
Drawdown from Afghanistan and implications for the 2013 White Paper
Minister for Defence Stephen Smith MP – Speech – Australian Strategic Policy Institute
16 April 2013 … What the United States and Afghanistan agree about the United States presence in Afghanistan post 2014 transition, and what role any United States forces left behind will play, is the starting point. Once that is clearer, then Australia and other NATO/ISAF countries will be able to make a judgement about what role, if any, we and they might play … Australia is committed to support Afghanistan through to transition in December 2014 and beyond … The Comprehensive Long-Term Partnership demonstrates that Australia is committed to supporting Afghanistan beyond 2014, through cooperation in the areas of security, trade and development, and building the capacity of Afghanistan’s national institutions. Australia is not alone in its long-term commitment to Afghanistan … Australia must continue to be clear sighted about its objective in Afghanistan. Our objective is to prevent Afghanistan from again becoming a safe haven or breeding ground for international terrorists. An effective ANSF and other Afghan institutions will be critical in ensuring this … Notably since the deployment of Australian forces in Afghanistan under the NATO-led ISAF mission, Australia’s relations with NATO and its member countries and partners have expanded considerably in many areas … Our experience over the last ten years in Afghanistan has also highlighted some important general lessons for the use of military force. First, it has reinforced the well known point that it is the easiest thing in the world to get involved in major commitments, but it is substantially more difficult to get out. That’s why, when a Government makes a decision about a military intervention, it must very, very carefully consider whether that intervention is required in a country’s national security and national interests … The 2013 White Paper will address the range of significant developments internationally and domestically since the 2009 White Paper which are influencing national security and defence settings. This includes:
– the ADF’s operational drawdown from Afghanistan, Timor Leste and Solomon Islands;
– the ongoing strategic shift to our region, the Indo-Pacific and Asia Pacific, particularly the shift of economic weight to our region;
– the United States’ (US) re-balance to the Asia Pacific and Australia’s enhanced practical cooperation with the US pursuant to our Alliance relationship;
– Australia’s own Force Posture Review – the first in a quarter of a century; and
Bearing in mind the 2009 White Paper judgment that the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) was the most fundamental economic challenge facing Australia, the ongoing adverse effects of this crisis, which have continued to have a significant deleterious impact on the global economy and Defence funding, seeing what former United States Secretary of State for Defense Leon Panetta called the new fiscal reality …The White Paper will also emphasise, as the Asia Century White Paper did, that the ongoing prosperity of Australia is tied to sustainable security of our diverse region. The Asia Century White Paper outlines national objectives for building sustainable security in our region, including:
– working with the US to ensure it continues to have a strong and consistent presence in the region, including through enhanced practical cooperation between Australia and the US;
supporting China’s full participation in the region’s strategic, political and economic development;
– promoting cooperative arrangements among major powers in the region including promoting the development of the expanded East Asia Summit (EAS) as a crucial regional institution;
– maintaining Australia’s strong support for global, regional and bilateral security frameworks and norms based on the United Nations Charter, including through our membership of the UN Security Council; and
– pursuing practical cooperation and building local capability with regional partners across a range of areas such as terrorism, people smuggling, transnational crime, counter-proliferation and disaster management.
The White Paper will also identify new opportunities for Australia to pursue deeper strategic and security partnerships in our region following the transition in Afghanistan and the ADF’s return from Afghanistan …
Afghanistan: Mögliches deutsches Engagement nach 2014
18.04.2013 … Eine Willenserklärung der Bundesregierung haben nun gemeinsam Verteidigungsminister Thomas de Maizière und Außenminister Guido Westerwelle am 18. April im Auswärtigen Amt abgegeben … Ausschriftung: Statement Minister de Maizière …
Das bisherige internationale Mandat ISAF für Afghanistan endet 2014. Damit endet ein Einsatz, der auch ein Kampfeinsatz war. Afghanistan muss dann operativ für seine eigene Sicherheit sorgen. Die afghanischen Sicherheitskräfte können das dann auch … Für die Zeit ab 2015 geht es um ein neues, um ein anderes Mandat, mit einem neuen Zuschnitt und mit einem anderen Auftrag. Die NATO erarbeitet derzeit die Pläne für eine solche Ausbildungs-, Beratungs- und Unterstützungsmission ab 2015. Diese im Charakter neu ausgerichtete Mission wird keinen Kampfauftrag haben. Die NATO-Planungen sehen für diese Mission bisher einen Personalkorridor von 8.000 bis 12.000 Soldaten vor … Die Bundesregierung ist bereit, ab dem Jahr 2015 für zunächst zwei Jahre insgesamt ca. 600 bis ca. 800 Soldatinnen und Soldaten für die vorgesehene Ausbildungs-, Beratungs- und Unterstützungsmission zur Verfügung zu stellen … Deutschland ist bereit, seine Soldatinnen und Soldaten sowohl für … die Hauptstadt Kabul, als auch für … unseren bisherigen Zuständigkeitsbereich, zur Verfügung zu stellen … im Norden, in Masar-i-Sharif, als Führungsnation, unterstützt von anderen Staaten, Verantwortung zu übernehmen … Wir werden mit diesem Angebot nun in die weiteren internationalen Abstimmungsgespräche gehen. Wir sind der Überzeugung, dass dieses Angebot unserer politischen Verantwortung gegenüber den Afghanen und gegenüber unseren internationalen Partnern gerecht wird … Deutschland positioniert sich bei diesem wichtigen Thema zu Beginn und rechtzeitig … Die Planungen und Entscheidungen über unseren Beitrag in Afghanistan beruhen auf einer begründeten, aber nicht grenzenlosen Zuversicht über die Entwicklung des Landes. Wir müssen bei allem, was wir planen und bei allem was wir tun, auch daran denken, dass wir es mit einer sich entwickelnden Sicherheitslage und einer sich entwickelnden politischen Lage zu tun haben. Dessen sind wir uns bewusst.
… und dazu passend: 130417 Rabe Pirateneinsatz.jpg
Chinese navy intensifies blue water training
2013-04-16 The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy is intensifying blue water training, according to a white paper issued Tuesday by the State Council Information Office. „The PLA navy is improving the training mode of task force formation in blue water,“ says the white paper on „the diversified employment of China’s armed forces.“ The PLA navy organizes the training of different formations of combined task forces composed of new types of destroyers, frigates, ocean-going replenishment ships and shipborne helicopters, the white paper says. „The Chinese navy is increasing its research and training on tasks in complex battlefield environments, highlighting the training of remote early warning, comprehensive control, open sea interception, long-range raid, anti-submarine warfare and vessel protection at distant sea“ … The PLAN organizes relevant coastal forces to carry out live force-on-force training for air defense, anti-submarine, anti-mine, anti-terrorism, anti-piracy, coastal defense, and island and reef sabotage raids, it says …
siehe auch: 2013-April-17 China’s defense paper stresses new military employment …
White Paper: April 2013 The Diversified Employment of China’s Armed Forces …
Global commons: between cooperation and competition
No17 – 08 April 2013 Rapid economic development and increasing international trade are leading to a more crowded international stage and raising new challenges in the ‘global commons’ – those domains that are not under the control or jurisdiction of any state but are open for use by countries, companies and individuals from around the world. Their management involves increasingly complex processes to accommodate and integrate the interests and responsibilities of states, international organisations and a host of non-state actors. Shared rules regarding the usage of – and access to – the global commons encourages their peaceful and cooperative use … With the rise of non-Western, less liberal powers – particularly China – questions must be asked regarding the durability of the existing processes for managing the global commons, along with the potential for developing effective new processes that can address new threats and challenges …
22.04.13 Gast-Kommentar: Marathon – jetzt erst recht?
Die Instrumentalisierung des Terrors von Boston verfehlt ihr Ziel
Von Prof. Michael Schulte-Markwort, Ärztlicher Direktor der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie am Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf
Auf der Titelseite des Hamburger Abendblatts vom Sonnabend/Sonntag waren sechs Hamburger Prominente abgelichtet, um zu demonstrieren, dass unter dem Motto „die Hansestadt zeigt Flagge“ die Terrorbomben von Boston „uns nicht“ einschüchtern und „wir … keine Angst“ haben. Wie gut, könnte man denken, wir Hamburger, wir Deutschen lassen uns nichts gefallen, stehen auf und leisten Widerstand gegen den Terror. Aber ist das wirklich so? Ist das Widerstand? Haben wir keine Angst? Wozu dieser Trotz? … drängt sich … der Eindruck auf, als wenn hier ein schreckliches Ereignis benutzt und instrumentalisiert wird, um an einer Stelle vermeintliche Stärke zu zeigen, die in Wirklichkeit etwas anderes überdeckt – und die im Zweifelsfall eskaliert statt deeskaliert. Warum? Großveranstaltungen sind heute weltweit – und in der westlichen Welt vielleicht besonders – der destruktiven Anziehungskraft von Terroristen ausgesetzt. Hier ist immer wieder besondere Vorsicht und Solidarität gefragt. Natürlich geht es auch nicht darum, sich aus Angst voreilig zurückzuziehen, wohl aber darum, Menschenleben nicht über die Maßen zu gefährden. Für Hamburg gab es wohl auch keine Anzeichen dafür. Wenn ein Mensch oder eine Gruppe von Menschen die eigene Angst verleugnet, entsteht nicht selten ein trotziges „jetzt erst recht“, ein Trotz, der weder der Bewältigung der eigenen Angst dient noch das angemessene Signal dem gegenüber ist, der die Bedrohung darstellt. Alle Mitarbeiter der Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie beispielsweise, Kliniken, in denen es immer wieder und schneller als in anderen kulturellen Kontexten zu Gewalt kommt, sind spezialisiert auf Techniken und Haltungen der Deeskalation. Das bedeutet, aktiv Verhaltensweisen zu zeigen, die gefährliche Situationen entschärfen und Dialog-fähigkeit entstehen lassen. Mit dieser Aktion wurden unnötig die Ereignisse von Boston instrumentalisiert, eine eigentlich angemessene solidarische Aktion für die Opfer und die Angehörigen wird verwandelt in eine Angstverleugnung und in das trotzige Gegenteil verdreht. Boston hat unsere Solidarität verdient und unsere Zeichen der Anteilnahme – mit einem „jetzt erst recht“ entsteht ein Kriegsgeschrei, das im Zweifelsfall provoziert. Und dann wäre es nicht nur eine Verkehrung der Angst in ihr Gegenteil – ein gängiger menschlicher Abwehrmechanismus -, sondern dumm. Boston und die Welt hätten es verdient, dass „wir Hamburger“ zeigen, wie man solidarisch ist, wie man seine Anteilnahme und Verunsicherung ausdrückt (vielleicht hätten 20.000 Trauerbänder genügt) und wie man friedlich und vorsichtig läuft, allenfalls mit einer Trauerflagge für Boston, aber nicht mit einer trotzigen Standarte.
Im Nachgang zum Newsletter vom 18.01.2013: Nach Bamako kann man jederzeit mit großen Flugzeugen Linie + Charter fliegen …
Ich hatte da auf eine Rezension des Buches von Groß: Von Moltke bis Heusinger … http://www.schoeningh.de/katalog/titel/978-3-506-77554-2.html
vom Inspekteur des Heeres, Generalleutnant Kasdorf hingewiesen. Es gibt jetzt in der FAZ auch eine von Klaus Naumann, Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung, siehe Anhang, im Internet noch nicht verfügbar.
… und zum Schluss heute mal in eigener Sache: Ich werde in den nächsten Tagen wieder in die Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr wechseln und dort eine Dozentur im Fachbereich Sicherheitspolitik und Strategie übernehmen. So erfreulich das für mich ist, werde ich mich aber erst einmal wieder darauf konzentrieren müssen, dort Fuß zu fassen … wenn’s Wasser also die nächsten Wochen nur tröpfchenweise kommt, bitte ich um Nachsicht und Verständnis!
Beste Grüße von der Elbe!
Strohredder 7, 22587 Hamburg